Possible contraindications for using figurative language would be with a group in which there are members who are highly concrete or when the primary language being spoken in the group is a second language for some of the members. In these cases, the nuances and abstractions of figurative language may be alienating or distracting to part or all of the group members.


Barlow, J.M., Fine H.J., Pollio, H.R. & Pollio, M.R. (1977). Psychology and the Poetics of Growth: Figurative Language in Psychology, Psychotherapy, and Education. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Yeomans, F.E., Clarkin, J. F„ Altschul, E. & Hull, J.W. (1992). The Role of Figurative Language in the Induction Phase of an Expressive Psychotherapy. Journal of Psychotherapy Practice and Research 1: 270-279.

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