Clients Responses To The Intervention

Pregnant and nonpregnant women found a common ground in this discussion about an addition to the contract. The childless woman in the group admitted she found it difficult but very helpful being in a group with pregnant women. She felt that she could be around preg-

Expect the Unexpected,

nant women comfortably and she stated that this particular case had been an emergency.

The patient, who is not a natural-born U.S. citizen, and who brought her baby into the group disclosed that she would have never dared to do this in her country of origin, which opened discussions of what is appropriate and not appropriate for a situation.

This, also, opened an interesting conversation about the negative feelings some had felt about the event which led to feelings of ambivalence and how to take care of the little child inside of oneself.


This intervention was useful in an ongoing psychodynamic group. As a group therapist I found it important to show my own limitations as well as the need to take care of myself and of the group. Boundaries between self and others become more blurred during pregnancy and the group therapist needs to be consistently aware of this possibility occurring in this particular type of group.

The contraindications of this procedure are an aspect of the therapeutic process and lie within the professionalism of the therapist. My own vision of the group had become less clear as well. I had not previously seen or predicted a "group within the group." Once I became aware of its existence, I chose to draw the boundary and alter the contract around the women in the ongoing group "sans babies."


Bernárdez, T. (1996). Conflicts with Anger and Power in Women's Groups. In B. DeChant (Ed.), Women and Group Psychotherapy (pp.190-197). New York: The Guilford Press. Nitsun, M. (1996). The Anti Group. New York: Routledge. Oakley, A. (1996). Short Term Women's Groups as Spaces for Integration. In B. DeChant (Ed.), Women & Group Psychotherapy (pp. 264-266). New York: The Guilford Press.

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