Contraindica Tions

I have found few contraindications for this intervention and believe it is a powerful adjunct to successful therapy. Occasionally, a member might have experienced severe trauma that becomes activated through intense exploration of oppressive processes in group. This does not preclude utilizing social justice interventions, but may mean postponing this intervention until such time that the member has sufficient resources to effectively work in this way.


Albee, G.W. (1998). Fifty years of clinical psychology: Selling our soul to the devil.

Applied and Preventative Psychology, 7, 189-194. Albee, G.W. (2000). Critique of psychotherapy in American society. In C.R. Snyder & R.E. Ingram (Eds.), Handbook of psychological change: Psychotherapy processes & practices for the 21st century (pp. 689-706). New York: Wiley. Arredondo, P., Toporek, R., Brown, S.P., Jones, J., Locke, D., Sanchez, J., et al. (1999). Operationalization of the multicultural counseling competencies. Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, 24, 42-78. Freire, P. (1995). Pedagogy of the oppressed. New York: Continuum. Katz, J. (1985). The sociopolitical nature of counseling. The Counseling Psychologist, 13, 615-624.

Prilleltensky, I., Dokecki, P., Frieden, G., & Wang, V.O. (2007). Counseling for wellness and justice: Foundations and ethical dilemmas. In E. Aldarondo (Ed.), Advancing social justice through clinical practice (pp. 19-42). Mahah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

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