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This type of group therapy is contraindicated for patients who are suicidal, paranoid, and extremely aggressive. It is also contraindicated with patients who cannot attend to group process because of severe cognitive impairment, severe hearing loss, language difficulty, or for patients who constantly devalue others in an attempt to boost their own egos.

It is very important for the therapist to embrace the belief that older people can grow and make changes and to completely rid himself or herself of the negative belief, "You cannot teach an old dog new tricks." The therapist also needs to feel comfortable with geriatric patients and if the therapist is quite a bit younger than his or her patients, he or she must be consistently aware of countertransferential issues in which the group members may be turned either into parents or grandparents and not actually seen in reality.


Rush, A.J. (1983). Cognitive therapy of depression. Journal of Psychiatric Clinical

North America, 6(1), 105-127. Thompson, L.W., Gantz, F., & Florsheim, M. (1991). Cognitive-behavioral therapy in affective disorders in the elderly. In W.A. Myers (Ed.). New Techniques in the Psychotherapy of Older Patients (pp. 3-19). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press.

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Exploring EFT

Exploring EFT

EFT stands for Emotional Freedom Technique. It works to free the user of both physical and emotional pain and relieve chronic conditions by healing the physical responses our bodies make after we've been hurt or experienced pain. While some people do not carry the effects of these experiences, others have bodies that hold onto these memories, which affect the way the body works. Because it is a free and fast technique, even if you are not one hundred percent committed to whether it works or not, it is still worth giving it a shot and seeing if there is any improvement.

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