An Intervention Of Eight Stages

The orientation of groups was cognitive behavioral and included social skills training, cognitive restructuring, problem solving, and the curative factors associated with dynamic group psychotherapy (Wong, 2005). Cognitive behavioral principles and techniques were used to target the conceptual elements of hardiness so as to heighten one's tendency toward resiliency and improve current adjustment and functioning. The primary focus was on the here and now and on the future. Group sessions were in the sequential order as described in the following section.

Group 1

The therapist should welcome patients, discuss confidentiality, acquire informed consent, and perform introductions. Next, the therapist should define resiliency, provide a rationale for hardiness enhancement therapy, and provide an overview of groups that will follow. A description of the typical techniques of cognitive behavioral therapy that will be utilized and their impact on the interaction of cognition, affect, and behavior should follow. Also inquire about a general rating of each individual's confidence level (1-10) in improving his or her current situation. Introduce the concept of perceptions and the benefits of reframing realities and have the group brainstorm and share about others who have overcome significant obstacles.

Groups 2-3

Review the benefits of a hardy attitude to include the dimensions of commitment, control, and challenge. Use techniques such as weighing the pros and cons of the current situation and emphasize the positive aspects of change. Explore personal strengths and determine how to utilize them to create a positive impact. Help patients to steer clear of minimizing their power to make changes, even if these changes are limited to improvements about themselves. Have group members discuss opportunities that have been lost in the past but have led to new ones. This is done in order to generate an acceptance that change is normal and often exciting.

Group 4

Review how healthy attitudes lead to hardy coping. Use the group process to challenge each member to face their dilemmas and to make appropriate changes or improvements. Further, use the process to help members avoid blaming others and to take personal responsibility for their lives. Reintroduce reframing and have members reframe each other's situations if patients are at an impasse. Explore new meaning or purposes that are garnered by change or the current stressor.

The 10 Keys To Happiness

The 10 Keys To Happiness

Simple Ways to Be Happy and Enjoy Your Life Regardless of Circumstances. Happiness is the underlying foundation that influences the quality of life. Have you ever seen someone who lives in a small house and has an older car? They may not be rich in terms of material things, but they are beyond rich in their happiness.

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