Bridging As a Tool to Avoid Scapegoating

A good scapegoat is nearly as welcomed as a solution to the problem. The concept of scapegoating, a unified dislike or hatred of one member by the majority of the group, is often misunderstood as a phenomenon that is done to a member of a group rather than a collusion between a group and a member's defensive patterns Gans, 1989 . The role of the scapegoat is often placed upon a group member by the remainder of the group as a way to disavow negative thoughts, feelings, or behaviors that they may...

Contraindications

This type of group therapy is contraindicated for patients who are suicidal, paranoid, and extremely aggressive. It is also contraindicated with patients who cannot attend to group process because of severe cognitive impairment, severe hearing loss, language difficulty, or for patients who constantly devalue others in an attempt to boost their own egos. It is very important for the therapist to embrace the belief that older people can grow and make changes and to completely rid himself or...