Conclusion And Contraindications

The group's coaching provided support but self-efficacy is more achievable when the accomplishment is internalized and more likely to generalize outside of group. The theory of self-regulated behavior suggested by Bandura (1977), illustrates this: "intrinsic reinforcement that comes from self-evaluation is much more influential than the extrinsic reinforcement dispensed by others" (p. 333.)

Creating new patterns at home was an achievable goal provided consistency was maintained. The group experience provided positive and negative reinforcement when lapses in my behavior occurred. Donigan and Malnati (1987) suggest that assignments outside of the group help reinforce group behaviors, which were learned and practiced within the group.

In relation to contraindications for this exercise there are very few, if any, although it is important that the therapist be acutely aware of the ego strength and developmental stage of the client involved. The salient question posed to the therapist by himself or herself is "Is this client ready to take on this task in an environment where the client is now alone without the support of the group?" If the affirmative is decided, the client becomes aware that the therapist and the group have belief in his or her abilities to succeed with the task at hand, which is in itself a powerful reinforcement.

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