What are the complications of GERD and are they serious

Complications of GERD include those that occur in the esophagus and outside the esophagus (extra-esophageal complications) (see Figure 7). Esophageal complications include esophagitis (inflammation of the lining of the esophagus), Barrett's esophagus, narrowing or strictures, and, rarely, cancers. Extraesophageal complications can include sinus problems or infections, ringing in the ears, voice changes, dental problems, worsening of asthma, and recurrent pneumonia. Some of these complications are more like inconveniences; however, Barrett's esophagus, cancers, asthma, and pneumonias can be life-threatening. This is all the more reason to have GERD evaluated by a doctor. An expanded discussion of GERD complications follows.

Chest Pain

Asthma, ENT

Non Erosive Reflux

Chest Pain

Asthma, ENT

Mise

100%

Erosive Esophagitis

Figure 7 GERD Pyramid.

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