Contraindica Tions

This therapeutic intervention is contraindicated for use with very aggressive children. Chinchillas are sensitive to touch and can be harmed by being held/squeezed aggressively.

Those children who are withdrawn and shy can benefit greatly from this intervention.

REFERENCES

Fine, A. (2000). Animals and Therapists: Incorporating Animals in Outpatient Psychotherapy. In A. Fine (Ed.), Handbook on Animal-Assisted Therapy (pp. 179211). New York: Academic Press.

Freud, S. (1913). "Totem and Taboo." In Standard Edition, Volume 13. London: Hogarth Press, 1981.

Freud, S. (1921). "Group Psychology and the Analysis of the Ego." In Standard Edition, Volume 18. London: Hogarth Press, 1981.

Holcomb, R. & Meacham, M. (1989). "Effectiveness of an Animal-Assisted Therapy Program in an Inpatient Psychiatric Unit." Anthrozoƶs, 2:259-264.

Levinson, B. (1964). "Pets: A Special Technique in Child Psychotherapy." Mental Hygiene, 48:243-8.

Levinson, B. (1969). Pet-Oriented Child Psychotherapy. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas.

Prothmann, A., Bienert, M. & Ettrich, C. (2006). "Dogs in Child Psychotherapy: Effects on State of Mind." Anthrozoos, 19:265-284.

Schaefer, C.E. & Millman, H.L. (1994). How to Help Children with Common Problems. Northvale, NJ: Jason Aronson.

Schneider, S. (1990). "Transitional Objects, the Holding Environment and Empathy." In S.Schneider & C.Deutsch (Eds.). Boundaries in Adolescence. Jerusalem: Summit Institute (Hebrew).

Slavson, S.R. (1940). "Foundations of Group Therapy with Children." In S. Slav-son, Dynamics of Group Psychotherapy (pp. 523-537). New York: Jason Aronson.

Sussman, M. (Ed.). (1985). Pets and the Family. Binghamton, NY: The Haworth Press.

"Am I My Mother's Daughter?" Eliciting Self-Awareness in the Transmission of Gender Roles Through Family Role Models

Leyla Navaro

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