Goal Setting Motivational Software

Goalsontrack Smart Goal Setting Software

GoalsOnTrack.com is one of its kind goal-oriented web based application. The software has been designed to assist people in setting, tracking, and reaching personal and professional goals. This web based application keeps track of your progress towards the goal. The primary objective of this web application as it annunciates is getting things done. GoalsOnTrack has a very basic sign-up all you need is a valid email address. A speedy confirmation is sent to your inbox with details on how to log-in. Once you log-in you have a nicely design dashboard where you can begin recording your goals. After your goals for the week, month, or even year has been entered the task editor will quickly organize the objectives in order of importance. Everyday a checklist of the things you need to do appears under each specific goal. As you complete them percentage of progress status is highlighted. The journal operates as a blog or notepad. Past entries are automatically archived. Read more...

Goalsontrack Smart Goal Setting Software Summary


4.7 stars out of 14 votes

Contents: Software
Creator: Vancouver IT Services, Inc.
Official Website: www.goalsontrack.com
Price: $9.95

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My Goalsontrack Smart Goal Setting Software Review

Highly Recommended

Some users might complain that the default interface is more complicated than it needs to be. If you just panicked grab a quick drink and relax because this baby has a full customizable interface.

However, Goalsontrack Smart Goal Setting Software is a fairly good program considering the standard and depth of the material it provides. In addition to being effective and its great ease of use, this software makes worth every penny of its price.

Why you should put this book down and set your goals right now

To conclude this chapter, I'd like to tell you why you should put this book down this very minute and write out your goals - NOW. In 1987, I read a book by peak performance coach Anthony Robbins called Unlimited Power. I was so impressed with its contents that shortly after, I purchased Robbins' tape series called Personal Power after seeing him on TV. In those tapes, Robbins discussed the importance of setting goals. As I listened to the cassette on goal setting, Robbins urged me to stop the tape now and do the goal setting exercise. There was a brief pause in the tape and then Tony came back on and repeated his instructions. He said in a teasing voice, If you just kept listening and you didn't stop the tape and write down your goals, stop the tape and do it now. Guess what I did I just kept listening. I said to myself I know what my goals are, I don't need to do any 'corny' goal setting exercise, so I just kept listening to the rest of the tape (dumb, dumb, dumb ) Frustrated with my...

Read your affirmations your goal list at least twice a day and always keep your goals in front of you and on your mind

Once you've set all your goals and written your affirmations, use the power of repetition even more by literally keeping your goals in front of you all day long. Post your goal statements in a conspicuous place such as your refrigerator, your bathroom mirror or in your daily appointment book. Keep a goal card of your 90-day goal in your pocket. Paste them onto the dashboard of your car. Stick them on the top of your computer monitor so you have to look at them all day long.

Brief Problem Solving and Goal Setting

A fourth option is to assist the family with problem solving or goal setting which can be accomplished in the context of a few family meetings. This may be appropriate for some circumscribed family problems, or if the therapist believes that a few, relatively small behavior changes might make a big

Burn the Fat Feed the Muscle is not a generic onesizefitsall program its individualized for your goals and your body

Certain universal nutrition laws apply to everyone. Once you've established a solid foundation by mastering these nutrition fundamentals (also known as baseline nutrition ), then you need to adjust your nutrition plan to fit your goals and your body type. This program was developed to identify and accommodate for the many differences in individual metabolisms and body chemistries.

Establish the emotional reasons why you want to achieve your goals

After you've set your goals in terms of a specific weight, body fat, etc, then continue to re-write an entire list of goals with as much emotional impact as possible. In particular, answer these two questions (1) What's important to me about reaching my goal (2) Why is that important Some additional questions you might ask yourself to add emotional impact to your goal list include Who do you want to look like Who is your physique role model Do you want to look like a bodybuilder, an athlete, or a model Do you want to impress anyone Do you want to prove something Do you want more energy so you can enjoy certain sports or activities more Do you want to win a contest or award Do you want more self-confidence Do you want to look great in a certain type of clothes Do you want to look good for a certain event (vacation, wedding, reunion, etc.) Do you want to look great on the beach Do you want to attract someone of the opposite sex Answering these questions will help you uncover the driving...

Revisit Your Goals

It is also helpful to periodically measure your progress by looking back at your goals. What were they Even if you didn't accomplish every goal, consider what gains you have made. Depending on when you set your goals, it might be time to set some new ones, or to modify your original objectives. If you didn't set any specific goals, perhaps now is the time to do it. Measuring your progress is a great way to maintain your perspective, even if there are bumps in the road.

Power to achieve any goal you desire

All the knowledge in the world is useless if you can't get yourself to apply it. What's the difference between someone who knows what to do and someone who does what they know Why is it that some days you just can't get motivated to work out Why do you sometimes have those lapses in willpower Why do you follow a diet for weeks and then fall off the wagon Why do you sabotage yourself These things only happen when you don't know how to set goals properly and you don't understand how to harness the power of your subconscious mind. The human subconscious mind is a cybernetic goal-seeking mechanism similar to those used to guide missiles or torpedoes to their target. In this program, I will teach you how to set powerful, compelling goals and unleash the virtually unlimited power locked in your mind. Using goal setting, psychology, psycho-cybernetic principles, neuro-linguistic programming (NLP), visualization and affirmations, you'll be able to erase the negative programming of the past...

Be patient in the beginning all the information in the early chapters will come together in the end

Right into place all at once and you'll experience a sort of nutritional enlightenment. But you can't reach this enlightened final state of knowledge and understanding without first passing through all the necessary initial stages and learning the fundamentals from the ground up. It's especially important that you begin with chapter one on goal setting and complete all the goal setting exercises before going on to the rest of the book. Once you've read through the entire manual once, then put together your personal plan using what you've learned, and start immediately The secret to finishing anything is starting it.

What you should do every time you reach a goal

Goal setting never stops - it's an ongoing process. In truth, there never really is an ultimate goal because if there were, and you reached it, what then When the day arrives that you no longer have any goals, your life ceases to have meaning. Success is traveling towards the goal, not the goal itself. Anthony Robbins wrote in Unleash the Power Within, The only true security in life comes from knowing that every single day you are improving yourself in some way - that you are increasing the caliber of who you are. I don't ever worry about maintaining the quality of my life, because every day I work on improving it.

Setting Goals for Physical Recovery

In the field of rehabilitation, we spend a fair amount of time setting goals for the people we treat. Often we set goals in conjunction with the therapists (physical and occupational) with whom we work. We emphasize goal-setting for several reasons. First, we want to know as objectively as possible how a patient is progressing. Is what we are doing helping the person recover Second, setting goals helps to motivate patients they understand more about how healing works and what reasonable expectations are. Third, insurance companies require that we 4. Identify Obstacles Consider the obstacles that might keep you from achieving your goals and address them (lack of time to exercise, etc.). 5. Enlist Support Identify who can help you achieve your goals and decide what assistance you need. 6. Refer Back Plan to read your goals over once a week so that you get in the habit of checking them and can make adjustments as necessary. People have much greater success in accomplishing their goals if...

Developing Instruments for Extracting Data on Quality of Professional Care from the Care Documentation InDEX

As care theories suggested, the assessment of documentation of the care planning and care interventions was an important part of the InDEX instrument. In the first phase of InDEX development this was based on phases of the care process. The variables covered needs assessment, goal setting, selection of care interventions, assessing the needs responsiveness of care and the degree of goal achievement and the quality of the interventions. To start with, questions were developed using the Handbook for documentation of City of Helsinki as a basis (City of Helsinki, 2002). In the later phases of the instrument development, the results of the crosswalk between the care theories were used to bring the assessment into agreement with the four dimensions of care and the CK quality matrix (Chapter 5).

Foundational Concepts

Applicability Goal orientation It is obvious that the presented concepts are fundamentally different regarding the extent they embody certain design goals and regarding their problem-solving power for specific design problems. Goal orientation (vs. neutrality) is strongly related to applicability (vs. generality) Although design artifacts of every type (except instantiations) can be defined on different levels of generality, the typical generality decreases when moving up in the concept hierarchy. In addition to utility, generality is an important quality of design science research artifacts 1 . Baskerville et al. 12 demand a design science research artifact to represent . a general solution to a class of problems. In addition to applicability goal orientation vs. generality neutrality, design artifacts can be classified regarding the problem solution phase they support While the same system of foundational concepts should be used both in the assessment and construction phases of a...

You Do and Pace Yourself

The process of recovering from any serious illness involves changing, at least for a time, what the ill individual accomplishes. When you are physically challenged, you don't have the same ability to do what you usually do. It's as simple as that. Achieving your goals has a great deal to do with prioritizing activities and with pacing yourself so that you can do the things you decide are most important.

An Alternative Model to Advance Self Help

The current framework adopted by psychologists when interfacing with self-help is not achieving the desired goals (Rosen, Glasgow, & Moore, 2003). If we continue along the current paths that have been documented in this chapter, then all we can expect in 2050 is a new set of review articles that praise the usually helpful, and otherwise benign programs of the day. These programs will be written by the current experts, whoever they may be, perhaps under titles such as Don't Be Afraid, Mind Power, or Coping with Panic. And just as we had no way of knowing if the 1976 Don't Be Afraid was an improvement on the one published in 1941, so will we have no way of knowing if things are any better in 2050.

Health Care Setting and Health Care Provider Related Factors

The amount of direct communication between a doctor and child has been shown to be positively associated with adherence (71). The need for health-related information and effective communication with doctors and other health care providers are major concerns for adolescents (72). Research has shown the relatively passive involvement of young people during consultations, with parent-doctor interactions dominating, and information-giving being directed at the parent as opposed to the young person (73,74). When patients are encouraged to actively participate in decisions concerning their care, they may be more committed to those decisions and ultimately achieve higher levels of adherence (59). In addition, patient-centered care as opposed to condition-focused care will also have a beneficial impact on adherence (61,75). Key features of good doctor-patient interaction are shared goal setting, written management plans and regular follow-up (59,75), i.e. all characteristics that perfectly...

The Testing Limits Program

Insulin Independence, an organization for youths with type 1 diabetes, has a program called Testing Limits. This program teaches children and teens that there are no limits to a life with diabetes, and demonstrates how exercise plays a vital role in one's health. Program participants are taught to understand the process of goal setting and the expansion of one's own mental and physical abilities. During the months prior to a Testing Limits Youth Expedition, children or teens with diabetes are paired with type 1 staff mentors, who help the youths prepare for their forthcoming adventure. Once the trip begins, youths are encouraged to rely on one another for support as they confront new challenges despite their diabetes.

Educational Strategies

Patient's previous illness experiences, knowledge and beliefs, rather than providing one-way information (17). Learning formats can be highly variable and can encompass booklets, lectures, role-plays, contracting, goal setting and sharing experiences (83). It is crucial to use a stepwise approach, that is, information must not be overwhelming pace, amount and presentational style need to be tailored to the child's age, cultural background, and language, as well as their cognitive and intellectual abilities (17). Use short sentences and avoid jargon (4). At the end of the education process, the adolescent can be asked to re-iterate the information, in order to monitor the level of understanding (4). Formal evaluation can be performed by interview, fill-in-the-blank or multiple-choice questionnaires, and situational role-play. Education best can be repeated during clinical follow-up visits, particularly with a disease such as chronic rheumatic diseases in which symptoms wax and wane...

Consistent Use of Your Medication

The self-guided care box on page 30 is designed to provide you with opportunities to think through and clarify your goals for using medications as tools to help control your bipolar disorder. Writing out your responses will help you better articulate your reasons and will also provide you with a written record for review at a later time.

What To Expect In Psychotherapy

Once you decide which type of psychotherapy is the best fit for you, you may wonder what the experience will be like. If you've never been in therapy before, it can understandably be overwhelming at first. Most therapies involve meeting with a therapist once a week, but this varies depending on the severity of your symptoms and how you're doing at a particular time. Sessions usually last about fifty minutes, but again, this may vary depending on your goals and level of distress. Most therapies are designed to be short-term, meaning that treatment will probably last twelve to sixteen weeks.

Documented Professional Quality of Homecare and Client Outcomes

In Care Keys, professional quality of homecare was measured through the examination of care documentation (docQoC) checking whether there was a reference to certain elements of care quality, care risk or outcomes in the documentation. A five-factor solution suggested that the use of external resources from the wider community and especially the involvement of the informal carers were important dimensions of docQoC (first factor), but so were also the quality of individual care plans and the degree of goal orientation in care (second factor) as well as the processes of evaluation of the quality of home-care (third factor). The fourth factor appears to combine involvement of physician and teamwork, connected with two clinical outcomes pressure ulcers and falls. The fifth factor describes active prevention strategies and monitoring of changes in clients' conditions. None of the factors have a good internal consistence, although the first three are close to it (Table 8.4).

Pinpointing your perfect carbohydrate intake

In a previous chapter, you learned that the two extremes - very low or very high carbohydrate diets - are not the most effective approaches for permanent fat loss. That leaves a lot of room in the middle. The goal of this chapter is to help you narrow down this wide gap and pinpoint the perfect carbohydrate intake for you based on your goals and your body type.

Summary And Evaluation

Personality can also be revealed by how people select projects and tasks to pursue in life. If you know what a person really wants out of life, then you probably know that person fairly well. Our goals define us, and the strategies with which we pursue those desires illustrate the active aspects of personality in our daily lives.

National Head Start Association 357

National Easter Seal Society A nonprofit organization that has been helping individuals with disabilities and special needs and their families live better lives for more than 80 years. Whether helping someone improve physically or simply gain greater independence for everyday living, Easter Seals offers a variety of services to help people with disabilities address life's challenges and achieve personal goals.

Training Design and Progression

What are your goals You want to tailor your program to realistically meet your goals and time demands, so answer the questions honestly. (See Chapter 17 for more information on setting goals.) If you have been sedentary, begin by increasing your physical activity by performing more daily activities, found in Level 1 of the Physical Activity Pyramid (Figure 4-2). Once you can easily perform these activities, add 5-10 minutes of Level 2 activities two to four days per week. Gradually increase the duration of the Level 2 activities by 10 per week until you can perform 20 to 60 minutes continuously. Your training intensity during these exercise sessions should be between 65 and 70 of your max HR (see Worksheet 5-1).

Frequency of aerobic exercise How often should you do cardio

The number of days per week you do aerobic workouts is largely dependent on your goals. Everyone should always do three days per week of cardiovascular work as a minimum. Three days of cardio a week is a habit you should maintain as a part of your lifestyle for your health if no other reason. If your body fat is already in the desirable range, then three or four 20 to 30 minute workouts per week are usually enough to maintain your low body fat level and stay aerobically fit. It's also enough to help keep you lean when you're working on gaining body weight. If your goal is to lose body fat, then adding a fifth, sixth or seventh day will maximize your results.

Why you need weight training to lose fat permanently

The focal point of the BFFM fat-burning system is nutrition. In fact, BFFM might be the most comprehensive nutrition system for fat loss ever developed. Although eighty percent of this program is about nutrition, that is only one component in a four part strategy, including 1) goal setting and motivation, (2) nutrition, (3) aerobic training and (4) weight training. All four components are essential neglecting any component is going to compromise your results.

FAQ 12 How many reps should I do

The number of repetitions you use depends primarily on your goals. For example, athletes like football players would do a lot of training in the 3 - 5 rep range with extremely heavy weights for strength, while a bodybuilder would do more training in the 8-12 rep range with moderate weights for size.

FAQ 15 How long should I rest between sets

Rest intervals also vary depending on your goals. If you're training for general fitness, you can't go wrong with 60 seconds rest between sets. If you're training for strength and power, increase your rest intervals to two to four minutes. If your goal is to decrease body fat, it may be beneficial to gradually reduce your rest intervals to as little as 20-45 seconds between sets as this will add an aerobic effect to your weight workouts and increase growth hormone release.

Course of Treatment

Jason was seen on 11 occasions over 12 weeks. Using a modular approach (Curry & Reinecke, 2003), we selected empirically supported treatment components that would meet Jason's individual needs. These included (1) socialization to the CBT model, (2) developing a shared case formulation, (3) goal setting, (4) mood monitoring, (5) pleasant activities scheduling, (6) social problem solving, (7) cognitive restructuring, (8) social interaction and assertion skills, (9) family communication, and (10) relapse prevention. This is a great deal of work to cover in a short period of time. As a consequence, sessions tended to be active, focused, and flexible. We endeavored to maintain a balance between skills acquisition and empathic support.

Maintaining Perspective And Selfacceptance

There may be times during a manic or depressive episode when you think or act in ways that aren't consistent with your personal goals or values. It can be easy to feel bad about yourself in the aftermath. Having self-compassion as you pick up the pieces and get back on track can be as important as any of the other strategies discussed in this book. Being willing to forgive yourself and learning to use challenges and barriers as opportunities for growth are important steps on the path to wellness.

Perceptual Speed Slowing the Pace of Therapy

Perceptual speed is particularly impaired in older adults with depression (Lezak, 1995). Many older depressed patients tend to need more time in session to understand a new skill. They also need more time to talk about emotional content and are sometimes slow to respond to questions in therapy. Adapting to cognitive slowing involves several changes in therapeutic delivery, including slower pacing, reducing the amount of material covered within a single session and simplifying homework assignments (Coon & Gallagher-Thompson, 2002). Several researchers recommend the use of concrete examples in goal setting and homework assignments, as well as midweek telephone calls to discuss and therefore prompt homework completion, or having patients schedule a daily time for homework to allow more time for both processing written words and writing tasks (Coon & Gallagher-Thompson, 2002 Knight, 2004 Morris & Morris, 1991).

Michael J Devlin Stephen A Wonderlich B Timothy Walsh and James E Mitchell

I'm happy to say that the situation has indeed improved. For starters, we now have a name for what you have. It's called binge eating disorder, or BED, and we've developed a number of different treatment approaches, including different forms of psychotherapy, medication, and even self-help approaches. We'll need to meet with you to find out exactly what your goals are and what type of approach would be most helpful.

How do we develop reasoning skills

Our reasoning makes us behave in individual ways. It builds our character and personality, fuels our goals and motivates our actions. The list is endless. Our reasoning skills on the other hand will help us to achieve our goals and determine our course of actions when we set off to achieve our goals. How can this short lesson help you understand your child

Loss of control and binge eating in children and adolescents

IPT-WG is delivered in a group format and begins with an interpersonal inventory (Weissman et al. 2000) to identify connections between interpersonal functioning, self-esteem and mood, and eating patterns. Using the inventory, the therapists (typically, two) learn about the patient's relationships and the context in which LOC episodes manifest, and are able to set goals for treatment. During

Type A Personality and Cardiovascular Disease

Another misconception is that Type A is a single trait in actuality , Type A is a syndrome of several traits. More specificall , it is a collection of three subtraits, which together make up the Type A personality. One of these three subtraits is competitive achievement motivation. Type A persons like to work hard and achieve goals. They like recognition, power , and the defeat of obstacles. And they feel that they are at their best when competing with others. For example, a person who shows up at a charity bike-a-thon ready for the Tour de France bicycle race is exhibiting competitive achievement motivation. Time urgency is the second subtrait of the Type A behavior pattern. Type A persons hate wasting time. They are always in a hurry and feel under pressure to get the most done in the least amount of time. Often, they do two things at once, such as eat while reading a book. Red lights are their enemies, and they hate to wait in line for anything. The third subtrait of Type A is...

The goal of beating your personal best

Set goals to become better than you used to be, not better than someone else. Constantly challenge yourself. Keep aiming to beat your previous bests. Going to the gym can become fun and exciting when you're always working on improving yourself. So make it fun - make a contest out of it. Go for one more rep, five more pounds, five more minutes, or one level higher on the Stairmaster. Aim for hitting your lowest body fat ever. Work on constant and never-ending improvement. Make this process a fun game

The psychological reason most people sabotage their efforts to lose body fat

Maxwell Maltz, author of the incredible book, Psycho Cybernetics, described the human brain and nervous system as a perfect goal-striving servo-mechanism. This mechanism helps you achieve your goals much like a self-guided torpedo or missile seeks out its target and steers its way to it. Like the torpedo, the goal-striving mechanism of your brain can only work in your favor if you've specified a target.

FAQ 21 How long should I stay with the same workout program

The frequency of change is different for everyone - it depends on how long you've been training and what your goals are. When you're a beginner, you can make progress on the same workout routine for a long time. The more advanced you get, the more quickly your muscles adapt.

The Instruments CLINT

The Q-MAT information can be presented in two formats, enabling a quick overview or a deeper evaluation. The overview is given in form of a traffic-light analysis , visualising the entire matrix (48 cells). In each cell, the status of indicators is reduced to green (good performance), yellow (check on performance) and red (poor performance), in relation to a pre-defined standard or average of performance for preselected indicators. The expanded matrix contains all quality indicators defined for a given cell of the matrix. In its present form the matrix contains selected key indicators, relevant background information of the client, the staff and the organisation and some additional indicators (suggested by the literature review) to complete the matrix in cases where the empirical research has not yet identified available and practical indicators. The module will be further developed to comprise an input output interface a module for searching and editing in the database a module for...

As you read your affirmations mentally visualize them as already achieved

Because your brain thinks in pictures, adding a bright, clear, moving mental picture of what you want to achieve will help you to penetrate your subconscious mind more rapidly and more deeply than if you just read your goals. In Psycho - Cybernetics Dr. Maltz wrote, Experimental and clinical psychologists have proven beyond a shadow of a doubt that the human nervous system cannot tell the difference between an actual experience and an experience imagined vividly and in detail. As with affirmations, visualization is most effective when your body is in a relaxed state, because that's when your subconscious mind is accessed most easily. In the book Peak Performance, Mental Training Techniques of the World's Greatest Athletes, Charles Garfield writes Without a doubt, the most dramatic contribution to the advancement of goal-setting skills in recent years has been the Soviet's introduction of visualization. During mental rehearsal, athletes create mental images of the exact movements they...

The skinny on gaining muscle while losing fat

The most efficient method of improving body composition is to put 100 focus on your single most important goal losing fat or gaining muscle - one or the other. If you have above average amounts of body fat, then your number one goal should be to focus on losing fat first. Then, once the fat is off, you can re-write your goals and work on gaining muscle while maintaining your new, lower body fat level.

Psychosocial Influences On Painrelated Limitations In Cancer Survivors

Cognitive-behavioral approaches have dominated psychological intervention research on cancer pain management. Cognitive-behavioral perspectives proceed from the view that an individual's interpretation, evaluation and beliefs about their health condition, and their coping repertoire with respect to pain and disability will impact on the degree of emotional and physical disability that will be associated with cancer.25,28 It is important to note that the term cognitive-behavioral does not refer to a specific intervention but, rather, to a class of intervention strategies. The strategies included under the heading of cognitive-behavioral interventions vary widely and may include self-instruction (e.g., motivational self-talk), relaxation or biofeedback, developing coping strategies (e.g., distraction, imagery), increasing assertiveness, minimizing negative or self-defeating thoughts, changing maladaptive beliefs about pain, and goal setting.67 A client referred for cognitive-behavioral...

Personnel Selection Choosing the Right Person for the

The 16 Personality Factor (16 PF) questionnaire, described in Chapter 3, is also being used in vocational advising and selection. The 16 PF profile that best matches police o ficers is one that empha sizes boldness and self-confidence, qualities that facilitate one s abilities to direct or control others and to achieve goals (Krug, 1981). A heightened need for adventure and a strong need to influence other are linked with the enjoyment of careers that provide challenge and opportunities to take char ge. The police of ficer personality profile low on the need for support from others, which suggests a very self-assured personality. All of these personality characteristics appear to combine into a masculine profile. Nevertheless, the profile that matches the poli prototype occurs equally often among normal men and women in U.S. samples (Krug, 1981). Psychologically , men and women appear about equally equipped with the personality traits that most match the police of ficer prototype

Make your goal to lose weight slowly at a rate of 12 lbs per week Be patient

The best way to lose fat permanently without muscle loss is to lose weight slowly with a focus on exercise rather than severe calorie cutting. In the chapter on goal setting, we already made the suggestion to lose no more than two pounds per week. Let's take a closer look at the logic behind that recommendation.

Closer Look The Brain Injury of Phineas Gage

Phineas Gage Skull And Brain Model

Remarkably, most of his intellectual functions remained intact. However, his personality changed dramatically. His doctor, John Harlow, described the new Phineas Gage as obstinate, capricious, and vacillating, devising many plans of future operations which are no sooner arranged than they are abandoned, a child, yet with the passions of a strong ma n (cited in Carter, 1999). He lacked the ability to direct himself nor could he devise plans to achieve goals. He was impulsive and aggressive. He started using profane language and disregarded social conventions, behaving impolitely toward those around him. Women were advised to avoid him. He never worked as a foreman again. Instead, he had various farm jobs, mostly caring for horses and

Treatment for Diabetes

Following the diagnosis of diabetes, a diabetic patient undergoes medical nutrition therapy. In other words, a registered dietician performs a nutritional assessment to evaluate the diabetic patient's food intake, metabolic status, lifestyle, and readiness to make changes, along with providing dietary instruction and goal setting. The assessment is individualized and takes into account cultural, lifestyle, and financial considerations. The goals of medical nutrition therapy are to attain appropriate blood glucose, lipid, cholesterol, and triglyceride levels, which are critical to preventing the chronic complications associated with diabetes. For meal planning, the diabetic exchange system provides a quick method for estimating and maintaining the proper balance of carbohydrates, fats, proteins, and calories. In the exchange system, foods are categorized into groups, with each group having food with similar amounts of carbohydrate, protein, fat, and calories. Based on the individual's...

Stages of Psychosocial Development

Children learn to define personal goals and seek to fulfill them, or they develop a sense of guilt over having such personal desires Children develop a feeling of competence to learn things and to work on projects, or they develop a feeling of worthlessness after personal goals, confident that they will succeed in whatever they try. Adolescence marks a special crisis period in Erikson's theory, as this is a time when children face adulthood and seek to define what kind of adult they will be (in Erikson's terms, they face an ''identity crisis''). Armed once more with the confidence that they are good, competent, and worthy people, young adults are able to open up their deepest, most vulnerable sides to loved ones, building intimate relationships. They turn their efforts to the good of society, and, in old age, take stock of their lives with satisfaction at their accomplishments and contributions. Thus Erikson's theory, like Piaget's, is a perfect example of a stage model of...

The Somatic Appraisal Model of Affect

Panksepp Theory

SAMA's third level of affect shall be termed feelings. Also referred to as secondary emotions, social emotions, and conscious emotions, feelings are mental recognitions of the pattern of physiological, chemical, and neural responses evoked by certain brain systems when a person perceives or recalls objects or situations. Feelings involve cortical appraisal systems and therefore have a cognitive component they take place in the 'high road' (Ledoux, 1996, p. 164) of the brain. These cortical appraisals involve detailed analysis of incoming stimuli in relation to memory, knowledge, and a sense of self. Feelings involve two types of cognitive analysis 1) recognition of somatic patterns or maps of body brain conditions and 2) the pairing of somatic maps with detailed analysis of object event stimuli in regards to learned knowledge and experience, which include cultural norms, personal goals, and the constructed self. When the first type of appraisal occurs, when somatic maps are...

Introduction to Personality Psychology

Notice that the adjectives describing personality refer to several very dif ferent aspects of people. Words such as thoughtful refer to inner qualities of mind. Words such as charming and humorous refer to the ef fects a person has on other people. Words such as domineering are relational and signify a person' s position, or stance, toward others. Words such as ambitious refer to the intensity of desire to reach our goals. Words such as creative refer both to a quality of mind and to the nature of the products we produce. Words such as deceitful refer to the strategies a person uses to attain his or her goals. All of these features describe aspects of personality .

Managing Irritability and Anger

To achieve your goals of reducing anger and irritation, we suggest rehearsal of four related skills. These skills are aimed at reducing the emergence as well as the escalation of anger. Should these preventive efforts fail, they are also targeted at minimizing aggressive behavior once it is initiated. Together, these four principles are designed to help you reduce the cost of irritability and anger episodes to your mood and to your relationships and work goals

Motivation and Persistence

Fusion Hypothalamus

In people with damage restricted to the frontal lobe, such as Phineas Gage, these sensory-perceptual-semantic-conceptual systems are intact, and because these systems are working, people with frontal lobe injuries are aware of their environment, can interpret the meaning of stimuli, and have the knowledge needed to accomplish goals. To succeed in using this knowledge to achieve goals, however, one needs motivation or drive. Knowledge together with motivation leads to goal-oriented behavior. Biological drives are present in almost all creatures. In almost all vertebrates, these biological drives are mediated by the phylogenetically primitive limbic system, including the hypothalamus (see Figure 9.3). Unlike the temporal, occipital, and parietal cortices that monitor the outside world, the hypothalamus and limbic system monitor the inside world of an animal's body. When these internal monitors note a deficiency, they initiate a drive state that motivates behavior. For example, when the...

Primary and Secondary Appraisal

According to psychologist Richard Lazarus (1991), in order for stress to be evoked for a person, two cognitive events must occur. The first cognitive event, whic Lazarus called primary appraisal, is for the person to perceive that the event is a threat to his or her personal goals. The second necessary cognitive event, secondary appraisal, is when the person concludes that he or she does not have the resources to cope with the demands of the threatening event. If either of these appraisals is absent if the person does not perceive the event as threatening, or if the person feels he or she has plenty of resources for coping with the threat then stress is not evoked. For example, if an event, such as an upcoming exam, is perceived as threatening to someone's goals, yet the person feels he or she has the resources demanded by that event (i.e., person has been studying and otherwise preparing for the exam), then the person might experience the event more as a challenge than as stress....

Self Guided Care Achieving Goals Using Pacing

The purpose of this form is to help you think through your long-term goals and to formulate a step-by-step plan for achieving them. In addition to helping you identify and arrange the intermediate steps necessary for achieving larger goals, this worksheet is designed to remind you that achieving your goals is a process that unfolds slowly over time. Now that you have identified your goals, please use the next worksheet to plan the intermediate steps that are important for ensuring that you are on track for achieving your larger goals. Please use a separate sheet for each of your larger goals.

Specific Psychotherapies for Bipolar Disorder

All of these types of treatments share the idea that therapy should be an active process for both the therapist and the patient. These are not therapies where you do all the talking and receive no guidance. In each of these therapies, the therapist is there to share her or his knowledge of the disorder and practical strategies for managing mood episodes and reducing the impact of bipolar disorder on your life and your goals. For this reason, we want you to be very active in talking with a potential new therapist about his or her approach and what can be expected from therapy. Research has provided some guidance on the elements of therapy that can be helpful in changing the course of the disorder, and we want you to be active in trying to seek out these elements of treatment and finding a therapist with whom you feel comfortable and confident.

The fat loss success system that never fails

In 1976, John Grinder, a linguistics professor, and Richard Bandler, a mathematician, developed a new field called Neuro Linguistic Programming (NLP). Initially designed as a tool for psychotherapy, NLP blossomed into a much broader science focused on communication and personal excellence. NLP teaches you a process for discovering patterns of human excellence and then duplicating those results through a procedure called modeling. NLP also teaches you how to run your brain and think effectively so you can achieve any result you want. It teaches you how to communicate with yourself. Perhaps most important, NLP teaches you how to use feedback to unfailingly guide you to your goals. By now you should have already established your goals and put them in writing. If you didn't write down your goals on paper yet, then stop reading right now and go back and do the goal setting exercises. Nothing else you read in this book can possibly help you unless you have clearly specified your target. You...

A4 Annotated Bibliography of Studies Specifically Designed To Achieve Weight Reduction in Special Populations

A 10-week weight loss program for obese, low-income African-American women ages 40 to 64 years in Boston, New York, Houston, and Los Angeles. The program focused on diet, exercise, and behavior modification using information obtained from interviews of obese African-American women concerning these issues. Participants were placed on a culturally appropriate, low-fat diet, including two free meal replacement shakes. Lactaid was provided to those participants who were lactose intolerant. Group sessions involving goal-setting, problemsolving, and role-playing were led by a female African-American nutritionist. All educational materials, recipes, and menu plans were reviewed by minority health professionals to ensure cultural appropriateness.

Affordances and Interaction with Objects

Furthermore, our goals in approaching an object can have an effect on our actions in relation to that object. The action of grasping the receiver of a telephone might come to us automatically, but using a telephone to call someone is the result of a mediation of goals, which differ from those involved in cleaning a telephone.

Summary and Conclusions

Theories of self-regulation provide a framework for developing effective self-administered treatments for a variety of problems. Aspects of self-regulation address the importance of enhancing motivation to change and strategies for enhancing motivation. Important to each of the theories are the strategies of goal-setting and feedback of success or failure provided by monitoring progress toward the goal. Change is seen as coming about by increasing motivation, specifying strategies for change, and having the motivated individual monitor whether the approach is moving him toward his goal. If it is, the strategies are continued, with new intermediate goals being set, further attention to improving on one's strategies, and adding new strategies. A variety of specific techniques were identified to increase motivation. Also identified were strategies to increase self-efficacy, a self-regulation component specific to Bandura's approach.

The myth of food separating and why its not effective for improving body composition

I know several people who say that these programs removed their gastrointestinal distress and made them feel better. However, I don't know a single bodybuilding or fitness champion who successfully uses food combining diets to achieve low body fat or excellent muscular development (Although there are some who get paid to say they do). If muscles and low body fat are your goals, then lean proteins and complex carbohydrates should always be eaten at every meal.

Decision making 7 practical steps

When the goal of treatment is palliation, chemotherapy should never be administered without defined endpoints and timelines. It should be clear to everyone what counts as success, how it will be determined (for example, a symptom controlled or a smaller mass on your CAT scan), and when. You and your family should understand what your options are at each step and how likely each option is to meet your goals. If treatment goals are not clear, ask your doctor to explain them in words you understand. While patients with dementia pose a unique challenge, they are frequently capable of participating in goal setting and simple discussions about treatment side effects and logistics. Caring family members and friends are often able to share the patient's life story so that healthcare workers can work with them to make decisions consistent with the patient's values and desires. This of course is no substitute for a well thought out and properly executed living will or healthcare proxy.

Self Determination Through Childhood and Adolescence

Self-determination is a combination of attitudes and abilities that lead people to set goals for themselves, and to take the initiative to reach these goals (11). The capabilities needed to become self-determined are learned through real-world experience (including mistakes) and an open, supportive acknowledgement of their chronic illness disability (12). Too often families, teachers, and other well-intentioned people protect young people with SHCN from making mistakes and avoid discussing the ramifications of their illness disability. This approach can set the child up for failure or can result in learned helplessness. Teachers and those providing assistance to families can and should begin preparing children with rheumatic disease for independence as early as possible. For example, young children between three and five years of age can begin to incorporate chores into their daily routine. Families that give children opportunities to demonstrate competence through developmentally...

Treatment Of Depression Among Adolescents Adaptations of Standard Cognitive Therapy

In contrast to CT, the CWD course places equal emphasis on learning new behaviors and on learning new, more adaptive ways of thinking. A wide range of skills is taught, including goal setting, mood monitoring, increasing pleasant activities, relaxation, social interaction skills, communication, and interpersonal problem solving. A group format is used. The method of delivery is more similar to that of a classroom than to that of an individual psychotherapy session, thus reducing stigma and taking advantage of the teens' sense of familiarity with the process. Homework assignments are emphasized, and group time is highly structured. Therefore, there are relatively few opportunities for tailoring the treatment to the needs ofparticular individuals. Treatment typically lasts 7-8 weeks, with sessions held twice per week. Parents may be seen in psychoeducational groups once per week, where they discuss the skills their teens are learning, as well as ways to help them implement these skills...

The startling reason why you Should cheat on your diet once or twice a week

Designate a cheat day, perhaps one day on the weekend, and give yourself permission to have one (or at the most two) cheat meals of whatever food you want, then get right back on your regular nutritional program. I do NOT recommend having an entire cheat DAY. I am suggesting one or two cheat MEALS per week. Depending on your body type, you may be able to cheat more often and still get results. However, don't fool yourself into thinking that it doesn't matter. Everything matters and every time you cheat you are slowing down the time it takes for you to reach your goals.

Kelly Exercise Saved Me from Going Off the Deep

Most people exercise with specific goals in mind losing fat and inches, improving cardiovascular health, gaining more energy and peace of mind. But if you don't really know how to exercise effectively, you may never reach your goals. My Fat-Burning Metabolic Fitness Exercise Plan, a carefully structured combination of resistive training, cardio, a core body workout, and interval training, is designed to give you the best of all possible exercise worlds and it only requires 300 minutes spread over six days a week, and even less as you progress beyond the basic four-week fat-loss program. No matter how out of shape and overweight you are, no matter how sluggish your metabolism, this program will transform your body into a fat-burning machine in as little as twenty-eight days.

Plan Based Practical Reasoning 1 Practical Cognition

A general account of the structure of rational cognition was proposed in chapter 1. According to that account, practical cognition is initiated by the formation of primitive desires, which are themselves either the product of optative dispositions or the result of epistemic cognition producing beliefs about the relative expected situation-likings of the desired states of affairs. Desires, in turn, encode goals, and the function of practical cognition is to design and execute courses of action aimed at the achievement of these goals. Epistemic cognition plays an essentially subservient role in this process. The function of epistemic cognition is to answer factual questions posed in the course of practical cognition. Chapters 2 through 4 investigated the structure of epistemic cognition, and paved the way for an investigation of practical cognition. Practical cognition tries to find courses of action that will achieve goals. This kind of cognition has been a topic of interest in both...

Social Development and Exercise

Self-esteem is directly influenced by exercise by providing the opportunity for children to explore their bodies' abilities. This exploration molds children's self-concept. When exercise is based on individual performance levels and improvements are made, increased self-esteem often results. By using tools such as self-talk, goal-setting, and self-assessment, exercise can help children gain a more positive self-concept and better self-esteem. Positive self-esteem leads to improved cognitive and social development.

Effectiveness of Self Regulatory Processes

Adding goal-setting to self-monitoring produced a moderate effect size (D .60), while adding feedback to self-monitoring produced a large effect (D .80). Adding external reinforcement to self-monitoring, on the other hand, did not produce a significant increment in effect. Since internal satisfaction for accomplishing a goal can be considered a form of internal reinforcement, this latter finding seems to suggest that external rewards do not enhance the effects of feedback and self-satisfaction for reaching an identified goal. The question of how goal-setting exerts its effects helps clarify how goal-setting should be employed in the change process. Locke and Latham (2002) specify four ways that goals influence performance, viz. via specifying direction, increasing effort and persistence, and suggesting specific strategies. Clear goals direct attention toward goal-relevant activities and

Qualitative Review of Self Administered Treatments

A second group of studies involved more complex interventions. In their experimental conditions C and D, Cunningham and colleagues (2002) used a self-help book called Saying When (Sanchez-Craig, Davila, & Cooper, 1996), which presents a five-step process following principles of motivational interviewing, cognitive-behavior therapy, and relapse prevention (a) taking stock, (b) coping with temptation, (c) goal-setting, (d) developing strategies to meet goals, and (e) maintaining progress. Included in the book are forms to assist with self-monitoring of progress and some answers to frequently asked questions about drinking and alcohol-related problems. The correspondence-based self-help materials tested by Sitharthan and colleagues (1996, condition A) consisted of five letters sent to participants over a 4-month period, beginning with information about the effects of alcohol and personalized feedback and followed by guidance in a range of cognitive-behavioral strategies that could be...

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Continuing with this example, in CBT, you would work with your therapist to recognize your tendency to think in negative ways and identify how your thoughts lead to feeling unproductive and helpless. Your therapist would help you identify and change these negative thoughts and set goals to get work done and

Protein consumption as a percentage of total calories

The best (And most accurate) method for determining protein consumption is to calculate protein needs as a percentage of your total caloric intake. First, you determine your daily calorie needs based on your lean body weight. The next step is to select the optimal percentage of calories from protein. The percentage you choose must be in line with your goals, activity requirements, body type and metabolic rate.

Preface and Dedication

My only goal in writing this book is to help you reach to your goals, to get you leaner than you've ever been before, and to clear up all your confusion about fat-burning nutrition and training that may have held you back in the past. If this book helps you succeed in reaching your fat loss goals, then this book is a success with or without accolades from the critics.

Modifying Standard CT for Depression and Comorbid Gad Ocd and PTSD

To treat comorbid depression, it is recommended that behavioral activation be emphasized, with the goals of decreasing depressed mood and increasing hopefulness and motivation for therapy. It is important that the clinician first provide a conceptualization of the link between behavior and feelings, emphasizing the role of avoidance in maintaining depressed mood. Techniques such as goal setting and scheduling of pleasurable and mastery activity can facilitate self-activation. In the first phase of treatment, patients are asked to monitor their daily activities and mood, to increase their awareness of the connection between behaviors and feelings. Next, patients are asked to select and to schedule alternative behaviors, which can include pleasurable activities (e.g., taking a bath, engaging in hobbies) and mastery activities (e.g., washing dishes, paying bills). Patients are then encouraged to try the new behaviors and to observe the effect on their mood. In recent years, a treatment...

Exercise Behavior Change Interventions In Cancer Survivors

At the University of Alberta, we have recently developed a 62-page exercise guidebook for breast cancer survivors (Exercise for health An exercise guide for breast cancer survivors) based on the theoretical components of the TPB. The information in the exercise guidebook was formulated and written based on behavioral, normative, and control beliefs elicited from breast cancer survivors in previous research. The guidebook consists of 10 chapters and includes participant-centered activities designed to enhance attitude (i.e., instrumental and affective attitudes), subjective norm (i.e., injunctive and descriptive norms), PBC (i.e., self-efficacy and controllability), and implementation intentions (e.g., goal-setting, planning). These written activities are also designed to facilitate participant engagement in the information. The exercise guidebook also incorporated previous research examining exercise preferences of breast cancer survivors.2,32

Balancing Blood Sugar Levels With Exercise

The most poignant moment came at the end of my talk when a mom asked me my motivation for doing triathlons. Without hesitation I said, Because I have diabetes and I can. It was so simple, the most natural response, and in my mind, it said it all. There was peace in the room and knowing looks on the faces of the parents. It was as if this hard, cold classroom filled with strangers was transformed into a warm, cozy living room with friends and family. They knew right then and there that all would be okay for them and their children. They were now in on the coveted secret Diabetes doesn't have to stand in your way of accomplishing your goals and fulfilling your dreams.

The simple procedure you must complete before you begin any diet or exercise program

This might be the most important chapter in this entire book - even though it has nothing to do with calories, protein, carbohydrates, fats, cardio, weights or anything else related to nutrition or training. You see, there is a simple, but critical procedure you must complete before you lift a weight, jog a mile, start a nutrition program or even set foot in the gym. If you successfully complete this procedure, the nutrition and training will come easy and a lean body will soon follow. If you ignore this step - like most people do - you are destined to fail no matter what you do or how hard you try. This crucial first step is goal setting. A lot has been said and written about goal setting - entire books have been devoted to the subject - but the truth is, most people never decide exactly what they want. Some people give their goals a fleeting thought, but most never get specific and commit their dreams and desires to writing. Most people, says Denis Waitley, author of The Psychology...

No single nutrition program will work for everyone

The correct meal ratios can vary greatly depending on your goals and on the type of training you're doing. Nutrition is a highly individualized issue and the same diet will not work for everyone. Bodybuilders, for example, need a higher ratio of protein than people who are sedentary. A marathon runner would never consume the same ratio of proteins, carbohydrates and fats as a bodybuilder or fitness competitor getting ready for a contest. An endurance athlete might do well consuming up to 60 of his or her calories from complex carbohydrates to maintain glycogen stores for training. The pre-contest bodybuilder would probably be better off with as little as 25 -40 of his or her calories from carbohydrates with a higher ratio of protein to help stimulate thermogenesis, mobilize more body fat and reduce water retention.

Is all this calorie counting really necessary or can you just count portions

If you don't become familiar with the calorie content of your daily staple foods and keep a detailed nutrition journal at least once, then you're not just serious about your goals - you're guessing Once you've completed this journal exercise, you'll be able to at least make an educated ballpark estimate of your caloric intake from that point onward.

A mental training technique that guarantees youll stick to your eating schedule and never want to miss a meal

Since you've already read the chapter on goal setting and the subconscious mind, you understand the power that thoughts repeated with emotion and faith have to program your behaviors. You're now going to put that information to a very practical use. You're about to learn a technique that will program your brain so deeply that you'll never want to miss a meal again.

Deciding Which Treatment Is Best For

When choosing which route to take, it's important to think carefully about which treatment is the best fit for you. If your diagnosis is fairly new or you feel you don't know very much about bipolar disorder, you might want to start with a psychoeducation program. Then, depending on what your goals are, you may prefer one type of therapy to another. For instance, it may help to think about whether you're experiencing difficulty with negative thinking (in which case CBT might be best), family conflict (in which case FFT might be best), or interpersonal problems or disruptions in your daily routines (in which case IPSRT might be best). Also consider which symptoms are most problematic for you depression or mania. (If mania is more problematic for you, IPSRT would probably be your last choice.) Be sure to discuss your options and preferences with your treatment team so you can work together to come up with the best plan to help you take care

What is Physical Fitness

Regular physical activity leads to improved physical fitness and many other physiologic, cosmetic, and psychological benefits. Depending on personal goals and job requirements the level of physical fitness to attain can range from basic, health-related to more specific, performance-related fitness (Figure 4-1).

Why you will never reach your maximum potential without eating five or six meals a day

The odds are good that you invested in this program because you want to get results faster and reach your goals sooner. There are limits to how fast you can safely lose body fat, but high meal frequency will allow you to do it as quickly as possible. You can eat the right foods and work out daily but if your metabolism is inefficient it's like swimming upstream and fighting against the current.

The first thing you must do if you hit a plateau

Fat loss is the result of consistently applying nutrition and exercise fundamentals every single day. If you realize you didn't give it your all, don't beat yourself up, simply re-focus and recommit for the next week. Re-reading and re-writing your goals will help. Plan your training and nutrition strategy for the next seven days in advance schedule the workouts right in your daily planner with the rest of your appointments. Then go back to work with renewed vigor, motivation and enthusiasm.

Make no excuses you are in control

So called limitations that force you to learn more about exercise, to eat nutritious foods, to adopt a healthier lifestyle, to develop a strong work ethic and to become a more persistent person can be a blessing in disguise. You'll find that when you finally work your way to your goals, you'll have become a much stronger person than you ever thought you could be. When someone has it easy, they don't develop the qualities of persistence and determination. They often become coasters. There are a lot of natural born athletes and bodybuilders that coast on their genetics. Instead of making them

Adjust your approach according to your weekly results

Very rarely will you ever move in a constant and linear path in the direction of your goals. Usually you will zig-zag your way to success. If you work hard enough, you will see progress every week, but your rate of progress will often vary. One week you may lose .05 body fat, the next you may lose .06 and the next only .04 . If you have a bad week, you might not make any progress.

Set big goals

It's okay if your goal scares you a little. In fact, if your goal isn't scary and exciting at the same time, then your goals are too low. Thinking about a big goal you've never achieved before is always going to make you feel a little uncomfortable and afraid. This discomfort makes most people pull back into their comfort zones. Don't let the fear of failure or the feeling of discomfort prevent you from going after what you really want. Always step forward into growth never pull back into safety. Refuse to sell yourself short. Raise your standards. The famous architect Daniel Burnham said, Make no small plans they have no magic to stir your blood to action. Make big plans, aim high in work and hope. When you're setting your goals, don't be afraid to think big and set your sights high because you can only hit what you aim at Decide what would you really like to look like if you could have ANY body you wanted. See the picture in your mind. Make it clear, vivid and dynamic. Dream....

Manic Episodes

On a certain topic, gaining work experience, saving money and budgeting, or finding the social support you need to accomplish your goals. For example, you might use all of your savings to start a law practice even though you don't have a law degree and never wanted to be a lawyer before.

Plansand Goals

An agent tries to achieve goals by designing and executing courses of action aimed at realizing them. Designing such a course of action is planning. The simplest planning may involve selecting a single act to perform in order to achieve some readily attainable goal. More complex plans may involve multiple steps, each prescribing an act subject to conditions that may depend upon both the current situation and the outcome of the previous steps of the plan. For example, a plan for driving across town might involve taking one route if the traffic is light and another route if it is heavy. Chapter 6 investigates the logical structure of plans. It is argued there that in their most general form, plans can have all the logical structure of parallel computer programs. To summarize, feasibility constraints require the use of goals to direct the course of planning. Goals can be evaluated only in terms of expected likabilities and without reference to any way of achieving the goals. This...


The last step is to debrief and de-role group members, in which they are helped to leave the role of family members behind and return to their own sense of self through mutual sharing before leaving the session. The therapist guides them to share both from the role they have taken and then as themselves (Holmes, 1998). The therapist also helps the client reflect upon what happened in the past, recognize what exists in the present and set goals for the future (Kellermann, 1992).

Body Fat Testing

The primary reason to measure body composition is so you can distinguish between fat and muscle. Instead of looking only at body weight, the body composition test lets you focus on body fat and lean body mass. Another reason to measure your body composition is so you can monitor your progress and get continual feedback. As you learned in chapter one on goal setting, it's critical to have a way to objectively measure your progress. A weekly body composition test allows you to measure and record the exact effect your nutrition and exercise program is having on your body.


Although a low level of mood elevation may be enjoyable, you do not want these symptoms to escalate into mania. Remember that mania is characterized as a disorder because of the problems it causes in your life. To keep control of your life and your ability to seek and follow your goals, report any early symptoms of mania or hypomania to your physician. With monitoring and care, antidepressant medication can be a valuable addition to your toolbox for treating your bipolar depression.


Medication is the most effective treatment for managing symptoms of bipolar disorder and extending periods of wellness (American Psychiatric Association 2002). When you have fewer mood episodes, you can more effectively work toward your goals, strengthen your relationships with friends and family members, and feel balanced and in control. In addition to medication, psychosocial treatments (discussed in chapter 4) can also help reduce symptoms and improve quality of life. In this chapter, we'll discuss the benefits and side effects of medications approved for treating bipolar disorder and answer some common questions people have about taking medications.

Wellness Programs

A review of the literature on wellness interventions showed positive benefits for those who participate. The review also suggested that this type of intervention reduces health service usage. Another study supported the positive effects of a wellness intervention which included lifestyle-change classes and telephone follow-up, in improving health behaviors and quality of life. The study also reported that goal setting and goal attainment were important mechanisms to promote behavior change. Goal setting is an important step in behavior change and the Stuifbergen study identified that the goals should address continuing behaviors and not one-time behaviors. For example, the goals should center around activities such as consistently participating in an exercise program or practicing relaxation strategies and not on getting a flu shot or mam-mogram.


Any of life's transitions is difficult, but the transition to retirement can be made easier if it is approached with clear personal goals. If retirement is seen as a new beginning at something different in life, then it seems easier to bear, indeed, might even be looked forward to. If a person ducks from thinking about it until the day when he or she suddenly finds himself or herself suddenly not going to work, then it can be very difficult and can also put a strain on marriages. A couple might well have found good ways of living together given 40 or so hours a week when they are apart. Now, unless they make some special provision, they could be together 100 per cent of the time. This takes some adjustment. Perhaps the most important aspect of retirement to consider is the question of the type of goals that are set. If one's goals are mainly material, retirement is usually not very fulfilling. Staying in the workforce for longer is, then, a better option. On the other hand, if one's...

Exercise Sequence

Regardless of your goals and training routines, there is an exercise sequence that should be followed to improve exercise performance and reduce the risk of injury. This sequence includes warming-up, stretching, and cooling-down, as outlined in Figure 4-4. The rationale for following this sequence is discussed next.


Researchers interested in the remediation of these motivational difficulties have turned increasingly to programs targeting both cognitive and motivational components. These studies illustrate both the need to attend to both motivational and cognitive factors, and the fact that different kinds of strategy instruction are more or less effective in enhancing performance, depending on how they influence motivation. This work now needs to be extended to children of different ages to determine whether the strategy instruction and motivation enhancement techniques need to be modified for younger and older children. Further, work is needed to develop programs that integrate various approaches, particularly those approaches associated with self-efficacy, goal setting, and self-regulation. More broadly, however, as valuable as these individual-focused programs are, they are likely to have little lasting benefit if home and school environments do not facilitate and support the changes....

Summary of Results

Management of homecare was connected with both quality of homecare and subjective QoL of the clients. Most frequently, quality standards such as services support autonomy (care concept or regime), setting the goals for care (degree of goal orientation in care) and services within agreed time (continuity) and number of care personnel converted into FTE and sufficient material resources as evaluated by the manager emerged as important features. In addition, structures and processes for pain management and for participation by clients and informal carers in care planning, written quality management procedures and contact between management and employees were connected with good homecare outcomes. These results show that management plays an important role in providing the right context for the realisation of good homecare outcomes. The impact of management was stronger on QoL than the impact of documented care quality, but it is not

Motor Control

To specify a plan of action, the central nervous system (CNS) must first transfer sensory inputs into motor goals such as the direction, amplitude, and velocity of the intended movement. Then, to execute movements, the CNS must convert these desired goals into signals controlling the muscles that are active during the execution of even the simplest kind of limb trajectory. Thus, the CNS must transform information about a small number of variables (direction, amplitude, and velocity) into a large number of signals to many muscles. Any transformation of this type is ill-posed in the sense that an exact solution may be either not available or not unique. How the nervous system computes these transformations has been the focus of recent studies.

Avoidance Desires

Georgeff 1987 notes that among our goals are sometimes goals ofmaintenance, that is, we desire to prevent certain things from changing. This is a special case of a more general kind of desire, which is a desire to avoid something. In the case of maintenance desires, we desire to avoid something's changing. More generally, we may want to avoid something's happening. A soldier moving through enemy territory may want to avoid being seen, a crook may want to avoid being caught, a driver may want to avoid becoming enmeshed in five o'clock traffic, a professor may want to avoid being assigned to univer-

Project Smart

These two curricula represented two different ways of thinking about what causes young people to experiment with substances. Self-management training came from the idea that young people use drugs to help them handle the challenges of growing up. This approach was based on the hypothesis that young people who lack the ability to manage their lives may experiment with alcohol or drugs as an alternative to handling difficult situations. The goal was to increase the skills that are important to being successful so that substance use would not be seen as a practical alternative. The training was applied to making decisions, handling STRESS, improving self-esteem, and increasing a person's ability to set and achieve goals. Students were taught how to identify and manage their stress through relaxation training how to increase their self-esteem through finding positive qualities about themselves and others and how to make well-thought-out decisions by mastering a process for identifying...


And principally SCT-based planning, goal-setting, and feedback and operates through a touch-screen monitor. Ten main programs (a new program is available each week) and a set of individualized maintenance programs are available for an additional 4 weeks. We also have conducted a series of studies on mediated approaches to exercise promotion using brief telephone or Internet-based contact and goal-setting and feedback primarily to promote walking (Lombard, Lombard, & Winett, 1995 Rovniak et al., 2005 Tate, 1997 Tate & Winett, 1996 Whiteley & Winett, 2002). Most participants in these projects were sedentary women and men. These programs involved assessment, feedback on specific assessment indices, goal selection, logs for recording walking (with some verification of walking), brief weekly contact by phone or by e-mail focusing on feedback on goal attainment, and selection of the next week's goal. Weekly, very brief phone contact was more effective in promoting walking than the same but...

The Motivation Companion

The Motivation Companion

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