Contraindica Tions

Contraindications to group membership include combining girls who are of the same chronological age but at different cognitive or social developmental levels. If these differences are not taken into consideration when forming the group, peer rejection and feelings of frustration may impede the growth of the group and the acquisition of critical anger management skills. Consideration of these contraindications leads to a greater probability that the group environment will be one in which members will learn practical and healthy ways of relating to their peers and gain understanding of their own feelings and behaviors.


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Delpit, L. (1995). Other people's children: Cultural conflict in the classroom. New York: The New Press.

Fuhriman, A. & Burlingame, G. (Eds.) (1999). Handbook of group psychotherapy: An empirical and clinical synthesis. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Hurley, D. (1984). Resistance and work in adolescent groups. In R. Kolodny, & J. Garland (Eds.). Groupwork with children and adolescents (pp. 71-81). Bing-hamton, NY: The Haworth Press.

Levine, D. (2005). Teaching empathy: A blueprint for caring, compassion, and community. Bloomington, IN: Solution Tree.

Assertiveness How To Stand-Up For Yourself

Assertiveness How To Stand-Up For Yourself

The dictionary defines assertiveness as,

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