Disability

The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) developed by the World Health Organization, currently (2004) defines disability in the following way: 'ICF is a classification of health and health related domains that describe body functions and structures, activities and participation. The domains are classified from body, individual and societal perspectives. Since an individual's functioning and disability occurs in a context, [it] also includes a list of environmental factors. ICF is useful to understand and measure health outcomes. It can be used in clinical settings, health services or surveys at the individual or population level.' The definition can be found on the WHO site at www3.who.int/icf/icftemplate. cfm?myurl=introduction.html%20&mytitle=Introduction. Cf. Handicap, Impairment.

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