The US Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) prepared Dietary Guidelines for all Americans 2 years of age and older. (http://www.nal.usda.gov/fnic/dga). The seven guidelines are:
1. Eat a variety of foods.
2. Balance the food you eat with physical activity -- maintain or improve your weight.
3. Choose a diet with plenty of grain products, vegetables, and fruits.
4. Choose a diet low in fat, saturated fat and cholesterol.
5. Choose a diet moderate in sugars.
6. Choose a diet moderate in salt and sodium.
7. If you drink alcoholic beverages, do so in moderation.
Nutrition and Your Health:
Dietary Guidelines for Americans
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For more specific guidance on food selection, the USDA and the DHHS developed the food guide pyramid in Figure 3-1.
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