Natural Treatment for Hair Loss

Peruvian Hair Loss Treatment

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Peruvian Hair Loss Treatment Summary


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Androgenetic Alopecia

The idea of using saw palmetto for androgenetic alopecia (AGA) arose from the observation that finasteride appears to have some effect on this condition. One double-blind study has investigated the effects of saw palmetto as a potential therapeutic option, finding a highly positive response in 60 of subjects (Prager et al 2002). A second double-blind study of 48 men and women with AGA noted that mean hair density increased by 17 after 10 weeks of treatment with a topical lotion containing saw palmetto and by 27 after 50 weeks of treatment compared to baseline (Morganti et al as reported in Linde et al 2006, Ulbricht & B sch 2006).

Hair loss

Children with anorexia also can develop osteoporosis, muscle loss and weakness, severe dehydration leading to kidney failure, fainting, fatigue, and overall weakness, hair loss, and growth of a downy layer of hair called lanugo all over the body, including the face. As the girl's weight plummets, vital organs such as the brain and heart can be damaged.


A RCT of scalp massage using thyme, rosemary, lavender and cedarwood essential oils in 86 patients with alopecia areata found a significant improvement in hair growth after 7 months (Hay et al 1998). Although the efficacy of lavender as a stand-alone treatment was not clarified with this trial, it is known that the herb has some antibacterial and antifungal activity that may play a role. In a single case study, topical application of lavender, together with other essential oils, was reported to assist in treating scalp eczema (De Valois 2004).

Synthesis of findings

External beam radiation therapy (EBRT) was regarded by most patients as being an inferior treatment option to a radical prostatectomy. This was based on their belief that EBRT provided uncertainty surrounding its ability to cure their cancer 27, 28, 30, 31 through treatment administered externally to the body. Unlike a radical prostatectomy, EBRT was believed to disadvantage the patient by being time-consuming and disruptive to daily life with severe consequential side-effects 27, 28 . Interestingly, some of these side-effects were mistaken for side-effects associated with chemotherapy (e. g. , hair loss, weight loss, vomiting) 27, 28, 30 . It appeared that when patients selected EBRT as their preferred treatment, it was to avoid the negative effects of surgery, i. e. , being less invasive and resulting in fewer side-effects 31, 35 . These beliefs were similar to those held by patients who selected bra-chytherapy as their preferred treatment. However, like a radical prostatectomy,...

Intestinal Protein Losses

Other routes of loss of intact amino acids are via the urine and through skin and hair loss. These losses are small by comparison with those described above, but nonetheless may have a significant impact on estimates of requirements, especially in disease states (Matthews, 1999).

Historical Cultivation And Usage

Throughout Europe, the hazelnut has long been revered not only as a source of food but also as a plant with mystical and magical powers. The ancients thought hazelnuts had medicinal properties, using them as remedies for various disorders and diseases, including sore throat, phlegm, chronic cough, impotency, and baldness.

IAS trials currently under investigation

Table 2. lists the trials comprising IAS treatment of prostate cancer patients registered in the United States National Institute of Health (NIH) clinical studies site. With exception of a few further trials comparing IAS to CAS in metastatic cancer patients, several drugs are investigated for their potential to prolong the off-treatment phase of IAS. Exisulind (Aptosyn or su-lindac sulfone) may be useful as a treatment for men with advanced prostate cancer, achieving disease stabilization. This drug increases the rate of programmed cell death in cancer cells without damaging normal tissue by interfering with cyclic GMP phosphodies-terase in abnormally growing precancerous and cancerous cells 45 . Zactima (vandetanib) is an oral inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR-2), epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and Ret tyrosine kinases involved in tumor growth, progression and angiogenesis 46 . Although, as single agent, no significant antitumor activity has...

Graftversushost disease GVHD

Chronic GVHD usually develops after the third month post-transplant. It primarily affects the skin (itchy rash, discoloration of the skin, tightening of the skin, hair loss), eyes (dry, light-sensitive), mouth and esophagus (dry, tooth decay, difficulty swallowing), intestines (diarrhea, cramping, poor absorption of foods, weight loss), liver (jaundice), lungs (shortness of breath, wheezing, coughing), and joints (decreased mobility). This list may seem overwhelming, but remember that only some patients develop chronic GVHD, and those who do may experience all, a few, or only one of these symptoms.

Cancers associated with alterations to CBF

CBF's role in blood development and in leukemia was brought into sharp focus by animal studies and by the identification of the molecular defects associated with AML. For many years, RUNX1 was considered blood specific, in part because of the strong phenotype obtained in Runxl-null mice. More recently, the expression, composition and function of CBF was studied in a wide variety of normal and cancerous cell lines and tissues. For example, RUNX protein expression was identified in the hair follicle stem cells (HFSCs) of the skin, and CBF is required to regulate HFSC proliferation 55 . Moreover, RUNX1 expression is activated in a chemical-induced model of rodent skin squamous cell carcinoma 55 .

Localized Scleroderma

Wasting Tongue

Linear scleroderma is characterized by one or more linear streaks, most commonly along part or all of a limb, typically affecting a lower extremity (95,96). It can also occur on the trunk or face. When it involves the face or scalp it is called scleroderma en coup de sabre. It is usually unilateral and frontoparietal (Fig. 3). Involvement may vary greatly from minor indentation on the forehead to severe hemifacial atrophy. Alopecia

Extinguishing the AR axis

The evidence for ongoing androgen sensitivity is also strengthened by the observation of up regulation of AR protein levels in hormone resistant versus hormone sensitive paired xenografts 21 as well as in patient tumour samples 22, 23 . Maintained intra-tumoural levels of testosterone and dihydrotestosterone are also observed despite castrate serum androgen levels 24 .

Programed and Genetic Theories

Accelerated aging syndromes No distinct pheno-copy exists for normal aging, but there are several genetic diseases syndromes that display some features of accelerated aging, including Hutchinson-Gilford syndrome (classic early onset Progeria), Werner's syndrome, and Down's syndrome. Patients with these syndromes suffer from many signs of premature aging including hair loss, early greying, and skin atrophy, and also suffer from premature age-related diseases such as atherosclerosis, osteoporosis, and glucose intolerance. The defined genetics involved in these syndromes provide strong evidence for the genetic basis of aging.

Blood poisoning See septicemia

Boil An inflamed pus-filled section of skin (usually an infected hair follicle) found often on the back of the neck or moist areas such as the armpits and groin. A very large boil is called a carbuncle. Boils are usually caused by infection with the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus, which invades the body through a break in the skin, where it infects a blocked oil gland or hair follicle. When the body's immune system sends in white blood cells to kill the germs, the resulting inflammation produces pus.

Cri du chat syndrome 129

This condition features downward slanting eyelids, absent or underdeveloped cheekbones, a severely underdeveloped lower jaw, malformed outer and middle ears, cleft palate, absence of lower eyelashes, scalp hair growing onto the cheeks, and underdeveloped or missing thumbs.

Treatment of Th1Mediated Autoimmune Skin Diseases Using AntiIFNy

Anti Interferon Gamma Treatment

We used anti-IFN-y in patients with psoriasis vulgaris, alopecia areata, vitiligo, acne vulgaris, and herpes simplex type 1, and plan to expand the trials using a humanized monoclonal antibody. Trials are also planned for testing the treatment in other Th-1-mediated skin diseases, including seborrheic dermatitis, rosacea, oral lichen planus, and dermatophyto-sis, which are discussed in the following sections. In most cases, we used two methods of delivery of the antibody intradermal injection around the lesion and intramuscular administration. Thus, anti-IFN-y delivered to the lesion either IM or locally brought the same effect. We believe anticytokine therapy, particularly the removal or inhibition of IFN-y and or TNF-a and IL-1, may be a rational treatment for many severe autoimmune skin diseases that do not respond to standard therapies. 1.3.2 Alopecia Areata T-cell clones from alopecia lesions have been reported to release large amounts of IFN-y and or TNF-a that downregulate...

Indications Fenugreek

Abscess (f VAD WOI) Acne (f VAD) Adenopathy (f CRC HHB) Aging (f BOW) Alactea (f1 PH2 WOI) Allergy (f PED) Alopecia (1 APA KAP MAD) Anemia (f1 BOU GMH SPI VAD) Anorexia (f12 APA CAN KOM PH2 JAC7 405) Aposteme (f JLH) Arthrosis (1 KOM) Atherosclerosis (1 BGB SKY) Backache (f BOW) Bacteria (1 WOI X15331344) Blepharosis (f VAD) Boil (f BGB GMH KAP) Bronchosis (f APA BOU GHA PH2) Burn (f CRC IHB) Calculus (1 APA) Cancer (f1 APA) Cancer, abdomen (f1 FNF JLH) Cancer, bladder (f1 FNF JLH) Cancer, breast (f1 FNF JLH X15936223) Cancer, cervix (f1 BOW) Cancer, colon (f1 FNF JLH) Cancer, eye (f1 FNF JLH) Cancer, gland (f1 FNF JLH) Cancer, groin (f1 FNF JLH) Cancer, intestine (f1 FNF JLH) Cancer, kidney (f1 FNF JLH) Cancer, liver (f1 FNF JLH) Cancer, parotid (f1 FNF JLH) Cancer, rectum (f1 FNF JLH MAD) Cancer, spleen (f1 FNF JLH) Cancer, stomach (f1 FNF JLH) Cancer, testes (f1 FNF JLH) Cancer, throat (f1 FNF JLH) Cancer, uterus (f1 FNF JLH) Cancer, uvula (f1 FNF JLH) Carbuncle (f GMH KAP)...

Different types of hair growth

This is a small, smooth weak muscle made up of sensory fibres. It is attached at an angle to the base of a hair follicle which serves to make the hair stand erect in response to cold, or when experiencing emotions such as fright and anxiety. Apocrine glands are connected with hair follicles and are found only in the genital and underarm regions. They produce a fatty secretion and breakdown of the secretion by bacteria leads to body odour. These glands are small sac-like pouches found all over the body, except for the soles of the feet and the palms of the hands. They are more numerous on the scalp, face, chest and back. Sebaceous glands commonly open into a hair follicle but some open onto the skin surface. They produce an oily substance called sebum, which contains fats, cholesterol and cellular debris.

Candidate Diseases For Cutaneous Gene Therapy

Partial restoration of gene expression can be achieved through direct injection of naked DNA into the human skin diseased area, but underscore the need for new advances to achieve efficient and sustained plasmid-based gene delivery to the skin. b. Junctional EB. There are 2 major forms of junctional EB, the Herlitz variant or EB letalis, and generalized atrophic benign EB (GABEB). In addition, there are several other variants (120). Both forms are transmitted in an autosomal recessive manner, and both have onset at birth and are associated with marked skin fragility and generalized blister formation. Although scarring and milia formation are usually absent in both forms of junctional EB, skin atrophy is a characteristic finding in GABEB patients who also tend to have marked dystrophic or absent nails, palmoplantar hyperkeratosis, and significant scarring alopecia of the scalp (120). A characteristic feature of Herlitz disease is the development of large, non-healing areas of...

The CYP17 enzyme One active site two activities

Cholesterol Side Chain Cleavage

Alike other cytochrome P450 enzymes, this cysteinato-heme enzyme functions as a mono-oxygenase by activating and cleaving molecular dioxygen so that one of the atoms is inserted into its substrate while the other gives rise to a water molecule 29, 30 . P450 reductase transfer of electrons in the presence of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) is a requisite for both catalytic activities 29, 30 . Its natural substrates are pregnenolone (Preg) and progesterone (Prog) which are first hydroxylated at the 17 position and then their side chain is cleaved to afford 17-keto derivatives (dehydroepiandrosterone, DHEA and androstenedione, AD respectively), which are androgen precursors. The andro-gens (testosterone, T and dihydrotestosterone, DHT) that result from further metabolization of both DHEA and AD, bind to the AR and initiate transcription, triggering the synthesis of

Understanding Your Metabolism

No one can avoid fats and stay healthy. Because fat is an energy source, your body needs a certain amount to function efficiently. Most fats are commonly found in animal foods or can be synthesized in your body from carbohydrates. However, your body cannot make these essential fatty acids, which are omega-6 and omega-3. A deficiency of essential fatty acids will produce symptoms such as dry and scaly skin, dermatitis, and hair loss.

Tick Testingidentification

Symptoms The symptoms vary according to the part of the body affected by the infection the most common area is the foot (causing athlete's foot), with cracking, itchy skin between the toes. Tinea cruris (jock itch) is more common in males and produces a red, itchy area from the genitals outward over the inside of the thighs tinea corporis (ringworm of the body) is characterized by itchy circular skin patches with a raised edge. Tinea capitis (ringworm of the scalp) causes round, itchy circles of hair loss found most commonly in children in large cities or overcrowded condi

Dysregulation of CRF pathways in human disease states

Caused by prolonged activation of the HPA axis or long-term treatment with exogenous glucocorticoids results in Cushing's disease or syndrome (Nelson, 1989). Continued exposure to high levels of glucocorticoids eventually leads to metabolic dysfunction that may include muscle wasting, abnormal fat deposits, brittle bones, thin skin, hair loss, and hyperglycemia.

Head and Neck Manifestations

Skin disease occurs in 20 to 25 of patients with sarcoidosis, including lesions on the head and neck. Sarcoid skin lesions may appear as a maculopapular eruption of the alae nares, lips, eyelids, forehead, posterior neck, and at sites of trauma pink nodular facial lesions and plaque-like lesions, such as lupus pernio, a violaceous discoloration of the nose, cheeks, chin, and ears (30,33). Other cutaneous manifestations outside the head and neck region include erythema nodosum changes in old scars alopecia subcutaneous nodules and psoriaform, hypopigmented, morpheaform, and rosacea-like lesions (30,33). The simultaneous development of erythema nodosum, hilar adenopathy, migratory polyarthralgias, and fever is referred to as Lofgren's syndrome and occurs primarily in women.

General terms associated with the skin

This is a collection of sebum, keratinised cells and waste which accumulate in the entrance of a hair follicle. It may be open or closed. An open comedone is a 'blackhead' contained within the follicle, whereas a closed comedone is a whitehead, trapped underneath the skin's surface.

Indications Black Mustard

Abscess (f DAW) Adenopathy (f JLH) Ague (f DEM) Alopecia (f DAW) Ameba (f DAW) Amenorrhea (f FEL) Angina (f FEL HHB) Anorexia (f DAW DEM KAB) Apoplexy (f FEL) Arthrosis (1 FNF) Asthma (f DEM) Bite (f CEB) Bloat (f DAW) Boil (f DAW) Bronchosis (f HHB PH2) Cancer (1 FNF JLH) Cancer, colon (1 FNF JLH) Cancer, liver (1 FNF JLH) Cancer, neck (1 FNF JLH) Cancer, sinew (1 FNF JLH) Cancer, skin (1 FNF JLH) Cancer, spleen (1 FNF JLH) Cancer, throat (1 FNF JLH) Cancer, uterus (1 FNF JLH) Cancer, wrist (1 FNF JLH) Cardiopathy (f HHB PH2) Chest cold (f HJP) Cholera (f FEL) Circulosis (f PH2) Cold (f DAW DEM WIN) Congestion (f DAW FEL) Constipation (f DAW FEL) Cough (f DAW) Cramp (f DAW) CVI (f PH2) Depression (f HJP) Dermatosis (f DAW) Dropsy (f HJP) Dysentery (f DAW) Dysmenorrhea (f FEL) Dyspepsia (f CEB FEL) Ectoparasite (f DAW) Edema (f DAW) Enterosis (f FEL PH2) Epilepsy (f DAW) Fever (f BOU DAW DEM FEL HHB) Fibroid (f JLH) Fibroma (f JLH) Gastrosis (f FEL PH2 WIN) Glaucoma (f PH2) Headache...

Castor Oil Plant Castor Bean

Steve Castor

Traditional Medicinal Uses Its leaf poultice is applied to boils and sores in India to treat headaches and fever in Hawaii. 91 The leaves and roots are used in a decoction for anal prolapse, arthritis, constipation, facial palsy, lymph-adenopathy, strabismus, uteral prolapse, cough, and also as a discutient and expectorant. The heated leaves are applied to gout and swellings as well. 51 The leaves and oil are used for dermatological purposes in Nigeria. 101 Its seeds are used to treat abscesses and skin eruptions, deafness, headache, skin problems, bleeding, constipation, boils, piles and to promote labour. 41 They are rubbed on the temple for headache, powdered for abscesses, boils, and carbuncles. The plant is also used for dogbite, scrofula and several skin infections. The Chinese rub the oil on the body for skin ailments. The seeds are crushed and made into a pulp and rubbed into the palms for palsy, introduced into the urethra in stricture and rubbed on the soles of feet of...

Skin lesions disorders and diseases

Pustule this is an elevated lump of skin containing pus pustules often develop when hair follicles are infected by bacteria. Furuncle or boil this is an abscess under the skin filled with pus, which is caused by bacteria entering the skin, usually through a hair follicle. Boils can be painful and should be medically treated. Do not massage over the area.

Sex Cord Stromal Tumors

Sex cord-stromal tumors may also secrete a combination of hormones. In estrogen-secreting tumors, breast enlargement and vaginal bleeding are the most common symptoms. Women of reproductive age may present with menstrual irregularities. The postmenopausal female typically presents with postmenopausal bleeding and breast tenderness. In androgen-secreting tumors, hirsutism, deepening of the voice, male-pattern baldness, breast shrinkage, clitoromegaly, and acne may occur.

Biotin in Regulation of the Cell Cycle

Biotin deficiency, and the functional deficiency associated with lack of holocarboxylase synthetase (Section, or biotinidase (Section, causes alopecia (hair loss) and a scaly erythematous dermatitis, especially around the body orifices. The dermatitis is similar to that seen in zinc and essential fatty acid deficiency, and is commonly associated with Candida albicans infection. Histology of the skin shows an absence of sebaceous glands and atrophy of the hair follicles. The dermatitis is because of impaired metabolism of polyunsaturated fatty acids as a result of low activity of acetyl CoA carboxylase (Section In biotin-deficient experimental animals, provision of supplements of long-chain 6 polyunsaturated fatty acids prevents the development of skin lesions (Mock et al., 1988a, 1988b Mock, 1991).

CRFoverexpressing transgenic mice CRFTg

We created a transgenic model of chronic CRF hypersecretion (CRF-Tg mice) using a chimeric CRF transgene comprised of the metallothionein promoter linked to the rat CRF genomic gene (Stenzel-Poore et al., 1992). These mice exhibit chronic HPA axis activation due to central overproduction of CRF. Basal ACTH is elevated two- to five-fold, resulting in a tenfold elevation in circulating glucocorticoids. Physically, such high corticosterone levels render these mice Cushingoid. By eight weeks of age, CRF-Tg mice present with thin skin, hair loss, brittle bones, truncal obesity, and a characteristic buffalo hump a phenotype, which can be reversed with adrenalectomy (Stenzel-Poore et al., 1992). CRF is overproduced in CRF-Tg mice in regions of the brain that normally express CRF (e.g., PVN, preoptic area, amygdala, olfactory bulb, and lateral septum). CRF mRNA expression is increased in these regions except the PVN where CRF expression matches control levels. This may reflect downregulation...

Indications Weeping Willow

Abscess (f DAA ROE) Alopecia (f DEM ROE) Arthrosis (f1 DAW ROE SKJ WOI) Bacillus (1 WOI) Bacteria (1 WOI) Bleeding (f DAA) Boil (f DAA) Cancer (f JLH) Carbuncle (f DAA DAW) Dandruff (f ROE) Dermatosis (f ROE) Diarrhea (f DEM) Dyspnea (f DEM) Enterosis (f ROE) Fever (f1 DEP ROE SKJ WOI) Flu (f ROE) Fungus (1 LMP) Gonorrhea (f DAA DAW) Hoarseness (f DEM) Infection (1 ROE WOI) Jaundice (f DAA DAW) Malaria (f1 DAW ROE) Mycosis (1 LMP) Parasite (f DAA) Rheumatism (f1 DAW ROE SKJ WOI) Sore (f DAW ROE) Staphylococcus (1 ROE) Swelling (f DAA) Worm (f DEP EFS NAD).

Requirements and High Intakes

A dietary deficiency of tin has been reported to depress growth, response to sound, and feed efficiency, alter the mineral composition of several organs, and cause hair loss in rats. Additionally, tin has been shown to influence heme oxygenase activity and has been associated with thymus immune and homeostatic functions.

Hazard Identification

(reviewed by Benevenga and Steele, 1984 Harper et al., 1970). Funk and coworkers (1991) found that rats given a 20 percent casein diet supplemented with 14.3 percent tryptophan for 4 weeks developed scaly tails and thinning hair. However, no adverse effects were seen when the diets contained 1.4 or 2.9 percent L-tryptophan. No cancers were observed over an 80-week period when rats were fed diets containing 2 percent added L-tryptophan (Birt et al., 1987). Addition of 2.5 or 5 percent L-tryptophan to diets of rats and mice for 2 years resulted in decreased body weights of male and female mice and male (but not female) rats (DHEW, 1978). In pigs, supplementation with 0.1 or 1 percent L-tryptophan for up to 40 days did not affect weight gain, but 2 or 4 percent decreased weight gain and 4 percent also decreased food intake (Chung et al., 1991).

Problem Solving for Caregivers of Cancer Patients

And (e) carrying out and adjusting the plan. Manuals have been developed that contain guided problem-solving plans across a variety of physical (e.g., fatigue, hair loss, appetite difficulties) and psychosocial (e.g., depression, anxiety) problems that cancer patients commonly experience.58,59 These manuals use the acronym COPE to highlight various problem-solving operations, where C creativity, O optimism, P planning, and E expert information. Although no controlled studies have yet been conducted with this protocol, a program evaluation concerning participant satisfaction and acceptability of the treatment approach among various samples of caregivers has been very promising.54

Types of Self Help Programs

Self-help in the form of support groups is widely available for women with eating concerns. Many support groups are delivered using Internet technology and target general eating concerns or specific issues (e.g., alopecia universalis). Facilitation of support groups can be accomplished with professional, paraprofessional, or peer leaders. Unfortunately, detailed discussion of group interventions is beyond the scope of this chapter.

Some characteristics of testosterone

Testicular Atrophy

Testosterone is principal male androgen, sex hormone and anabolic steroid. It is found not only in humans, but also in many other vertebrates. In males, testosterone is secreted by Leydig cells in testicles, in females by theca cells in ovaries. Small amount is produced also in zona reticularis of adrenal cortex in both genders and in placenta. Chemically (figure 1), it is white powder, soluble in methanol, name is17beta-Hydroxyandrost-4-en-3-on or 4-An-drosten-17beta-ol-3-on, Chemical Abstracts Service number 58-22-0, ATC code G03BA03. It is a controlled substance, in US by Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). It's inactive epimer - difference in configuration of OH at C17 - is called epitestosterone. Testosterone's biosynthesis starts from cholesterol. Metabolism up to one tenth of testosterone is converted by 5-alpha reductase to dihydrotestosterone, less than 0.5 by aromatase to estradiol. Most of testosterone is deactivated and excreted as glucoronides.

The growth cycle of a hair

While carrying out hair removal treatments, it is important to remember that the hair follicle is part of the skin's structure, therefore any treatment which affects the hair is also going to affect the skin. Once a hair has been removed, the maximum amount of blood will be sent straight to the area being treated to heal and protect the skin. This is a normal reaction of the skin and extra blood that has been sent to the treated area will soon be diverted again within a few hours of treatment. As the treated area of skin will have open follicles, it is vital that a client adheres strictly to after-care advice specified as open follicles offer bacteria an easy entry into the body.

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Crocodile Drug Before And After

The most obvious lesions of the head and neck that can be seen in SLE are those involving the skin. The most characteristic dermatologic feature of lupus is the malar rash (Fig. 1). Also known as the butterfly rash, because of its shape across the cheeks and bridge of the nose, the malar rash is an erythematous and edematous eruption that classically spares the nasolabial folds. A similar rash may be seen on the forehead and chin. It may or may not result from exposure to sunlight, but is often abrupt in onset and can last for days. Malar rashes occur in 30 to 60 of patients. Discoid lupus (Fig. 2) is less frequent, occurring in 15 to 30 of patients. It too may occur in a malar distribution however, discoid lesions can occur anywhere on the face or scalp, in the pinnae, behind the ears, or on the neck. Discoid lesions tend to be discrete plaques, often erythematous with an adherent scale that extends into hair follicles. They can progress to lesions with indurated margins of erythema...

Treatment of Th1Mediated Autoimmune Diseases

Commercially available TNF-a antagonists have brought many serious complications, such as systemic lupus erythematosus, reactivation of latent TB, liver problems, alopecia, lymphoma, and others (Michel et al. 2003 Cunnane et al. 2003 CDC 2004 Ettefagh et al. 2004 Hamilton 2004).

Metabolic Function and Essentiality

Pantothenic acid is essential for all mammalian species so far studied, namely humans, bovines, pigs, dogs, cats, and rodents, as well as for poultry and fish. Pantothenate deficiency signs in animals are relatively nonspecific and vary among species. Deficiency in young animals results in impaired growth, and requirement estimates based on maximum growth rates are between 8 and 15 mg per kg diet. Rats that are maintained on a diet low in pantothe-nate exhibit reduced growth, scaly dermatitis, alopecia, hair discoloration and loss, porphyrin-caked whiskers, sex organ disruption, congenital malformations, and adrenal necrosis. Deficient chicks are affected by abnormal feather development, locomotor and thymus involution, neurological symptoms including convulsions, and hypoglycemia. Pigs exhibit intestinal problems and abnormalities of dorsal root

Cutaneous Gene Therapy for Skin and Systemic Disorders

The skin presents regional variations with regards to thickness, coloration, and presence of adnexa. For instance, the skin is thicker, presents lower levels of coloration, and has no hair follicles in the palms and soles. However, the basic structure of the skin is maintained in all body areas. The external part of the skin, the epidermis, is formed by a stratified squamous epithelium, which is composed in its majority by keratinocytes. Other cell types such as melanocytes, Langerhans cells, and Merkel cells are also found in this layer. The epidermis is divided into 2 major compartments the basal (proliferative) and suprabasal (differentiation) compartments. The suprabasal compartment is further divided into different layers based on microscopic characteristics the spinous layer, the granular layer, and the cornified layer (Fig. 1). The basal keratinocytes are attached to the basement membrane (BM) through specialized multiprotein junctional complexes called hemidesmosomes (11). The...

Surgery and children See hospitalization

Typically there is a red scaly rash on the face, affecting the nose and cheeks, arthritis, and progressive kidney damage the heart, lungs, and brain may also be affected by progressive attacks of inflammation followed by the formation of scar tissue. In the milder form (DLE) only the skin is affected. Patients with lupus often have fever, weakness, fatigue, or weight loss. They may experience muscle aches, loss of appetite, swollen glands, hair loss, or abdominal pain, which can be accompanied by nausea, diarrhea, and vomiting. Sometimes the person's fingers, toes, nose, or ears will be particularly sensitive to cold and will turn white in cold temperatures, a condition known as Raynaud's phenomenon.

Autoimmune disorder of the skin

It is typically characterised by a red, scaly rash affecting the nose and cheeks. Other symptoms include joint pain, hair loss, swelling of the feet and fingers. A form of lupus which primarily affects the skin is dicoid lupus erythematosus (DLE). This is where the skin forms round, firm lesions called discoids with red, raised bumps around the hair follicles. All forms of lupus are aggravated by sun exposure.

What Would Young People Have Liked Their Rheumatologist Or A Rheumatology Team Member To Have Told Them When They Were

To be honest, the first thing that I would have liked a rheu-matologist to say to me when I was first diagnosed in, I'm only kidding. There's nothing the matter, take these tablets, and the tiredness, lack of eating, hair loss, rash and other symptoms will go and you will be normal again.

Moniliasis See thrush

Illness in the animals has included fever, cough, swollen, reddened eyes, and swollen glands followed by a rash and hair loss, although not all of these signs have been present in all animals. Some prairie dogs died and others recovered. The sick rabbit associated with one human case had prior

Trace Elements Copper Selenium Chromium Fluoride Manganese and Molybdenum

Recommended intakes of selenium for adults are based on the criterion of maximizing plasma glutathione peroxidase activity. Based on an estimated selenium content of the fetus of 1000 mg, across pregnancy this would require that an additional 4 mg day be consumed. The EAR is therefore increased from 45 to 49 mg day and the RDA from 55 to 60 mg day. The UL is determined on the basis of hair loss and brittle nails, which occur at higher levels of intake, and is the same as that set for nonpregnant women. An intake of 60 mg day is also recommended throughout pregnancy in the United Kingdom, which is the same as the prepreg-nancy value for that population.

Clinical Manifestations

NME is the hallmark finding in glucagonoma syndrome. It is characterized by a polymorphous eruption that most commonly presents as scaly, erythematous papules and plaques with superficial erosions. The lesions typically are in a perioral distribution on the face (Fig. 9), but also involve the perineum, lower abdomen, thighs, buttocks, and less commonly the distal extremities. NME has been reported to be the presenting complaint in approximately two-thirds of patients with this tumor, but there are only rare cases of glucagonoma without NME ever occurring. Stomatitis, glossitis, dystrophic nails, and alopecia can also be seen. The eruption is frequently misdiagnosed as seborrheic dermatitis or intertrigo and can also resemble pemphigus foliaceus, acrodermatitis enteropathica, chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis, or psoriasis.

Inhibition Of5alpha Reductase

In different cell systems, the Iipid-sterolic extract acts as a non-competitive inhibitor of both type 1 and type 2 5-alpha reductase activity, thereby preventing the conversion of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone (Bayne et al 2000, Raynaud et al 2002, Sultan et al 1984). However, it is currently unclear whether the effect is apparent in humans, as contradictory evidence exists. Raynaud et al (2002) explained that the discrepancies found by different authors were due to different experimental conditions and selectivity for fatty acids, as only specific aliphatic unsaturated fatty acids have been shown to inhibit 5-alpha reductase activity. One study that analysed and compared BPH samples taken from both untreated and treated subjects (320 mg saw palmetto extract taken for 3 months) found that local levels of testosterone were raised, whereas dihydrotestosterone levels were reduced, suggestive of local 5-alpha reductase inhibition (Di Silverio et al 1998). An earlier, short-term...

Cofactor Deficiencies

Biotin is an essential cofactor for the four carboxylase enzymes propionyl CoA carboxylase, methylcrotonyl CoA carboxylase, pyruvate CoA car-boxylase, and acetyl CoA carboxylase. It is endo-genously derived from lysine and also present in its protein-bound form in small amounts in many foods. Holocarboxylase synthetase (HCS), which forms the inactive parent apoenzyme, is also biotin dependent. Enzyme activation requires free biotin, which is released by the action of biotinidase this enzyme also plays an essential role in the recycling of biotin for further use. A deficiency of biotinidase, therefore, results in depletion of biotin and a functional defect of the carboxylases. Symptoms include hypotonia, lethargy, vomiting, and ataxia. Recurrent metabolic acidosis may occur. Alopecia and a generalized erythematous rash are common. The symptoms are more severe in HCS deficiency. The characteristic pattern of organic acids is present in both disorders. The diagnosis is made by measuring...

Reasons for testosterone measurement in prostate cancer

But testosterone measurements are not important only for urologists, who, apart from main reason - decisions related to prostate cancer management, use it for example also for aging male symptomatology and evaluation of patients with erectile dysfunction. Also other medical specialties, like endocrinology, pediatrics, gynecology or oncology use testosterone measurements for their conditions, like diagnosing and monitoring hyper- or hypo- andro-genic disorders in women, like polycystic ovary syndrome, alopecia, acne, hirsutism or hy-poactive sexual desire disorder androgen secreting neoplasms congenital syndromes with ambiguous genitalia Pediatrics and endocrinology were in the past probably most frequent users of testosterone assays, but nowadays most laboratories receive most testosterone requests from urologists.

Mechanisms involved in the development and progression of the disease

To understand prostatic growth in diseased states, it is important to understand the hormonal influences at play in normal prostate development and function. Testosterone is the primary circulating androgen in men. Within the prostate, testosterone is converted to a more potent androgen dihydrotestosterone (DHT) by the action of intracellular 5a-reductase enzymes 6 . Circulating DHT levels are low (1 10) when compared with testosterone, whereas in the prostate, this ratio is reversed, making DHT the primary prostatic androgen 7 . Dihydrotestosterone is essential for the development of the prostate gland. Inside the prostate, both testosterone and DHT bind to the androgen receptor (AR), stimulating the AR signalling axis that promotes cell-cycle regulation, cell survival and lipogenesis 8 . Although both the androgens are capable of binding AR, DHT has a stronger affinity than testosterone

Vitamin DResistant Rickets

Type II vitamin D-resistant rickets is characterized by a lack of responsiveness of target tissues to calcitriol and is caused by a genetic defect in the calcitriol receptor. Affected children develop more or less normally until about 9 months of age, then develop severe rickets with alopecia and a wide variety of disorders, including immune system dysfunction. Three variants are known

Combination chemotherapy Nongemcitabine containing regimens

Using overall survival as its primary end point, and with an intended treatment period of six months, FOLFIRINOX treated patients had an impressive median 11.1 month overall survival, compared with only 6.8 months in those treated with gemcitabine alone (HR for death, 0.57 95 CI, 0.45 - 0.73 p

Presentday Cultivation And Usage

Gallnuts (Figure 60.2) are used for treatment mainly in China, India, and The Far East. They are applied in the form of decoctions, infusions, ointments, or powders for the treatment of inflammatory diseases. A decoction of gallnuts is generally employed as an astringent gargle, wash, or injection. Gargling a decoction or infusion of gallnuts is very effective for tonsillitis, stomatitis, and relaxing the throat, while local application of boiled and bruised gallnuts to the skin cures swelling or inflammation (Aroonrerk & Kamkaen, 2009). Powdered gallnuts mixed with vinegar are used for ringworm and alopecia (Khare, 2004). An ointment including powdered gallnuts is applied for hemorrhoids and diseases of the anus, and a powder or decoction of gallnuts is also used for diarrhea or dysentery. Injections of the decoction are applied to lessen mucous discharges of the vagina, such as in leukorrhea and gonorrhea. Gallnuts are used to remedy skin lesions and oral ulcerations. A dental...

Dietary and other sources

Selenides. sclenates and various other inorganic Se compounds have significant toxic potential (at chronic intake levels of 1000pig or more), mainly by causing dermatitis. hair loss, nail deformities, nausea, diarrhea, and peripheral neuropathy through unknown mechanisms.

Trichophyton and Microsporum

Initial steroid binding studies were done with Trichophyton mentagrophytes. A specific binding of progesterone was demonstrated in the cytosol of the organism with a Kd 95 nM and binding capacity of close to 5,000 fmol mg of protein. Both deoxycorticosterone and dihydrotestosterone were strong competitors for progesterone binding, whereas other steroids had minimal binding activity (Schar et al. 1986). Furthermore, progesterone inhibited the growth of the organism, as did deoxycorticosterone and dihydrotestosterone, all in the same rank-order as for binding (Schar et al. 1986). Further studies showed that the binding was due to a protein and that similar to T. mentagrophytes, Microsporum canis had a progesterone binding protein similar in affinity and high capacity, whereas the progesterone binding protein in T. rubrum was of higher affinity (i.e., Kd 16 nM) and lower

Feeling Better by Looking Better

In addition to the trauma of having the disease, cancer patients have to cope with various side effects brought on by treatments. For example, hair loss is a major concern for chemotherapy patients. There are a number of nonprofit organizations, though, that help cancer patients feel better about their appearance. Locks of Love and Wigs for Kids were created to provide complimentary hairpieces for children and young adults undergoing chemotherapy. People can donate their long hair to these organizations, which then make the hair into custom-made wigs for eligible patients.

Holocarboxylase Synthetase

Deficiency most infants present within the first 6 weeks of life, although some may not present until 15 months of age. They have a scaly dermatitis and alopecia, as seen in biotin deficiency (Section 11.3), and develop potentially life-threatening keto-acidosis and sometimes also hyperammonemia, with mental retardation, delayed development, and acute neurological problems. They also have high blood and urine concentrations of a number of substrates of biotin-dependent enzymes, and the metabolic precursors and alternative metabolites of these substrates, as shown in Table 11.1 (Baumgartner andSuormala, 1997, 1999).


Some radiation patients suffer no side effects from the treatment. For those who do, the most common side effects are fatigue and skin irritation. Depending on the type of cancer and its location in the body, radiation treatment may cause patients to suffer from diarrhea, hair loss, and dental problems. Fortunately for most people, the side effects disappear in a few months after the treatments are over.

Laura A

During the course of her treatments, she encountered physical changes, including hair loss, weight loss, and surgery scars. Since treatment, she has had to adjust to permanent changes in her body, including hearing loss and organ damage, among others. She has also had to learn new ways to chew food. The experience was physically difficult and at times very scary. Laura says


Historical note Pygeum africanum is a large, evergreen tree native to Africa. Its bark has been used medicinally for thousands of years by traditional African healers to treat bladder disorders, kidney disease, prostate disorders, and malaria, as well as male baldness and to enhance sexual functioning. Since the late 1960s, the extract has been used in clinical practice in Europe however, because of over-harvesting, the plant is now considered an endangered species and efforts are underway to protect it.

The Mane of a Lion

Hair is a sign of authority and defines the gender. The mane of a lion, the beard on a man, and the hair on top of the head are significant. Hair loss in a short time period, either completely or partially, is a sign of internal stress. Allopecia is the term commonly used. Your body requires additional minerals when stressed. Your body does not need hair on your head to survive. The minerals normally stored in the hair are used by the body as cellular spark plugs for chemical reactions to keep the engine going. The adrenal gland needs to be supported. Additional quality Omega 3 and 6 oils are required when you're under stress and experiencing quick hair loss. You need to determine the stressful source and address it, diminishing its emotional and physical effect. Supplement your diet with mineral-rich foods like alfalfa and Celtic Sea Salt. Avoid mineral-depleting sugar.

Petulance And Boils

A boil is a firm swelling (nodule) beneath the skin caused by the infection of a hair follicle. Thick, white or yellow pus accumulates and comes to a head. Boils may be associated with illness, being run-down, fatigue, or stress. Recurrent boils may be due to an infection or they may be a symptom of diabetes. SELF-HELP Bathe a boil with a solution of hypericum and calendula (see page 271). Never squeeze a boil, and if it bursts, let it drain naturally. Avoid handling food after dealing with boils. CAUTION If boils recur, are accompanied by fever or severe pain, or do not heal within a week, consult a doctor. HAIR LOSS with age, especially in men, and may be hereditary Hair loss may Great hair loss or graying of hair at a younger age than would normally be expected Hair loss possibly associated with eczema on the scalp Hair loss due to hormonal changes Greater hair loss than usual following childbirth or during menopause explanation for sudden hair loss, consult a doctor. explanation...


These vitamins have been isolated in foods and their chemical structures identified as part of the B group, although the activity of para amino benzoic acid (PABA) is quite different from other B vitamins. Biotin acts as a coenzyme in the metabolism of fats, carbohydrates, and protein. Prolonged use of antibiotics and antiseizure medicines interfere with its production. It is destroyed by raw egg white. The vitamin strengthens brittle nails and lowers blood glucose levels preventing diabetic neuropathy. Deficiency symptoms include fatigue, lack of appetite, dermatitis, hair loss, anemia, nausea, and depression.

Drug Interactions

John's wort extracts may lead to an increase in hair loss when taken in conjunction with other tricyclic antidepressants as well as selective SSRIs (38). Microscopic examination of patients showing hair loss revealed a mixed telogen and normal anagen morphology that suggests drug interaction (100).

Indications Nettle

Acne (f BGB FEL) Adenoma (1 BGB SHT) Adenopathy (f BIB JLH) Ague (f DEM MAB) Alactia (f CRC MAD) Allergy (f1 BGB HH3 MAB WAM) Alopecia (f APA WOI) Amenorrhea (f KAB) Anemia (f1 CRC FAD WAM) Arthrosis (f12 DEM FAD MAB PH2 NP9(2) 10 X10911825 X11962753 X11950004) Asthma (f1 CRC DAW MAB NPM) Ataxia (f DEM) Biliousness (f NPM) Bladder stones (f12 PHR PH2 NP9(2) 10) Bleeding (f1 CRC DEM FEL) Analgesic Anticonvulsant Bradycardic CNS Depressant Hemostatic Hyperglycemic (PNC FT68 387) Hypoglycemic (FT68 387) Hypotensive Hypothermic Pancreatonic (FT68 387) LD50 3625 mg kg ipr mus (CAN FT68 387). Infusion LD50 1929 mg kg ivn rat. HOH extract LD50 1721 mg kg ivn rat. The tea was well tolerated at levels of 1310 mg kg orally (Bombardelli and Morazzoni, 1997). LD50 infusion 1310 orl rat (MAB) acid, 14 octacosanol, oleanolic acid, secoisolariciresinol, and ursolic acid are listed as weak to moderate aromatase inhibitors found in the methanolic root extract. Aromatase is a key enzyme in steroid...

Indications Garlic

Abscess (fl DAA PNC) Acne (f FAD) Adenopathy (f JLH) Aegilops (f JLH) Aging (fl PH2) Allergy (fl AKT EGG) Alopecia (fl WHO WO2) Alzheimers (1 JN131 1010s) Amebiasis (f12 FAY PNC) Amenorrhea (fl BGB JFM LIB) Anemia (f DAD) Angina (fl FNF) Anorexia (f FAY) Anthrax (l Xl4598920) Appendicitis (l FAY PNC) Aphthae (l KAL) Arrhythmia (f EGG) Arteriosclerosis (l2 BGB BIS FAD KAL PH2) Arthrosis (fl FAD KAL PHR PH2 EB49 406) Asthma (fl PNC WHO) Atherosclerosis (fl23 AKT APA PHR SHT WHO) Athlete's Foot (fl2

Secondary Syphilis

Syphilis Face Rash

Other head and neck manifestations of secondary syphilis are related to the initial mucocutaneous rash (Fig. 3). Facial lesions will follow the hairline of the temporal and frontal scalp and also present with cracking papules at the corners of the lips. Involvement of hair follicles can lead to temporary alopecia in the scalp, beard, eyebrows, and eyelashes. There may be superficial scaling of the skin, including the face and neck, termed papulosquamous syphilids. Hypopigmented lesions called collaris veneris may appear on the lateral neck. Similar to the condylomata lata that develop in moist skin folds, the mucous membrane lesions of the rash may coalesce into lesions known as mucous patches (Fig. 4). They may present throughout the upper aerodigestive tract. Mucous patches are usually asymptomatic and appear as a slightly elevated flat plaque covered by a silvery gray membrane with a mildly erythematous periphery. As with the condylomata lata, these lesions are teeming with...

Indications Grape

Alopecia (1 PH2) Alzheimer's (1 COX FNF) Anaphylaxis (1 FNF) Anemia (f NAD PH2) Anorexia (f NAD) Arteriosclerosis (1 VAD) Arthrosis (1 BIB COX FNF) Asthma (1 BIB) Atherosclerosis FNF PH2) Biliousness (f BIB NAD) Bladder stone (f BIB NAD) Bleeding (f BIB FEL HHB) Blepharosis (f1 VAD) Boil (f SKJ) Bronchosis (f GHA) Bruise (f NAD) Cachexia (f BIB NAD) Cancer (f1 FNF JLH PH2) Cancer, abdomen (f1 DAD FNF) Cancer, breast (1 JAF51 7280) Cancer, colon (1 DAD FNF X12935318) Cancer, ear (f1 FNF JLH) Cancer, liver (f1 FNF JLH) Cancer, neck (f1 FNF JLH) Cancer, nose (f1 FNF JLH) Cancer, testicle (f1 FNF JLH) Cancer, throat (f1 FNF JLH) Cancer, tonsil (f1 FNF JLH) Cancer, uterus (f1 FNF JLH) Cancer, uvula (f1 FNF JLH) Candida (f NAD) Capillary Fragility (f1 BRU FNF PH2 VAD) Cardiopathy (f1 BIB FNF VAD) Caries (1 FNF MB) Catarrh (f NAD) Cholera (f BIB DAA) Circulosis (f PH2) Cold (f NAD) Condyloma (f JLH) Conjunctivosis (f1 BRU FNF VAD) Constipation (1 X12935318) Consumption (f DAA PH2) Corn (f...

Getting Help

Crystal Meth Pictures Paraphernalia

Changes in a user's appearance may include weight loss, hair loss, acne, tooth rot, skin infections and rashes, bad breath and dry mouth, dilated (enlarged) pupils, bloodshot eyes, and heavy sweating. Depending on the way a person is using a drug, he or she may develop a bleeding nose, track marks, or a cough that does not go away. Some users experience tremors (shakes) and seizures.

Sebaceous glands

The glands are sac-like and are usually attached to the side wall of hair follicles into which the secretions enter via a duct, but some open directly onto the skin surface. The glands are composed of epithelial cells that multiply, grow larger towards the centre and become filled with sebum. Eventually they burst, discharging sebum into the hair follicle.

The formula provides

Deficiency symptoms joint pain or stiffness, back ache, tooth decay, muscle cramps, hair loss (in extreme rickets in children, osteoporosis in adults). Deficiency symptoms dry skin, greyish skin colour, poor hair condition or hair loss, premature grey hair, leg cramps, tender or sore muscles, poor appetite or nausea, eczema or dermatitis, depression. Copper 75 micrograms (as citrate or other organic form) - Copper (found in peas, beans, whole grains, liver, seafood) is essential for the utilization of Vitamin C and is required to convert the body's iron into haemoglobin. Deficiency symptoms anaemia, edema, rheumatoid arthritis. In excess, copper lowers zinc levels and produces hair loss, insomnia, irregular menstruation, depression and schizophrenia. The balance of zinc and copper in the diet should be 15 1.

Medical Glossary

Acne a disorder of the skin caused by inflammation of the skin glands and hair follicles alopecia hair loss baldness absence of hair from skin areas where it is normally present boils furuncle tender, swollen areas of infection that usually form around hair follicles carbuncles swollen lumps or masses under the skin due to skin infections that often involve a group of hair follicles fluxes excessive flow or discharge furuncle infection of a hair follicle scabies a contagious skin disease characterised by itching, inflammation, hair loss and secondary bacterial infection.

Skin Conditions

Alopecia (hair loss) is common in both men and women with Down's syndrome. Alopecia areata is the term used to describe patchy hair loss, which is not due to infection or drugs. The bald patches have distinct borders, with no hair thinning in other areas of the scalp. Alopecia totalis can also occur. Rarely, hair loss can occur all over the body this is known as alopecia universalis. Once again, an autoimmune process is thought to be responsible for these conditions, with antibodies being specifically manufactured against hair follicles. Alopecia areata is more common in adults with Down's syndrome, occurring in 5-9 per cent of this population (compared with 1-2 per cent of the general population). A gene implicated in the cause of alopecia areata has been found on the 21st chromosome. There is no cure at present for alopecia treatment is currently aimed at helping hair re-growth, but it cannot stop the spread of hair loss. The first line of treatment for adults is injection of...

Indications Aloe

Abrasions (f1 WHO) Abscess (f CAN DLZ) Acne (f CRC WHO) Acrochordons (f CRC) Adenopathy (f DEP) Alopecia (f CRC DAV KAP) Amenorrhea (f CRC PH2) Anemia (f WHO) Apoplexy (f DEP) Arthrosis (f1 CAN EGG WO3) Asthma (f12 CAN DLZ EGG KAP PNC RCP9(1) NP9(2) 8) Bacteria (1 APA PH2 NP9(2) 8) Baldness (f CRC) Bite (f ULW) Bleeding (f CRC) Blindness (f WHO) Boil (f AAB) Bronchosis (1 CAN WO3) Bruise (f1 JFM WHO) Bugbite (f1 APA ULW) Burn (f1 AAB CAN ULW VOD WAM WHO X15751795) Cancer (f1 FNF, JAD JLH PH2) Cancer, anus (f1 CRC JLH) Cancer, breast (f1 CRC JLH) Cancer, larynx (f1 CRC JLH) Cancer, lip (f1 CRC JLH) Cancer, liver (f1 l CRC JLH) Cancer, lymph (f DEP) Cancer, nose (f1 CRC JLH) Cancer, skin (f1 CRC JLH) Cancer, stomach (f1 CRC JLH PH2) Cancer, tongue (f EGG JLH) Cancer, uterus (f CRC JLH) Cerebrosis (f DLZ) Childbirth (f CRC DAA) Cholecystosis (f JFM) Cold (f CRC JFM) Colic (f DEP KAP PH2) Colitis (f12 JFM X15199891 X15043514) Condyloma (f CRC JLH) Congestion (f DLZ) Conjunctivosis (f EGG...


The immunosuppressant treatment for SLE will vary depending on the patient's clinical characteristics. Medications commonly used include aza-thioprine, mycophenolate mofetil, and intravenous cyclophosphamide (15). Many pediatric rheumatology centers will use intravenous cyclopho-sphamide for treating active lupus nephritis and other serious organ involvement of SLE (16). IV cyclophosphamide is generally given as a once monthly treatment for 6 to 7 months, with further treatments dependant on response. Among the many possible side effects of cyclophosphamide is thinning hair or significant hair loss this is often very distressing to the patients.

Physical Examination

Pubic and axillary hair is preserved, and there is an increase in light, thin hair ('peach fuzz') on the face and neck, back, arms, and thighs (lanugo hair). Patients have low body temperature and poor tolerance to cold exposure because of their malnutrition-induced lowered metabolic rate and the loss of insulation of the diminished subcutaneous tissue. Layers of clothing tend to hide their cachectic appearance. Bradycardia and hypotension are common and secondary to decreased sympathetic drive due to malnutrition.


Symptoms Extreme physical fatigue and mental sluggishness, leading to listlessness and apathy. Possible causes include mental or emotional strain such as overwork, exam nerves (see right), grief, or shock (see above). Drug abuse or severe loss of fluids may also trigger this form of exhaustion. Hair loss or premature graying of the hair may be associated symptoms if acute shock, grief, or stress is the cause. Headaches (see right), lack of concentration, poor memory, and insomnia may also occur.

Prozac 415

The general signs include dwarfism, baldness, a pinched nose, small face and jaw relative to head size, delayed tooth formation, aged skin, stiff joints, hip dislocations, generalized atherosclerosis, and cardiovascular problems. The children have a remarkably similar appearance despite racial background, and they tend to have above-average intelligence.

Common Ginger

Sialogogues Examples

Used to treat bleeding, chest congestion, cholera, cold, diarrhoea, dropsy, dysmenorrhoea, nausea, stomachache, and also for baldness, cancer, rheumatism, snakebite and toothache. 8 It is also used as postpartum protective medicine, treatment for dysentery, treatment for congestion of the liver, complaints with the urino-genital system female reproduction system and sinus. 10 Besides that, it is used to alleviate nausea, as a carminative, circulatory stimulant and to treat inflammation and bacterial infection. 3 The Commision E approved the internal use of ginger for dyspepsia and prevention of motion sickness. 11 The British Herbal Compendium indicates ginger for atonic dyspepsia, colic, vomiting of pregnancy, anorexia, bronchitis and rheumatic complaints.1 12 European Scientific Cooperative on Phytotherapy (ESCOP) indicates its use for prophylaxis of the nausea and vomiting of motion sickness and to alleviate nausea after minor surgical procedures. 13

Drugs In Hair

Hair is nonliving tissue composed primarily of a sulfur-rich protein called keratin. Hair growth occurs at a rate of 0.3 to 0.4 millimeters (0.011 to 0.012 inches) per day from the follicle (a saclike organ in the skin) in cycles of active growth followed by a resting phase. For an adult, approximately 85 percent of scalp hair is in the growing stage at any time. Two sets of glands are associated with the follicle The sebaceous glands, which excrete sebum (a waxy substance), and the apocrine glands, which excrete an oil that coats the hair. Hair color is determined by genetic programming for varying amounts of melanin, a pigment that is synthesized in hair cells called melanocytes.

Dietary Patterns

More than 30 percent of men and more than 40 percent of women take a daily multivitamin mineral supplement. Doses of about 100 percent of the Daily Value (DV) of most nutrients are common in these supplements. Although nutrition experts agree that the average American does not need supplements, there is little harm in taking them. Problems can arise, however, when individual nutrients are taken. Megadoses of certain minerals and relatively low supplemental doses of certain fat-soluble vitamins can lead to toxicity. For example, a surplus of vitamin A can lead to cheilitis (cracking and inflammation of the lips), dryness of the nasal mucosa and eyes, hair loss, and, eventually, liver damage. Megadoses of vitamin D can lead to the calcification of soft tissues, such as the lungs, heart, and kidneys.


Thyroid hormone plays a critical role in regulating metabolism. In hypothyroidism, the basal metabolic rate is decreased due to a lack of thyroid hormone, resulting in bradycardia, cold intolerance, alopecia, and weight gain. Neurologic symptoms are relatively common in hypothyroidism and include paresthesias in up to 80 of patients as well as ataxia, coma, headache, seizure, cerebellar signs, and psychosis (132,133). Cranial nerve involvement has also been reported, with the vestibulocochlear nerve most commonly affected in 15 to 31 of patients with hypothyroidism (132). Involvement of the facial nerve is considered rare. Its mechanism is thought to be a compressive phenomenon. In hypothyroidism, myxedematous infiltration and swelling of the soft tissue are hypothesized to have a compressive effect on the facial nerve through the tight confines of the fallopian canal. Anecdotal reports of facial nerve decompression in hypothyroidism have been described (134), but additional reports...


Magnesium acts as an important catalyst for many enzymes, and assists in calcium assimilation. It is one of the three most important elements in teeth and bone. The mouth will show deficiencies as slow alveolar bone formation and slow tooth eruption. There may even be gum swelling and weak periodontal fibers. Magnesium deficiency may be indicated by calcium deposits in soft tissue, kidney stones, cramps, hair loss, and irritability.


Thyroid Gland The gas pedal of your body. The thyroid gland is located in the mid- throat region and is responsible for many functions including keeping you warm. This gland is commonly stressed by chlorine from showers and pools. It controls calcium and affects cholesterol levels. Common body signals of a weakened thyroid gland include chronic constipation, thin hair, and morning headaches that wear off as the day progresses. You can monitor the function of your thyroid gland by monitoring your arm pit temperature first thing in the morning for 10 minutes. The temperature normally should be 97.8 degrees. The thyroid responds to organic iodine and flax oil. The liver needs to be functioning optimally assisting the body to create thyroid hormone available for use. CD programs available on-line.

Indications Myrrh

Abrasion (1 CAN) Adnexitis (f MAD) Alopecia (f MAD NAD) Amenorrhea (f BGB DEP FEL MAD NAD PH2) Aphthae (1 CAN) Arthrosis (1 GHA) Arteriosclerosis (f MAD) Asthma (f1 APA DEP FEL) Athlete's Foot (1 SKY) Bacteria (1 JNP64 1460) Bedsores (f APA) Bladder stone (f BIB) Boils (f PNC) Bronchosis (f1 APA BGB DEP FEL) Bruise (f BOW) Cancer (f APA PH2) Cancer, abdomen (f PH2) Cancer, colon (f PH2) Candidiasis (f1 BGB NAD) Canker Sore (1 APA SKY) Carbuncle (f PH2) Caries (f FEL NAD) Catarrh (f BGB CAN FEL) Chilblain (f BIB) Chlorosis (f BIB DEP NAD) Circulosis (f BOW) Cold (f1 BGB CAN GHA SKY) Congestion (f1 APA BGB DEP) Consumption (f MAD) Cough


Horsetail is one of the oldest of plants and a long-used folk remedy for the urinary system, cystitis, incontinence, bedwetting, and prostate problems. It is the leading source of plant silica, and so helps where this mineral is deficient, as shown by symptoms like brittle nails, thin hair, and allergies. Externally, it is good for rheumatism, chilblains, and skin problems, and helps wounds, joints, and sprains to heal.

Ritalin 433

The infection usually begins as a small pimple that gets larger and larger, leaving scaly patches of temporary baldness infected hair is brittle and breaks off easily. Sometimes there is a yellow cuplike crusty area. The infection usually appears 10 to 14 days after contact.


Most women do not lose their hair while they are receiving Platinol AQ. However, Taxol usually causes hair loss. Hair loss can be very difficult for some women. Your hair may be an important part of how you see yourself as a woman. There are several different ways to cope with hair loss. Some women get a wig. If you plan on getting a wig, you may want to do so before you lose your hair so it can be matched to your natural hair color. Some insurance companies cover wigs for chemotherapy patients. Check to see if your plan covers a skull prosthesis for side effects of cancer treatment. Hair loss usually starts between 10 and 14 days after your first chemotherapy infusion. Some women shave their heads before their hair falls out so they will feel more in charge. Assembling a collection of scarves and hats is a good idea. Asking friends and family members to find you unique head coverings can be a way for you to involve them.

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Hair Loss Prevention

The best start to preventing hair loss is understanding the basics of hair what it is, how it grows, what system malfunctions can cause it to stop growing. And this ebook will cover the bases for you. Note that the contents here are not presented from a medical practitioner, and that any and all dietary and medical planning should be made under the guidance of your own medical and health practitioners. This content only presents overviews of hair loss prevention research for educational purposes and does not replace medical advice from a professional physician.

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