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Emphasized F2

—3

+8

We quantified these data by coding the placements as deviations from the midpoint of the reference object toward a functional part, with deviations toward Fi coded arbitrarily as negative, and toward F2 coded arbitrarily as positive. The two columns in Table 3.1 present deviations reported as percentages of the distance between the midpoint and the functional part, as a function of video condition and spatial term. Negative values indicate a bias toward Fi, and positive values indicate a bias toward F2. The deviations for "above" and "below" were not significantly different from 0, indicating geometrically based placements around the midpoint of the object. In contrast, the placements for "near" in the F2 context differed significantly from placements in the Fi context and in the neutral context, indicating that the video served to highlight the F2 function and bias placements accordingly. Placements in the Fi and neutral context did not differ, both exhibiting a bias toward Fi, indicating that it is a salient part of the reference object. Note, however, that the size of these deviations is quite small. In sum, these data show that emphasizing a part of the reference object prior to the placement task minimally alters where participants place an unrelated object in response to a spatial description.

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