Most Effective Erectile Dysfunction Treatment

Legendary Potency Forbidden Secrets Of Most Potent Men In History

Over 20% of Western men in their 20's are suffering from erectile dysfunction. This problem increases by 10% every decade. Erectile dysfunction is becoming more prevalent and has ruined a lot of relationships. When you keep quiet about this problem, it gets worse. Unfortunately, most pills in the market today that claim to cure erectile dysfunction do not work as advertised. Some may even worsen your problem. This is why it is recommended that you use natural methods without side effects when you want to treat erectile dysfunction. One such natural treatments of erectile dysfunction is a secret discovered by Scott Greene -a researcher and a men's health author. His secret is based on foods previously eaten by Roman Gladiators but banned for over 1600 years by more than 3 religion. In his eBook, you will learn of virility foods you can use to boost your testosterone level and completely get rid of erectile dysfunction from your body system. Read more...

Legendary Potency Forbidden Secrets Of Most Potent Men In History Summary

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Legendary Potency - Forbidden Secrets Of Most Potent Men In History

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All of the information that the author discovered has been compiled into a downloadable ebook so that purchasers of Legendary Potency Forbidden Secrets Of can begin putting the methods it teaches to use as soon as possible.

As a whole, this book contains everything you need to know about this subject. I would recommend it as a guide for beginners as well as experts and everyone in between.

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SEXuAl Response Cycle

Two pioneering researchers, William Masters and Virginia Johnson, identified four stages of sexual response. These stages excitement, plateau, orgasm, and resolution are known as the human sexual response cycle. Two basic processes occur during sexual response vasocongestion and myotonia. Vasocongestion refers to the concentration of blood in the blood vessels and in the tissues of the genitals and breasts. In men, vasocongestion occurs when arterial blood flow to the penis increases and venous outflow decreases. Erection is a result of increased blood flow to the spongy tissue (corpora cavernosa) of the penis, causing these tissues to expand. In women, this inflow of blood causes the clitoris to enlarge, the labia to swell, and the vagina to lubricate. Myotonia, or neuromuscular tension, refers to the increase of energy in nerves and muscles. During sexual activity, myotonia takes place throughout the body, affecting both involuntary and skeletal muscles. plateau phase of the sexual...

How does MS affect sexual function

Patients and physicians in the past rarely discussed sexual function and performance despite its central role in life. This was especially true when illness other than heart disease was at issue. Sexual relationships are a major bond between married couples, and the new frankness about these issues promises to benefit particularly MS patients greatly. There are a number of pertinent issues in this regard, many of which are equally important to healthy persons. The most common sexual problem affecting both men and women in good health is the lack of libido (sexual interest or sexual drive). Psychologic stress arising from interpersonal relationships and work is probably the most common single cause for this it is obviously much more of an issue in young adults affected by a major health problem. The resultant uncertainties that naturally arise in these situations contribute to this greatly. The actual diagnosis of illness may induce acute stress, which can precipitate sexual difficulty...

Does Viagra help with impotence in MS

The physical problem of erectile dysfunction is now openly discussed and is recognized commonly in otherwise healthy men. This change in the public attitude has helped men with MS accept this aspect of sexual function when it occurs and embrace the use of one of the approved drugs for erectile dysfunction. Viagra, Levitra, and Cialis appear to be at least as useful in men with MS as they are in otherwise normal men. Some studies have suggested that these drugs may also Orgasm be helpful in women having difficulty achieving an

Benefit 7 Combats Erectile Dysfunction

A recent study of over 31,000 men between the ages of fifty-three and ninety showed that exercise delayed the onset of erectile dysfunction with age and improved sexual performance in those who already suffered from this problem. This research project, conducted by the Harvard School of Public Health, found that an average of one-third of test subjects reported problems getting and keeping an erection. Most of the men studied said that they had few problems before age fifty, but 26 percent had difficulty between ages fifty and fifty-nine 40 percent between ages sixty and sixty-nine and 61 percent over age seventy. Men who watched more than twenty hours of television per week, consumed too much alcohol, smoked, were overweight, had diabetes, had a previous stroke, or took antidepres-sants or beta-blockers had the most problems with ED. One of the most interesting conclusions of this study was the connection between overall cardiovascular health and the ability to sustain an erection....

Cant get an erection

Few men bring up this issue with their doctors, and few doctors ask about it. This doesn't mean it's unimportant. The ability to achieve and maintain an erection is frustrating, embarrassing, and distressing to you and your partner. Achieving and maintaining an erection results from the successful interplay of several different physical and psychological processes. One or more of these may be impaired in PD. Thus, anxiety and or depression may result in a loss of a desire to have or think about sex. The desire to have sex or think about sex is called libido. A loss of libido results in impotence. Most men with PD, however, retain their desire for sex, and this coupled with impotence, heightens frustration, results in abstinence, and deepens social isolation. PD usually begins at age 60, a time when many men experience impotence related to vascular disease, diabetes, an enlarged prostrate, or depression. Thus, impotence should not automatically be attributed to PD. Diabetes, an...

Ginseng Panax Species

Ginseng is thought of by many as a virtual panacea. Asian ginseng (Panax ginseng) has been used for centuries as a general tonic, stimulant, and stress reliever. In Chinese medicine, American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius) has been used, but is thought to possess less stimulant activity. Siberian ginseng (Eleutherococcus senticosus) has also gained recent popularity but belongs to a different plant species, which is often the caue of confusion. Most studies to date concentrate on the use of Panax ginseng. The mechanism of action for ginseng is unknown but thought to revolve around the concentration of ginsenosides that are thought to be responsible for a number of its pharmacological properities, including stimulation of the central nervous system, stimulation of the immune system, anxiolytic effects, antioxidant effects, and vasodilatory effects (81). Additionally, ginseng may accelerate hepatic lipo-genesis and increase glycogen storage (82). Numerous studies of varying quality have...

Immunomodulatory Antitumor Activities of Ginseng Polysaccharide

It has long been reported that ginseng strengthens the resistance of an organism to harmful physical, chemical, and biological stresses. This capability is related to its regulation of the immune system, which plays an important role in the protective mechanism of the body. Recently, an acidic polysaccharide named ginsan has been isolated from white ginseng, peeled dried ginseng, and identified as an ideal nontoxic antineoplastic immunostim-ulator. It acts by activating multiple effector arms of the immune system and killer cells (Thyl + , AsGM1 +, CD8+) (68). Ginsan has been found to generate LAK cells from both NK and T cells by endogenously producing multiple cytokines, contributing to its effectiveness in the immunoprevention and immunotherapy of cancer (17). More recently, red ginseng acidic polysac-charide (RGAP) has also been isolated from Korean red ginseng. Having different chemical molar composition from ginsan, it is reported to have immunomodulatory antitumor activity....

Structural Property Of Ginseng

Ginsenosides, known as saponins, are the major components of ginseng (Fig. 1). Ginsenosides have a steroidal skeleton with a modified side chain at C-20 (7,8). They differ from one another by the type of sugar moieties, their number, and their site of attachment. Among the saponins, the genuine sapogenins 20(S)-protopanaxa-diol and -triol have been identified as 20(S) 12p-hydroxyl-and 20(S) 6a, 12p-dihydroxy-dammarenediol-II, respectively (9). Some partly deglycosylated saponins such as ginsenoside Rh1, Rh2, and Rg3 are obtained from red ginseng as artifacts produced during steaming. Stepwise deglycosylated compounds such as compound K and 20(S)-protopanaxadiol can be generated through metabolic transformation by human intestinal bacteria. Ginsenoside Rg1 is converted into 20(S)-protopanaxatriol via ginsenoside Rh1. The binding of the sugar has been shown to influence biological activity. Rh1 and Rh2 are structurally similar, but have different activity. Ginsenoside Rh2 has been shown...

Coping With Msrelated Changes In Sexual Response

Coping with Altered Genital Sensations To enhance sexual response, increase stimulation to other responsive areas such as Coping with Erectile Problems A number of oral medications are available to treat erectile dysfunction. The FDA has approved several medicines called phos-phodiesterase-type-5 (PDE-5) inhibitors. PDE-5 inhibitors work by blocking a chemical in the erectile tissues that causes erections to become flaccid. These medicines include sildenafil (Viagra ), vardenafil (Levitra ), and tadalafil (Cialis ). To date, only sildenafil has been completed in clinical trials with men who have MS, although the other medicines are highly similar and can be prescribed for persons with MS. These medicines do not improve libido, but are helpful in maintaining erections when they occur. They are typically taken an hour before anticipated sexual activity. The effects of vardenafil and tadalafil are reported to last somewhat longer than sildenafil, although they have not been directly...

Adjusting to Changes in Sexual Function in MS

Normal sexual function changes throughout one's lifetime, but having multiple sclerosis (MS) can profoundly affect an individual's sexual experience in a variety of ways. The most frequently reported change in men is diminished capacity to obtain or maintain an erection (impotence), while the most frequent change reported by women is partial or total loss of libido (sexual desire). Certain MS medications can also interfere with sexual functioning. For example, certain antidepressants can cause this difficulty.

Ginseng

Ginseng has interacted beneficially with chemotherapy drugs both in vitro and in animals. For example, selected ginseng triterpenoids at 25 to 100 pM reversed multidrug resistance to daunomycin and vinblastine in mouse leukemia cells in vitro.135 Oral administration of a crude extract of ginseng (at 500 mg kg) increased the cytotoxicity of mitomycin in mice with transplanted Ehrlich ascites cancer cells and increased survival time of the mice as compared to those receiving only mitomycin. In-vitro experiments also In rats with transplanted liver cancer cells, a combination of mitomycin and a crude ginseng extract (given orally at 200 to 500 mg kg) produced a greater antitumor effect than mitomycin alone.137'138 The equivalent human dose is about 3.2 to 8.1 grams per day.

Impotence

In men, zinc deficiency may lead to impaired testosterone synthesis, resulting in hypogonadism and impotency. One placebo-controlled study has investigated whether oral zinc supplementation improves erectile dysfunction. The study involved 20 uraemic haemodialysis patients and showed that 6 months treatment with oral zinc acetate (25 mg elemental zinc) taken twice daily 1-2 hours before meals resulted in greater libido, improved potency and more frequent intercourse compared to placebo (Mahajan et al 1982). Active treatment also resulted in significant increases in plasma zinc, serum testosterone, and sperm count and decreases in serum levels of

Ginseng Korean

Historical note Gin refers to man and seng to essence in Chinese, whereas Panax is derived from the Greek word pan (all) and akos (cure), referring to its use as a cure-all. Ginseng is a perennial herb native to Korea and China and has been used as a herbal remedy in eastern Asia for thousands of years. It is considered to be the most potent Qi or energy tonic in TCM. Modern indications include low vitality, poor immunity, cancer, cardiovascular disease and enhancement of physical performance and sexual function. However, a recent systematic review of RCT found that the efficacy of ginseng root extract could not be established beyond doubt for any of these indications (Coon & Ernst 2002).

Ginseng Siberian

Historical note Siberian ginseng has been used for over 2000 years, according to Chinese medical records, where it is referred to as Ci Wu Jia. It was used to prevent colds and flu and to increase vitality and energy. In modern times, it has been used by Russian cosmonauts for improving alertness and energy, and to aid in adaptation to the stresses of life in space. It has also been used as an ergogenic aid by Soviet athletes before international competitions and was used after the Chernobyl accident to counteract the effects of radiation.

Erectile Dysfunction

Korean red ginseng has been shown to alleviate erectile dysfunction and improve the ability to achieve and maintain erections even in patients with severe erectile dysfunction (Price & Gazewood 2003). Ginsenosides can facilitate penile erection by directly inducing the vasodilatation and relaxation of the penile corpus cavernosum. Moreover, the effects of ginseng on the corpus cavernosum appear to be mediated by the release and or modification of release of NO from endothelial cells and perivascular nerves (Murphy & Lee 2002). In men with type 2 diabetes, oxidative stress has been suggested as a contributing factor to erectile dysfunction and animal studies suggest that ginseng can preserve 'potency' via its antioxidant effect (Ryu et al 2005). In a double-blind crossover study, 900 mg Korean red ginseng was found to significantly improve the Mean International Index of Erectile Function scores compared with placebo. Significant subjective improvements in penetration and maintenance...

Influence Of Medical Conditions On Sexuality

Infarction have on sexual activity Erectile dysfunction Erectile dysfunction What are the two main causes of erectile dysfunction in diabetics What is the primary treatment for erectile dysfunction in diabetics What effect does spinal cord dysfunction have on sexual functioning in men What effect does pregnancy have on sexual functioning Decreased fertility Erectile dysfunction Orgasmic dysfunction Reduced testosterone levels Retrograde ejaculation into the bladder

NewCROP Guide to Medicinal and Aromatic Plants

This Web site for the Center for New Crops and Plant Products at Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, is associated with the New Crop Diversification project and the Jefferson Institute. The center's mission is to identify new natural sources of industrial or medically useful compounds and to identify novel compounds from plants. Research projects on the cultivation of aromatic and American medicinal plants, such as mint, ginseng, goldenseal, cohosh, and echinacea are also currently underway. Resources such as CropINDEX, CropSEARCH, CropMAP, and CropREFERENCE provide access to a wide range of information and documents on various crop plants, including some economically important herb crops. Many of the documents are available as online full text.

Longterm Effects Of Cancer Diagnosis And Treatment On Survivors Family Members

The literature on the effect of cancer diagnosis and treatment on family members is sparse.74 Of studies in this area, most have focused on the impact of cancer soon after diagnosis, during recurrence, or at the terminal phase of the disease.75-77 One study shows that partners of men with prostate cancer, generally from small convenience samples, report more distress than their sick partners, but also believe that their partners are more distressed. The only reviewed study of long-term prostate cancer survivors found that couples' health-related QOL was associated with marital satisfaction.61 Distress was inversely related to levels of family support. The men's focus of concern, on their sexual functioning (i.e., impotence), was not shared to an equal degree by their non-sick partners.78,79 The most relevant study included

United Plant Savers UpS

The explosive growth of the international herbal market is creating such a demand for herbal plant material that some medicinal plants are now in short supply due to overharvesting in the wild. United Plant Savers (UpS) is a grassroots nonprofit organization group based in East Barre, Vermont, whose mission is to promote the conservation of North American native medicinal plants. It also maintains its own sanctuary for research and cultivation on 400 acres in southeast Ohio. According to UpS, twenty Native American herbs, such as black cohosh (Cimicifuga racemosa) and American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius), are at risk, that is, are approaching endangered species status, while another nineteen are on a to watch list.

Cardiovascular Effects

According to in vitro and animal studies ginseng may benefit the cardiovascular system 'through diverse mechanisms, including antioxidant, modifying vasomotor 2007 Elsevier Australia Antihypertensive Red ginseng has been used as an antihypertensive agent in Korea, but its clinical effect is unclear despite several in vivo and in vitro experimental studies. Recent preliminary data suggests that the antihypertensive effects may be partly attributed to an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory effect demonstrated by P. ginseng extract in vitro (Persson et al 2006). These effects were additive to the traditional ACE inhibitor enalapril. A study of isolated muscle preparations of animal heart and aorta with an alcohol-based extract of ginseng suggest that the hypotensive effect of ginseng is associated with a direct inhibition of myocardial contractility due to a reduction of calcium ion influx into cardiac cells, as well as the inhibition of catecholamine-induced contractility of...

Steroid Receptor Activity

Ginseng has been shown to increase the mounting behaviour of male rats and increase sperm counts in rabbit testes. The effect is not by a direct sex-hormone-like function, but probably via a gonadotropin-like action. Ginsenoside Rb1 has been shown to increase LH secretion by acting directly on the anterior pituitary gland in male rats (Tsai et al 2003). Ginsenoside Rh1 failed to activate the glucocorticoid and androgen receptors, but did demonstrate an interaction with oestrogen receptors in vitro. The effect was much weaker than 17-beta-oestradiol. Ginseng is therefore considered to contain phyto-oestrogens (Lee et al 2003). However, there are conflicting reports about oestrogen binding activity which may in part be explained by the presence or absence of zearalenone, an oestrogenic mycotoxin contaminant (Gray eta I 2004).

Cardiovascular Disease

Although there are reports of ginseng causing hypertension, red ginseng is actually used as an antihypertensive agent in Korea. Acute administration of an aqueous preparation of Korean ginseng (100 mg kg body weight) to 12 healthy, non-smoking male volunteers resulted in an increase in NO levels and a concomitant reduction in mean blood pressure and heart rate (Han et al 2005). Ginseng is often used in practice as an adjuvant to both conventional and CAM treatments. An open clinical study of 44 hypertensive patients found red ginseng, 1.5 g three times daily (4.5 g day), to be useful as an adjuvant to antihypertensive medication (Han et al 1995). A combination of red ginseng and digoxin was found to be more beneficial than either drug alone in an open study of advanced congestive heart failure. There were no adverse reactions (Ding et al 1995). A combination of ginseng and ginkgo extracts has been found to improve circulation and lower blood pressure in a controlled single-dose study...

Adverse Reactions

Clinical trials of 6 months' duration have shown no side-effects from treatment (Bohn et al 1987). High doses may cause slight drowsiness, irritability, anxiety, mastalgia, palpitations or tachycardia although these side effects may be more relevant to Panax ginseng. Clinical note Case reports of Siberian ginseng need careful consideration Some adverse reactions attributed to Siberian ginseng have subsequently been found to be due to poor product quality, herbal substitution and or interference with test results. For example, initial reports linking maternal ginseng use to neonatal androgenisation are now suspected to be due to substitution with another herb, Periploca sepium (silk vine), as American herb companies importing Siberian ginseng from China have been known to be supplied with two or three species of Periploca (Awang 1991). Additionally, rat studies have failed to detect significant androgenic action (Awang 1991, Waller et al 1992) for Siberian ginseng. Another example is...

Significant Interactions

As controlled studies are not available, interactions are currently speculative and based on evidence of pharmacological activity and case reports. Studies have reported that normal doses of Siberian ginseng are unlikely to affect drugs metabolised by CYP2D6 or CYP3A4 (Donovan et al 2003). ANTICOAGULANTS An in vivo study demonstrated that an isolated constituent in Siberian ginseng has anticoagulant activity (Yun-Choi et al 1987) and a clinical trial found a reduction in blood coagulation induced by intensive training in athletes (Azizov 1997). Whether these effects also occur in non-athletes is unknown. Observe.

Contraindications And Precautions

Some authors suggest that high-dose Siberian ginseng should be avoided by those with cardiovascular disease or hypertension (BP 80 90 mmHg) (Mahady et al 2000). Others merely suggest a caution, as reports are largely unsubstantiated (Holford & 2007 Elsevier Australia Siberian ginseng appears to alter the levels of different neurotransmitters and hormones involved in the stress response, chiefly at the HPA axis. Siberian ginseng may increase resistance to infection and has been shown to reduce frequency of genital herpes outbreaks with long-term use. Siberian ginseng affects many chemicals involved in switching on and off the body's stress responses. As such, it is used to improve wellbeing during times of chronic stress however, scientific research has yet to fully investigate its use in this regard. It may also boost immune function and reduce the frequency of genital herpes outbreaks. Evidence for improved performance in athletes in unconvincing. When will it start to work

History of Food Folklore

The Doctrine of Signatures, based on the notion that 'like cures like', was also popular in the nineteenth century. Therapies were chosen on the basis of similarities of color, aroma, shape, and other characteristics. For example, beet juice, which is deep red, was thought to be an effective cure for blood diseases, while yellow plants were believed to alleviate jaundice and other liver ailments. The pungent odours of onions and garlic were thought to ward off disease, stimulate strength and bravery, arouse libido, and banish evil spirits. Walnuts resemble the brain and so were eaten to improve intellect. The ginseng root, with its resemblance to the human torso, was used by the Chinese as a panacea (Figure 1). The common names of many foods reflect folklore about their curative properties, as shown in Table 1. For example, the word ginseng is derived from the root words gin, meaning man, and sing, meaning essence. Figure 1 The universal healing properties of ginseng were attributed...

Other Antidepressants

Venlafaxine (Effexor, Effexor XR) is a serotonin and noradrenergic reuptake inhibitor with a better side effect profile than TCAs or MAOIs. A May 2002 meta-analysis of prior antidepressant trials suggested that venlafaxine and TCAs may have a greater remission rate than SSRIs. Further study is needed including more head-to-head comparison trials. Nefazodone (Serzone) and trazodone (Desyrel) are serotonin-modulating antidepressants. Trazodone is prescribed rarely as a sole antidepressant but is often prescribed as an adjunct to an SSRI for sleep because it has strong sedative properties (at higher doses it serves as an antidepressant). In addition to sedation, trazodone can on rare occasions induce priapism (prolonged, painful penile erection) that can cause permanent damage. Patients must be instructed to seek emergency treatment should such an erection occur. Nefazodone is similar to trazodone but is less sedating at therapeutic doses. It appears to have a low rate of sexual...

Historical Cultivation And Usage

Throughout Europe, the hazelnut has long been revered not only as a source of food but also as a plant with mystical and magical powers. The ancients thought hazelnuts had medicinal properties, using them as remedies for various disorders and diseases, including sore throat, phlegm, chronic cough, impotency, and baldness.

Modulation of Digestion and Absorption of Carbohydrates

An inhibition of neuronal discharge frequency from the gastric compartment of the brain stem in rats has been observed (35), and inhibition of gastric secretion by Asian ginseng has also been observed in rats (36). The antidiabetic effect of ginseng root has also been shown to block intestinal glucose absorption and inhibit hepatic glucose-6-phosphatase activity (33). These results suggest that ginseng triggers digestion of food and decreases the rate of carbohydrate absorption into the portal hepatic circulation.

Control of Blood Glucose Level

Two recent epidemiological cohort studies found that a reduction in dietary glycemic index (GI, an indicator of carbohydrate's ability to raise blood glucose level) between the highest and lowest quintiles decreases the risk of developing diabetes (37,38). The difference in GI between these quintiles for nondiabetic subjects and for subjects with type 2 diabetes has been observed after oral administration of ginseng before oral glucose administration (32). It has been suggested that ginseng is useful for healthy people to prevent diabetes, and for type 2 diabetes patients to improve glycemic control (39). More studies are required to confirm that ginseng administration decreases the GI. If this is the case, ginseng may be useful in the conventional treatment of diabetes. Before ginseng's therapeutic benefit in these areas is claimed, studies of the efficacy of long-term administration using hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) as a surrogate end-point marker and dose response are required.

Effect on Glucose Transport

P. ginseng has been shown to increase both glucose transporter-2 protein in the liver of normal and hyperglycemic mice (40) and glucose uptake into sheep erythrocytes in a dose-dependent manner (41). Recently, it has been shown that insulin-stimulated glucose uptake in rat skeletal muscles and adipose tissue is NO-dependent (42). Evidence suggests that ginseng can increase NO. Increased NO synthesis by ginseng in the endothelium of the lungs, heart, and kidney and in the corpus cavernosum has been detected (3).

Anticarcinogenic Activities and Synergistic Effects in Combination with Chemical Therapeutic Agents

Several investigations were carried out to evaluate the inhibitory or preventive effects of ginseng on carcinogenesis induced by various chemical carcinogens. The prolonged administration of Korean red ginseng extract inhibited the incidence and the proliferation of tumors induced by 7,12-dimethylbenz (a) anthracene (DMBA), urethane, and aflatoxin B1 (57). The chemopreventive potential of ginseng was evaluated using DMBA-induced skin tumorigenesis (papillomagenesis) in male Swiss albino mice. There was a marked reduction not only in tumor incidence but also in cumulative tumor frequency at the initiation phase of tumorigenesis, with a small reduction at the promotional stage, suggesting the anticarcinogenic activities of ginseng (58). Ginsenosides Rg3 and Rg5 were found to show statistically significant reduction of lung tumor incidence in a newly established 9-week, medium-term anticarcinoge-nicity test model of lung tumors in mice, and ginsenoside Rh2 showed a tendency to decrease...

Induction of Apoptosis by Ginsenosides

Apoptosis is responsible for a pathological mechanism related to human diseases such as cancer, autoimmune disease, viral infection, and neurode-generative disorder (71). Ginsenoside Rh2 has been shown to arrest cell cycle at the G1 phase and to prolong the S phase (72,73). It was reported that ginsenoside Rh2 induced apoptosis through protein kinase C in human neu-roblastoma SK-N-BE (2) and rat glioma C6Bu-1 cells (17). In addition, ginsenoside Rh2 has been shown to induce apoptosis independently of Bcl-2, Bcl-XL, or Bax in C6Bu-1 cells (74). In a parallel study, it was found that ginsenoside Rh2-induced cell death was mediated by the generated reactive oxygen species and activation of the caspase pathway in a Bcl-xL-independent manner (75). These reports demonstrate that the induction of apoptosis by ginseng may be one of its anticarcinogenic mechanisms. As described above, the protective influence of ginseng against cancer has been shown by extensive preclinical and epidemiological...

Summary And Future Work

For centuries, ginseng has been a highly valued herb in the East. Recently, many clinical trials using ginseng have been undertaken in Western countries as well as in East Asia. In this chapter, we have summarized the diverse pharmacological and physiological effects of ginseng on various diseases such as diabetes, cancer, and cardiovascular diseases. However, although there is a wealth of evidence suggesting that ginseng can be useful for the treatment of various diseases, a great deal of vital research remains to be solved. First, numerous experiments reported have been performed in animal models instead of humans. Therefore, a large-scale, controlled clinical study is needed to validate these results in terms of their applicability to humans. Second, there is still little evidence on ginseng's effectiveness at molecular levels. Understanding of molecular regulation of ginseng is necessary to apply it clinically, and also to discover new therapeutic effects. Third, the...

Mental State Attribution

Are primates intuitive psychologists in that they can reflect upon their own beliefs and desires and understand that others may or may not share such mental states Consider the following observation a low-ranking male chimpanzee who is about to mate sees a more dominant male approaching. The low-ranking male covers his erect penis as the dominant walks by. This kind of interaction and there are thousands of observations like this in the literature suggests a capacity for intentional deception (see machiavellian intelligence hypothesis). If true, the following capacities must be in place the ability to represent one's own beliefs and desires, the ability to understand perspective, and the ability to attribute intentions to others. The evidence for each of these capacities is weak, at best, but the experimental research program is only in its infancy. studies using mirrors suggest that all of the apes, and at least one monkey (cotton-top tamarins), respond to their reflection as if they...

Adverse Effects And Reactions Allergies And Toxicity

Semen ziziphi spinosae is reported to have very low toxicity when taken orally. In laboratory animals (mice and rats), a huge single dose of 50 g kg body weight produced no toxic symptoms, and a daily dose of 20 g kg for 30 days did not produce toxic reactions. Side effects have not been reported. Modern pharmacology evaluation of Semen ziziphi spinosae oil and Semen ziziphi spinosae extract suggests that with prolonged feeding they can reduce serum triglycerides and cholesterol (mainly LDL), and reduce fatty degeneration of the liver. These properties have also been attributed to the triterpenes of ginseng and ganoderma. Despite its strong medicinal effects, this mild-natured herb is relatively safe to use long term, and for children. Reported adverse effects from inappropriate use include fever with aversion to cold, cold sweats, and joint pain. Western herbalists are also considering the Semen ziziphi spinosae as an alternative to kava kava and valerian, due to the latter two...

Chemical Name Papaverine papavereen

Description Papaverine belongs to a group of medicines called vasodilators, which cause blood vessels to expand, thereby increasing blood flow. Papaverine is used in MS to treat erectile dysfunction. When papaverine is injected into the penis, it produces an erection by increasing blood flow to the penis.

Therapeutic And Loael Dose Estimates For Natural Compounds

19) CAPE, arctigenin, flaxseed, resveratrol, emodin, and hypericin (from Chapter 20) monoterpenes, Centella, boswellic acid, horse chestnut, butcher's broom, ginseng, and parthenolide (from Chapter 21) and vitamin A and melatonin (from Chapter 22). Dose estimates for compounds not discussed in this appendix appear in Part III.

Terebinth pistacia terebinthus l anacardiaceae

Gardens Pistacia Vera California

Adenopathy (f JLH) Albuminuria (f BIB HOC) Amenorrhea (f BIB) Arthrosis (f JLH) Ascites (f DAW) Bite (f HJP) Bleeding (f DEP) Callus (f JLH) Cancer (f DEP HJP) Cancer, brain (f JLH) Cancer, breast (f HJP) Cancer, diaphragm (f HJP) Cancer, face (f HJP) Cancer, lip (f HJP) Cancer, liver (f HJP) Cancer, medullary (f HJP) Cancer, pylorus (f HJP) Cancer, rectum (f HJP) Cancer, spleen (f HJP) Cancer, stomach (f JLH) Cancer, testicle (f HJP) Cancer, tongue (f HJP) Cancer, uterus (f HJP) Cancer, vagina (f HJP) Carcinoma (f JLH) Caries (f EFS) Cheilosis (f JLH) Colic (f DEP) Corn (f JLH) Cough (f HJP) Cyst (f JLH) Dermatosis (f HOC JLH) Diarrhea (f BIB) Diaphragmo-sis (f HJP) Dyspepsia (f DEP HJP) Encephalosis (f JLH) Epithelioma (f JLH) Excrescences (f JLH) Fever (f HJP) Fungus (f X126288418) Gastrosis (f JLH) Glossosis (f JLH) Gout (f HOC) Halitosis (f HJP) Hepatosis (f JLH) Impotence (f HJP) Induration (f JLH) Infection (1 X126288418) Inflammation (f1 HJP X11988853) Mastosis (f JLH)...

Agarwood aquilaria malaccensis lam thymelaeaceae

Aquilaria Malaccensis

Allergy (1 X9324002) Anaphylaxis (1 X9324002) Anuria (f HH2) Asthma (f1 BIB WO2 X9324002) Bleeding (f DEP) Bronchosis (f BIB NAD) Cancer (f BIB) Cancer, colon (f BIB) Cancer, liver (f BIB) Cancer, lung (f BIB) Cancer, stomach (f BIB) Cancer, thyroid (f BIB) Cardiopathy (f IHB) Childbirth (f BIB IHB) Cholera (f HH2) Colic (f BIB DEP) Congestion (f BIB) Cough (f HH2) Dermatosis (f BIB) Diarrhea (f BIB) Dropsy (f BIB) Dysgeusia (f KAB) Enteralgia (f BIB) Enterosis (f BIB) Fever (f1 BIB DEP X8441779) Gastrosis (f BIB) Gout (f BIB DEP) Headache (f NAD) Hepatosis (f KAB) Hiccup (f BIB) Impotence (f KAB) Induration (f BIB) Leukoderma (f BIB KAB) Malaria (f BIB HH2) Nausea (f BIB DEP) Nephrosis (f BIB) Ophthalmia (f BIB) Otosis (f BIB) Pain (f BIB) Palpitation (f IHB) Palsy (f BIB DEP) Paralysis (f BIB) Pulmonosis (f BIB) Rheumatism (f BIB DEP) Smallpox (f IHB) Thirst (f KAB) Tumor (f JLH) Vertigo (f BIB DEP) Wound (f BIB).

Stone pine pinus pinea l abietaceae

Arteriosclerosis (f1 HOC) Arthrosis (f JLH) Bleeding (f HJP) Burn (f HJP) Callus (f JLH) Cancer (f JLH) Cancer, breast (f JLH) Cancer, bladder (f JLH) Cancer, kidney (f JLH) Cancer, liver (f JLH) Cancer, throat (f JLH) Cancer, uterus (f JLH) Condyloma (f JLH) Constipation (f HJP) Cystosis (f JLH) Fungus (f HJP) Hepatosis (f JLH) Impotence (f CJE) Induration (f JLH) Infection (f HJP) Mastosis (f JLH) Mycosis (f HJP) Nephrosis (f JLH) Phymata (f JLH) Ringworm (f HJP) Tumor (f JLH) Uterosis (f JLH) Worm (f HJP).

Hormones Used in Dieting

HGH is not available over the counter, but many companies offer supplements that supposedly increase the secretion of hGH. One in particular, GH+Releaser, claims to increase hGH levels by 402 percent and strengthen the immune system, reduce wrinkles, heighten sexual potency, enhance energy, improve sleep, sharpen the memory, reduce fat, increase lean body mass, and promote healing (GH+Releaser 2003). hGH has been proven to be effective in promoting weight loss and increases in muscle mass, but the long-term effects of hGH have yet to be discovered. Supplements claiming to increase hGH release have not been proven effective and may hold little or no benefit and also may be dangerous.

Indications Coriander

DEP PHR PH2) Headache (f1 PH2 X15612768) Gas (f1 APA BGB DEP EGG) Gastrosis (f1 BGB HHB BIB DEP EGG PHR PH2) Hemorrhoid (f APA DEP PH2) Hernia (f BIB) Hiccup (f KAB) Hysteria (f BIB BOU JFM) Impotence (f BIB BOU) Induration (f JLH) Infection (f1 HH2 PH2) Inflammation (f KAB) Intoxication (f BIB DEP) Jaundice (f KAB) Kernel (f JLH) Leprosy (f PHR PH2) Listeria (1 X11929164) Measles (f APA HAD PH2) Mycosis (f1 DEP HH2 X15612768) Nausea (f BIB GHA IHB) Nervousness (f BIB) Neuralgia (f APA BIB EGG NAD) Neurosis (f BOU) Obesity (1 X15462185) Ophthalmia (f BOU DEP GHA) Orchosis (f BOU) Otosis (f BOU) Pain (f KAB PH2) Parasite (f BOU) Pharyngosis (f PHR PH2) Ptomaine (f BIB) Puerperium (f PHR) Rash (f PHR PH2) Rheumatism (f BOU HHB NAD) Salmonella (1 HH2 X15161192) Scabies (f KAB) Sclerosis (f BIB) Scrofula (f PH2) Smallpox (f DEP) Snakebite (f BIB) Sore (f DEP) Soroche (f EGG) Splenosis (f BIB) Stomachache (f BIB EGG EB49 406) Stomatosis (f KAB PHR PH2) Swelling (f DEP GHA) Syphilis (f BIB...

Clinical phase III studies of IAS

Trial participants also compared QoL measures across the two study arms during the first 15 months following patient randomization, including measures of sexual function (impotence and libido), physical and emotional function, and energy level. They found improved sexual function in men who received IAS as compared to those on continuous therapy. Early results from the study by Calais da Silva et al. showed no clinically meaningful differences between groups in virtually all QoL parameters and no evidence that IAS carries a significantly higher risk of death 13 . Mottet et al. also reported no significant difference in QoL outcomes in patients receiving either IAS or CAS 38 . However, updated results from a larger cohort of the Calais da Silva study (maximum follow-up of 7 years median 2 years) suggest a better tolerability profile for IAS versus CAS, with up to three times as many patients in the CAS arm reporting side effects compared with IAS patients (hot flushes 23 vs. 7...

Endothelium Dependent Vasorelaxation of Ginsenosides

Endothelium plays an important role in regulating vascular tone by releasing several vasoactive autacoids, including prostacyclin, endothelium-derived relaxing factor (EDRF), and endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF) (79). EDRF has been identified as NO, which is produced from L-arginine by NOS (80). NO relaxes blood vessels mostly by stimulating soluble guanylyl cyclase, which leads to an increased production of cGMP in vascular smooth muscle (81). Ginsenosides have been found to lower blood pressure in a dose-dependent manner in rats at doses of 10-100 mg kg. This effect is mediated by release of endothelium-derived NO, enhancing the accumulation of cGMP (82). Recently, it has also been reported that ginseng can improve vascular endothelial dysfunction in patients with hypertension, possibly by increasing synthesis of NO. Protopanaxatriol and its purified ginsenosides Rg1 and Re caused endothelium-dependent relaxation, which is associated with the formation of cGMP. In...

Freezing Gametes and Embryos

As a back-up during IVF treatment When you undergo IVF treatment, you're asked to produce sperm 'on demand', which can be pretty nerve-racking. If you suffer from performance anxiety, you may be reassured by having some back-up frozen sperm, in case you can't produce the sperm sample when it's needed.

Indications Caper Bush

Adenopathy (f BIB JLH) Aging (f BIB) Allergy (1 X15799005) Amenorrhea (f DEP) Arteriosclerosis (f BIB BOU) Arthrosis (f BIB) Bleeding (f BOW) Cancer (f1 BIB) Cancer, abdomen (f1 FNF JLH) Cancer, bladder (f1 FNF JLH) Cancer, colon (f1 FNF JLH) Cancer, groin (f1 FNF JLH) Cancer, head (f1 FNF JLH) Cancer, kidney (f1 FNF JLH) Cancer, liver (f1 FNF JLH) Cancer, neck (f1 FNF JLH) Cancer, spleen (f1 FNF JLH) Cancer, uterus (f1 FNF JLH) Cataract (f BIB) Chill (f BIB BOU) Cirrhosis (f WO2) Cold (f BIB) Conjunctivosis (f BOW) Cough (f BOW GHA) Cramp (1 HOS) Cystosis (f JLH) Dengue (f BIB HJP) Diabetes (f GHA) Diarrhea (f BOW BOU) Dropsy (f BIB BOU DEP) Dysentery (f BIB) Dysmenorrhea (f BIB) Earache (f BI2 GHA) Enterosis (f BOW) Erythema (1 X15799005) Fever (f BOU) Fracture (f BIB) Ganglion (f BOU) Gastrosis (f BOW GHA) Gout (f DEP SKJ WO2) Headache (f BIB) Hepatosis (f1 JLH HOS WO2) Hyperacidity (f MKK) Impotence (f BOU) Induration (f JLH) Infection (f BOW BOU) Infertility (f BIB BOU)...

Beta Blockers and Anxiety Fear

Once again, the evidence seems to be contradictory. In laboratory studies of the effects of beta-blockers, the effects seem to be difficult to demonstrate (Reisenzein, 1994). However, extensive reviews demonstrate successful practical uses of beta-blockers for some kinds of anxiety disorders (Noyes, 1985) and also for reducing performance anxiety (Dimsdale, Newton, & Joist, 1989). Despite the mixed results with experimental populations, little question remains that beta-blockers are effective treatments for reducing anxiety in clinical populations. In sum, in a wide variety of studies, beta-blockers have reduced anxiety and aggression, and these effects seem to be due to the peripheral actions of the drugs. The weaker results in experimental studies may be due to the brief administration and often small doses employed (Noyes, 1985). The different results are probably not due to any differences between clinical and nonclin-ical populations, since many of the studies of the effects of...

Indications Desert Date

(f BOU KAB) Bronchosis (f UPW) Bubo (f HDN) Burn (f NAD WO2) Carbuncle (f UPW) Caries (f UPW) Catarrh (f HDN) Childbirth (f WO2) Circumcision fi (BOU) Cold (f DEP HDN) Colic (f BIB KAB NAD UPW) Conjunctivosis (f HDN) Cough (f BIB DEP KAB NAD) Cramp (f HDN) Dermatosis (f KAB) Diabetes (1 WO3) Diarrhea (f HDN) Dysentery (f KAB UPW) Edema (1 X15763372) Fasciolaris (1 X10904170) Fever (f BOU HDN) Freckle (f NAD WO2) Fungus (1 HDN) Gingivosis (f UPW) Guinea Worm (1 WO3) Hemorrhoid (f UPW) Hepatosis (f1 HDN UPW PR15 598) Herpes (1 BIB HDN) High Blood Pressure (1 HDN) Impotence (f UPW) Infection (f BIB) Infection (1 HDN) Infertility (f HDN) Inflammation (f1 HDN X15763372) Insanity (f HDN UPW) Jaundice (f1 UPW PR13 439 X10441790) Leprosy (f UPW) Leukoderma (f BOU KAB) Malaria (f1 BIB BI2 BOU) Mycosis (1 HDN) Pain (f1 BOU HDN X15763372) Paralysis (f UPW) Pertussis (f WO2) Pneumonia (f WO2) Pulmonosis (f WO2) Rheumatism (f BIB UPW) Schistosomiasis (1 HDN 15664459) Shingle (1 HDN) Sleeping...

Thuja Occidentalis And Rosacea Aggravations

238-39, 254-55, 280 Arisaema triphyllum (Arum triph.) 126, 280 Arnica montana (Arnica) 37, 280 animal bites 272 bleeding 270 bruising 273 burns 270 cramps 230-31 dizziness 266-67 erectile dysfunction 264-65 fractures 271 hydrocele 264-65 minor burns & scalds 273 minor cuts & grazes 272 minor eye & ear injuries 274 nosebleeds 274 sprains & strains 273 stings 272

Indications Camelthorn

Abscess (f BIB KAB) Adenopathy (f JLH UPW) Anorexia (f BIB SAY) Arthrosis (f GHA) Asthma (f BIB) Atherosclerosis (1 WO3) Bacteria (1 WO2) Biliousness (f DEP) Bleeding (f BIB) Bronchosis (f BIB) Cancer (f JLH) Cancer, abdomen (f JLH) Cancer, gland (f JLH) Cardiopathy (1 X1305866) Cataract (f GHA PAY) Catarrh (f PAY) Cerebrosis (f BIB) Constipation (f PAY) Corneosis (f BIB) Cough (f DEP PAY) Dermatosis (f BIB) Diarrhea (f1 SAY X15138016) Enterosis (f UPW) Epistaxis (f BIB) Fever (f PAY) Gastrosis (f PAY) Gingivosis (f PAY) Halitosis (f PAY) Headache (f BIB WO3) Hematachezia (f PAY) Hemicrania (f BIB KAB) Hemorrhoid (f BIB KAB) High Blood Pressure (1 WO3) High Cholesterol (1 WO3) High Triglycerides (1 WO3) Impotence (f PAY) Infection (f1 PAY WO2) Jaundice (f GHA) Leprosy (f BIB KAB) Migraine (f BIB) Nephrosis (f PAY) Obesity (f1 BIB KAB WO3) Odontosis (f PAY) Opacity (f BIB) Ophthalmia (f KAB) Pain (f1 GHA WO3 X15507342) Polyp (f JLH) Pulmonosis (f JLH PAY WO3) Rheumatism (f PAY WO2)...

Are there treatments for loss of genital sensation

A loss of sensation in the genital area can pose problems for both men and women with MS. Fortunately, such a loss of sensation in most patients is usually temporary. In men, the use of Viagra and the other drugs in this group can, in part, overcome erectile dysfunction related to decreased sensation in some cases. Temporary or not, for many women, the use of vibrators can overcome the inability to achieve orgasm. Eros is a specially designed commercially available device to enhance clitoral engorgement and provide stimulation for women who require it. It is important that women consult physicians who are knowledgeable in this area. Generally, gynecologists and sex therapists are better informed than most physicians.

Traditional Chinese Tibetan And Ayurvedic Medicine

China and the Indian subcontinent have developed what are probably the two most widely known systems of traditional health care traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and Ayurvedic medicine. TCM refers to an ancient healing system that is thought to predate current Western medicine by over 2,000 years.4 It encompasses a range of seemingly disparate techniques and materials, including widely popular areas such as acupuncture, massage, and herbal preparations, as well as the more esoteric areas of moxibustion and qi gong. Ginseng (Panax ginseng) is probably the most famous medicinal herb used in traditional Chinese medicine, and the one best know to Westerners. Many other herbs, such as ma huang and gingko biloba, have been used in Chinese medicine for over 3,000 years but are only now enjoying great popularity in Western industrialized countries.

Indications Fenugreek

Enteralgia (f APA CRC) Edema (f BOW) Enterosis (f BGB BOU PH2 WOI) Exhaustion (f MAD) Fever (f1 APA BOU CRC PH2 X15374601) Fistula (f CRC) Fracture (f HJP) Furunculosis (f BGB HHB PHR VAD), Gas (f1 APA) Gastrosis (f APA BGB BOU CAN GMH) Gonorrhea (f UPW) Gout (f BGB CAN CRC GMH) Hay Fever (f PED) Helicobacter (1 X15331344) Hemorrhoid (f MAD NAD) Hepatosis (f CRC JLH KAP) Hernia (f APA BGB CRC PH2) High Blood Pressure (f1 CAN HJP), High Cholesterol (2 APA BRU CAN SKY) High Triglycerides (1 BGB SKY) Hyperlipidemia (1 BGB) Impotence (f APA CRC PH2) Impotence (f DAA) Infection (1 APA WOI X15331344) Inflammation (f12 APA BRU KOM PH2 X15374601) Itch (f BOU) Ischemia (1 X16205934) Kidney stone (1 JEB26 249) Labor (f1 APA) Leprosy (f UPW) Leukorrhea (f KAP) Lymphadenitis (f BGB CAN) Mastosis (f JLH) Muscular Dystrophy (f UPW) Myalgia (f BGB CAN) Nematode (1 PR15 538) Nephrosis (f APA CRC JLH) Neuralgia (f APA CRC) Neurasthenia (f BOW GMH NAD) Ophthalmia (f JLH VAD) Orchosis (f JLH)...

Shi QuanDaBuTang Ten Significant Tonic Decoction

Food-grade herbs have been used in a famous recipe, ''Shi-Quan-Da-Bu-Tang,'' which was formulated in the Chinese Song dynasty in a.d. 1200. It is prepared by extracting a mixture of 10 medical herbs Rehmannia glutinosa (root, steamed) Paeonia lactiflora (root) Ligusticum chuanxiong (rhizome) Angelica sinensis (root) Glycyrrhiza uralensis (rhizome and root, honey-fried) Poria cocos (sclerotium) Atractylodes macrocephala (rhizome) Panax ginseng (root) Astragalus membranaceus (root, honey-fried) Cinnamomum cassia (bark). This potent and popular prescription has traditionally been used against anemia, anorexia, extreme exhaustion, fatigue, kidney and spleen insufficiency, and general weakness, particularly after illness. In animal studies, Shi-Quan-Da-Bu-Tang prevented body weight loss and protected against 1,2-dimethylhydrazine-induced colon cancer (83), with significant differences in mortality, fatigue, cold temperature endurance, and immune-function-related organ weight change,...

The Biology of Reproduction

Female Reproductive System Side View

The urethra, the tube in which this mixing takes place, passes through the prostate, which enables the prostate secretions to enter the urethra through tiny ducts. The male urethra has two functions. When a man urinates, it transports urine from the bladder. During intercourse, it carries semen. When a man is sexually stimulated, the opening between the bladder and the urethra is closed to prevent urine from joining the semen. (After a man has been sexually aroused, it takes a short time for this system to reverse itself so he is able to urinate.) lar walls are lined with a folded mucous membrane and contain many blood vessels. When you examine it with your fingers, the vagina feels both soft and muscular. In most women, the lower third is sensitive to sexual stimulation and the upper portion is less responsive. The vagina's walls are folded in on themselves so closely they touch, yet they have a great capacity for expanding around an object such as a penis, a baby, or a diaphragm....

Solanaceae Nightshade family

- Chinese saying, referring to sexual potency of lycium In China it has long been claimed that lycium improves sexual performance, mainly in older men. Research has found that regular doses of the berries can raise testosterone levels when these are deficient. Many older men have this problem, so to this extent lycium may reduce impotence and can be seen as aphrodisiac.

Eccles Wigfield and Colleagues Work on Subjective Task Values

Finally, Eccles and her colleagues identified cost as a critical component of value (Eccles et al., 1983 Eccles, 1987). Cost is conceptualized in terms of the negative aspects of engaging in the task, such as performance anxiety, fear of both failure and success, the amount of effort that needed to succeed and the lost opportunities that result from making one choice rather than another.

Herbal Immunostimulant Compounds

The (probable) active ingredients of the herbal compounds in Table 12.1 tend to fall into a limited number of chemical families one of these is high-molecular-weight polysaccharides, which are large sugar molecules. Natural compounds containing them include Astragalus, Ganoderma, Eleutherococcus, and PSK. A second family of immunostimulating compounds is the saponins. Natural compounds with these are Eleuthero-coccus and ginseng. It is tempting to speculate that the most effective combinations of herbal immune stimulants will contain compounds from both families, and in fact, most multiherb, immunostimulating formulas used in Chinese herbal medicine do have both. Some herbs themselves also include compounds from both families, as is the case with Eleutherococcus and ginseng.

Acidum Nitricum For Heartburn

See also Acidum salicylicum salivary glands 188 salt see Natrum chloratum salt of tartar see Kalium carbonicum saltpeter see Kalium nitricum Sambucus nigra (Sambucus) 164, 305 san qi ginseng see Panax pseudoginseng Sanguinaria canadensis (Sanguinaria) 164, 305 Sanicula Sanicula water 306 see also individual ailments by name, e.g., erectile dysfunction shade tree see Ailanthus altissima shepherd's purse see Capsella bursa-pastoris shock

Bone Marrow Stimulation During Chemotherapy

Saiko-keishi-to, a spray-dried decoction of Bupleurum, (cinnamon, peony, ginger, licorice, ginseng, pinellia, zizyphus and baical) was administered to 24 people with epilepsy, who had frequent uncontrollable seizures (3-5 seizures per day in the most severe case and 5 seizures per month in the mildest case) of various types, despite treatment with pharmaceutical anticonvulsants. Of them, 6 were well controlled with Saiko-keishi-to whereas 13 experienced improvement and 3 showed no effect. No patients experienced worsening of their condition. Two patients dropped out during treatment (Narita et al 1982).

Homeopathic medicine

Remedies for the specific symptoms of an enlarged prostate include Sabal, if urination is difficult or if there are spasms of the bladder or urethra Baryta carb., when there is a frequent urge to urinate, a slow stream of urine, and impotence Iodum, when there are shrunken testicles, impotence, and the prostate feels hard and Argentum nit., for prostate problems associated with erectile dysfunction. For symptoms of prostatitis, Sabal is given if the prostate is enlarged and the area around the gland feels cold Chimaphila, if prostatic fluid is leaking from the penis and there is urine retention Selenium, when urine dribbles from the penis and there is impotence and Capsicum for burning pains in the prostate.

Types of Self Help for Sexual Dysfunctions

Heiman, LoPiccolo, and LoPiccolo (1976), and Zeiss and Zeiss (1978). Slob and Vink (2002), Hengeveld (1994), and van Lankveld (1993, 2004) have written similar manuals in the Dutch language. Bibliotherapy is often applied within self-help formats with minimal or no therapist contact but has also been applied as an adjuvant to therapist-administered treatments (Gillan, Golombok, & Becker, 1980 Halvorsen & Metz, 1992 McCarthy, 1984, 1989). Although these manuals vary in several respects, all share an emphasis on behavioral strategies that agree with the Masters and Johnson (1970) approach of the couple-based directed practice. When the sexual problems are experienced by men and women who are in a steady relationship, the focus of change is on the couple, with the exception of the directed masturbation practice for anorgasmia. The treatment is learning oriented and stipulates gradual exposure to problematic aspects of sexual functioning. In the more recent manuals, a stronger emphasis is...

Minerals Metals and Microbial Content

Activity Collor Oranger

Particular attention has been given to the germanium content of Ganoderma spp. Germanium was fifth highest in terms of concentration (489 Ag g) among minerals detected in Ganoderma fruit bodies collected from nature (48). This mineral is also present in the order of parts per billion in many plant-based foods including ginseng, aloes, and garlic (100). Germanium is not an essential element but, at low doses, has been ascribed immuno-potentiating, antitumor, antioxidant, and antimutagenic activities (32,101103). However, although the germanium content of G. lucidum has often been used to promote G. lucidum-based products, there is no firm evidence linking this element with specific health benefits associated with the mushroom.

Drugherb Herb Herb Interactions

Contraceptives (ethinylestradiol desogestrel), loperamide, or selective seroto-nin-reuptake inhibitors (sertaline, paroxetine, nefazodone). Ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba) interactions include bleeding when combined with warfarin, raised blood pressure when combined with a thiazide diuretic, and coma when combined with trazodone. Ginseng (Panax ginseng) lowers blood concentrations of alcohol and warfarin, and induces mania if used concomitantly with phenelzine (37). Garlic (Allium sativum) changes pharmacokinetic variables of paracetamol, decreases blood concentrations of warfarin, and produces hypoglycemia when taken with chlorpropamide. Kava (Piper methysticum) increases ''off'' periods in Parkinson patients taking levodopa and can cause a semicomatose state when given concomitantly with alprazo-lam. No interactions were found for echinacea (Echinacea angustifolia, E. purpurea, E. pallida) and saw palmetto (Serenoa repens). Thus, interactions between herbal medicines and synthetic drugs...

Acute and late adverse events of LDR brachytherapy

Erectile impotence occurs from 20 to 80 after implantation. According to Zelefsky et al 79 , whereas the incidence of impotence at 2 years after implantation was 21 , the rate increased to 42 at 5 years after. Merrick et al. 80 reported that there is a strong correlation between radiation-induced impotence and the dose to the penile bulb and proximal penis. They recommend that with day 0 dosimetric evaluation, the minimum dose delivered to 50 and 25 of the bulb should be maintained below 40 and 60 of prescribed minimum peripheral dose, respectively, whereas the minimum dose delivered to 50 and 25 of the crura should be maintained below 40 and 28 of prescribed minimum peripheral dose, respectively, to maximize posttreatment potency. Several reports suggest that sildenafil citrate have good response to impotence after im-plantation 81, 82 . Potters et al. 83 reported that the addition of neoadjuvant androgen deprivation had a significant impact on the potency preservation rate after...

Erectile and orgasmic dysfunction

Long-standing, untreated hypertension is well known to have a negative impact on sexual function and can lead to complete impotence. Unfortunately, antihypertensive drugs still have a bad reputation with regard to erectile function. Some of the older antihypertensive drugs, such as resurpine and guanethidine, have a well-known negative effect on erectile and orgasmic function. Diuretics, beta-blockers, and antiadrenergic drugs, as well as alpha-blockers, diminish erectile function. Failure to ejaculate, or even retrograde ejaculation into the bladder, may occur with some antiadrenergic drugs. In women, diuretics and certain antiadrenergic drugs may interfere with lubrication. Beta-blockers are known to cause orgasmic dysfunction in women and men alike. BP lowering (by any drug) may by itself, at least initially, have a slight negative impact on erectile function. However, the body fairly rapidly adjusts to the lower BP level and, with modern antihypertensive therapy (calcium...

Prevention Of Damage From Toxins

Ginseng extract has been shown to be beneficial in the prevention and treatment of testicular damage induced by environmental pollutants. Dioxin is one of the most potent toxic environmental pollutants. Exposure to dioxin either in adulthood or during late fetal and early postnatal development causes a variety of adverse effects on the male reproductive system. The chemical decreases spermatogenesis and the ability to conceive and carry a pregnancy to full term. Pretreatment with 100 or 200 mg kg ginseng aqueous extract intraperitoneally for 28 days prevented toxic effects of dioxin in guinea pigs. There was no loss in body weight, testicular weight or damage to spermatogenesis (Kim et al 1999). In guinea pigs P. ginseng also improves the survival and quality of sperm exposed dioxin (Hwang et al 2004).

Gender Differences In The Consequences Of Substance Abuse

Women's reproductive function increases alcohol- and drug-related health risks to themselves and to their unborn children. Alcohol and drug abuse are associated with numerous disorders of the female reproductive system, including breast cancer, amenorrhea, failure to ovulate, atrophy of the ovaries, miscarriage, and early menopause. Men also experience reproductive and sexual difficulties as a result of alcohol and drug abuse, including impotence, low testosterone levels, testicular atrophy, breast enlargement, and diminished sexual interest.

Effects on the Reproductive System

Epimedium has been reported to have proreproductive effects in the popular press. Teeguarden (52) anecdotally reported that E. sagittatum seemed to stimulate the sensory nerves throughout the body, particularly in the genital region. The effect of Epimedium herb on the testes, prostate gland, and leva-tor ani muscle (which supports the body in thrusting movements) was reported to enhance male sexual function indirectly (53). E. sagittatum appeared to have a sexual potentiation effect and to improve the quality of life in the patients of chronic renal failure with regular hemodialysis (39). Icariin from Epimedium could inhibit contraction of arterial smooth muscle rings that restrict blood flow in the body, via a Ca2 + channel-blocking mechanism, further enhancing vasodilation (48). On the other hand, the chief ingredient of Epimedium herb, icariin, can promote the development of epididymes and seminal vesicle of mouse. In vitro animal studies suggest that icariin may enhance the...

Enhanced Cognitive Function And Alertness

Another double-blind, placebo controlled study investigated the effects of a single dose of guarana (75 mg) on cognition, in combination with and in comparison to ginseng (Panax ginseng 200 mg) in 28 healthy volunteers (Kennedy et al 2004). Guarana was shown to produce comparable effects to ginseng in improved task performance with all three treatments better than placebo. However, guarana was superior to ginseng in improving the speed of performed tasks. Once again, given the low caffeine content (9 mg) of the guarana extract used in that study, the effects are unlikely to be attributable to its caffeine content alone, particularly as the dose was shown to be as effective as a 16-fold dose of pure caffeine.

Having sex on demand where did the fun go

Infertile couples commonly feel that the joy and pleasure they used to experience in their sexual relationship goes out the window when the focus is on baby making rather than on love making. Trying hard to time sex at the most fertile stage can be the biggest turn-off and can dampen your enjoyment. It may even give him 'performance anxiety' and cause erection difficulties. And her libido may take a beating from tension about infertility and doubt about ever falling pregnant.

Anticarcinogenic Activity

The main weapons in the war against cancer have been early detection and surgical removal, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and attempts to develop gene therapy. However, the result have been less than ideal, and the dominant strategy is now changing from therapeutic approaches to prevention of cancer by identifying effective natural products as chemopreventive agents. One promising candidate with cancer-preventive effects is ginseng. Its usefulness as an anticarcinogen has been shown by extensive preclinical and epidemio-logical studies. The following details anticarcinogenic effects of ginseng based on its diverse mechanisms.

Antiatherosclerosis and Antiplatelet Effects of Ginsenosides

Endothelial cell damage is considered to be the initial step in the genesis of thrombosis and arteriosclerosis, the common precursors of cardiovascular disoders. Platelet hyperfunction, such as enhanced platelet aggregation associated with overproduction of thromboxane A2 (TXA2), a potent platelet aggregative and vasoconstrictive substance, has been frequently encountered in patients with cardiovascular thrombotic diseases. Prostaglandin I2 (PGI2), a potent antiplatelet aggregative and vasodilatatory substance produced in vascular walls, is also reported to synthesize less in patients with atherosclerotic changes than in normal subjects. Panaxynol was found to markedly inhibit the aggregation of platelets induced by collagen, arachidonic acid, and platelet-activating factor (PAF), while ginsenosides had no significant effect on the aggregation. It was suggested that panaxynol is the most potent antiplatelet agent in ginseng and its mechanism of action is chiefly due to the inhibition...

Effects on Tumor Cell Cytotoxicity and Differentiation

Saponin and nonsaponin compounds have been reported to show cytotoxic activities against various kinds of cancer cell lines in culture. The major active components are ginsenoside Rh2, a peculiar component of red ginseng, and also polyacetylenes, panaxydol, panaxynol, and panaxytriol. In addition, ace-tylpanaxydol and panaxydolchlorohydrin, showing cytotoxicity against lymph-oid leukemia L1210, have been isolated from Korean ginseng root (45). The critical early even in the cytotoxicity of panaxytriol was identified as ATP depletion resulting from a direct inhibition of mitochondrial respiration (46). Further experimental evidence suggested that polyacetylenes inhibited the synthesis of macromolecules such as DNA, RNA, and protein in L1210 cells, resulting in cytotoxicity (17). Ginseng was found to have the ability to induce the transformation of neoplastic cells into normal cells. Ginsenoside Rh2 inhibited the growth and colony-forming ability of Morris hepatoma cells in soft agar...

Indications Vine of Sodom

Anorexia (f UPW) Backache (f ZUL) Bacteria (1 X9644084) Boil (f UPW ZUL) Cancer (f1 JLH X3621146) Cancer, skin (f1 JLH X3621146) Cataract (f UPW) Constipation (f ZUL) Cough (f HOC) Cystosis (f HOC ZUL) Dermatosis (f1 BIB ZUL X3621146) Dropsy (f ZUL) Edema (f HOC) Enterosis (f ZUL) Fever (f UPW) Fungus (f BIB) Gas (f ZUL) Impotence (f BIB HOC ZUL) Infection (f1 BIB X9644084) Infertility (f BIB HOC ZUL) Itch (f ZUL) Keratoacanthoma (1 X3621146) Keratosis (1 X3621146) Leprosy (f UPW) Mycobacteria (1 X9644084) Mycosis (f BIB) Ophthalmia (f UPW) Otosis (f UPW) Pain (f ZUL) Proctosis (f BIB) Ringworm (f BIB UPW) Sore (f UPW) Swelling (f HOC) Toothache (f BIB ZUL) Tumor (f JLH) Wound (f BIB ZUL).

Precipitating Factors

It also should be noted that alcohol and other drugs have a pharmacological effect on sexual arousal and sexual behavior. Among men, alcohol can cause secondary impotence and heroin use can delay ejaculation. There also is evidence to support the notion that cocaine use can increase sexual interest for men and women, and marijuana use has become associated with uninhibited sexual activity. Some women find that heroin use by their partner prolongs intercourse, and once heroin is used as an adjunct to sexual activity, couples are prone to relapse to drug use (Lex, 1990).

Indications Poison Hemlock

Adenopathy (f CRC JLH PH2) Amenorrhea (f CRC) Arteriosclerosis (f BOU) Arthritis (f BIB PHR PH2) Asthma (f BUR CRC PHR PH2) Backache (f PHR PH2) Bite (f BOU) Bronchosis (f CRC PHR PH2) Burn (f AAH) Cachexia (f CRC) Cacoethes (f CRC) Cancer (f CRC) Cancer, breast (f CRC JLH) Cancer, colon (f JLH) Cancer, face (f JLH) Cancer, ganglia (f JLH) Cancer, gland (f JLH) Cancer, intestine (f CRC) Cancer, liver (f JLH) Cancer, mesentery (f JLH) Cancer, neck (f JLH) Cancer, nose (f CRC) Cancer, pancreas (f CRC) Cancer, parotids (f CRC) Cancer, penis (f JLH) Cancer, scrotum (f JLH) Cancer, skin (f CRC JLH) Cancer, spleen (f JLH) Cancer, sternum (f CRC) Cancer, stomach (f JLH) Cancer, testicle (f JLH) Cancer, uterus (f CRC JLH) Cancer, viscera (f CRC) Carcinoma (f CRC) Carditis (f CRC) Cerebrosis (f PH2) Chorea (f CRC) Colic (f CRC) Cough (f CRC PHR) Cramp (f PHR PH2) Delirium (f CRC) Depression (f PH2) Dermatosis (f CRC) Dyslactea (f CRC) Dysmenorrhea (f CRC) Eczema (f CRC) Edema (f JLH) Enterosis...

Neuroendocrine Effects of Alcohol

The development of female secondary sexual characteristics in men (e.g., gynaecomastia and tes-ticular atrophy) generally only occurs after the development of cirrhosis. In women, the hormonal changes may reduce libido, disrupt menstruation, or even induce premature menopause. Sexual dysfunction is also common in men with reduced libido and impotence. Fertility may also be reduced, with decreased sperm counts and motility.

Clinical Studies With Chinese Herbal Formulas

No discussion on using natural immunostimulant compounds in cancer therapy would be complete without some consideration of the many clinical studies that have been done in China. Studies have been conducted on the combined use of chemotherapy and Chinese herbal medicine, as well as on the anticancer use of Chinese herbal medicine alone. The majority of herbal formulas used in the Chinese studies were composed primarily of immunostimulant herbs such as those in Table 12.1 (for example, most formulas included Astragalus or ginseng or both). In Chinese herbal medicine, most of these herbs are considered tonics for the qi, or vital energy.a (For contents of the herbal formulas mentioned below, see Table H.2 in Appendix H for more information on the theory of using Chinese herbs in cancer treatment, see reference 68).

Indications Indian Gum Arabic Tree

(f KAB WO3) Burn (f SKJ WO3) Cancer (f BIB JLH) Cancer, ear (f JLH) Cancer, eye (f JLH) Cancer, liver (f JLH) Cancer, spleen (f JLH) Cancer, testes (f JLH) Cataract (f GHA) Catarrh (f GHA HH2) Childbirth (f DEP) Chill (f ZUL) Cholecystosis (f BIB EB22 173) Cholera (f SKJ WO3) Cold (f GHA) Colic (f KAB) Condyloma (f BIB) Congestion (f BIB) Conjunctivosis (f DEP NAD) Cough (f DEP KAB NAD) Cramp (f BOU) Cystosis (f DEP) Dermatosis (f BOU WO3) Diabetes (f1 BOU DEP GHA SUW WO3 ZUL) Diarrhea (f GHA GMH PH2 SUW) Dysentery (f BIB DEP SUW) Dyslactea (1 X15283686) Dyspepsia (f ZUL) Dysuria (f KAB) Edema (1 X8982438) Enterosis (f1 DEP X15476301) Fever (f BIB BOU UPW) Flu (1 FNF) Fracture (f KAB) Fungus (1 WO3) Gastrosis (f DEP) Gingivosis (f BOU DEP PH2) Gonorrhea (f1 DEP KAB ZUL) Hemorrhoid (f BIB KAB PH2) Hepatosis (f1 BIB WO3 PR14 510 X11054840) High Blood Pressure (f1 BOU ZUL) HIV (1 X10189947) Hypersalivation (f DEP) Impotence (f NAD UPW) Induration (f BIB JLH) Infection (1 WO3 ZUL...

Diuretics and diuretic combinations

In addition, the risk of sudden death has been shown to rise with increasing doses of thiazide diuretics and to be reduced with the addition of a potassium-sparing compound. In general, fixed diuretic combinations are well tolerated and have remarkably few adverse effects. In combinations containing high doses of ACE inhibitors or ARBs hyperkalemia is of concern in susceptible patients, such as patients with diabetes or chronic renal failure. In rare instances, triamterene has been associated with kidney stones. Spironolactone is known to cause gynecomastia, impotence, menstrual irregularities, and, rarely, agranulocytosis. However, these endocrine adverse effects usually occur at higher doses (above 25 mg day) only. In the Randomized Aldactone Evaluation Study (RALES) 38 , spironolactone was shown to decrease morbidity and mortality when added to standard triple therapy in patients with heart failure. A novel aldosterone antagonist (eplerenone) is...

Antihypertensive Effects

High blood pressure is associated with decreased life expectancy and increased risk of stroke, coronary heart disease, and other end-organ diseases such as renal failure. Ginseng contains active compounds that normalize blood pressure. The effect of a certain drug on blood pressure can be analyzed by investigating the effect of the drug on the smooth muscle of blood vessels. It is well established that blood vessel smooth muscle tone is regulated by the available intracellular Ca2+ concentration, which in turn is profoundly influenced by interaction of the cellular membrane and sarcoplasmic reticu-lum in the smooth muscle. It was found that both protopanxatriol and protopanaxadiol saponins inhibit Ca2+ binding to the cellular membrane protopanaxatriol is approximately 180 more potent than protopanaxadiol ginsenosides (76). It was reported that ginseng induced no significant change in blood pressure in subjects with normal blood pressure, but had a normalizing effect on subjects with...

Functional and Pharmacological Components of Foods and Drinks

There is growing interest, particularly in the food and beverage industry, in developing foods and drinks with functional properties (nutraceuticals) attractive to the consumer. These include effects on behavior, such as improvements in cognitive function, mood, and physical performance. Components of interest include caffeine, herbal extracts such as ginkgo biloba and panax ginseng, micronutrients, essential fatty acids, amino-acids, and carbohydrates. There is some support for beneficial effects of these components, but they are not reviewed further here.

Consistency And Standardization

Regulate quality control measures for herbal products, the consumer must rely on the integrity of the manufacturer. Unfortunately, numerous instances of misbranding, adulteration, and contamination of herbal products, sometimes resulting in poisoning, have been reported.2,3 Consistency and standardization of extracts are other areas that need to be examined. A 1995 study by Consumer Reports of ten popular brands of ginseng showed that the amount of active ingredient varied considerably, with some actually having no ginseng in them.4 Another study of feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium) preparations used to treat migraine found that many commercial brands had no detectable levels of parthenolide, the active component in fever-few.5 To complicate matters, some herbal preparations may have several active constituents so which one should be standardized Sometimes the active ingredients have not even been identified. However, without adequate guidelines and regulations, consumers cannot be...

Talh acacia seyal delile fabaceae

Biliousness (f UPW) Aphrodisiac (f UPW) Bleeding (f UPW) Burn (f UPW) Cancer (f1 UPW) Cold (f BOU) Conjunctivosis (f UPW) Diarrhea (f UPW) Dysentery (f UPW) Enterosis (f DAW) Fever (f BOU UPW) Gastrosis (f BOU) Gonorrhea (f UPW) Headache (f UPW) Impotence (f UPW) Inflammation (f BOU) Jaundice (f UPW) Leprosy (f UPW) Lice (f UPW) Ophthalmia (f UPW) Pain (f BOU UPW) Puerperium (f BOU) Respirosis (f BOU) Rheumatism (f BOU UPW) Snakebite (f UPW) Syphilis (f UPW) Ulcer (f BOU) Venereal Disease (f UPW).

The Unconscious Process Of Identification

When patients enter psychotherapy, it is not uncommon for them to speak in a psychological voice other than their own. They speak with the voice of someone with whom they have identified. This identification can be with someone from the patient's past or someone from his or her present such as a spouse. The latter identification can be understood via the concept identification with the aggressor. McWilliams (1999) writes that identification with the aggressor occurs in traumatic situations and operates as a defense against fear and the sense of impotence.

Indications Faba Bean

Abscess (f EB49 406) ADD (1 FNF) Addiction (1 FNF) Adenopathy (f JLH) Asthma (f SOU) Boil (f SOU) Bronchosis (1 FNF) Burns (f PHR) Callus (f JLH) Cancer (1 FNF) Cancer, bladder (f1 FNF JLH) Cancer, breast (f1 FNF JLH) Cancer, eyes (f1 FNF JLH) Cancer, eyelid (1 FNF JLH) Cancer, foot (1 FNF JLH) Cancer, gland (1 FNF JLH) Cancer, liver (1 FNF JLH) Cancer, parotid (f1 FNF JLH) Cancer, penis (1 FNF JLH) Cancer, spleen (1 FNF JLH) Cancer, stomach (1 FNF JLH) Cancer, testes (1 FNF JLH) Corn (f JLH) Cough (f PHR PH2) Cramp (f BOU) Cystosis (f JLH) Dermatosis (f PHR PH2) Drunkenness (2 BIB FNF) Encephalitis (1 FNF) Felon (f JLH) Flu (f ROE) Fungus (1 WOI) Gastrosis (f BOU JLH) Hepatosis (f JLH) Impotence (1 BIB FNF) Induration (f JLH) Leukemia (1 FNF) Mastosis (f JLH) Melanoma (1 FNF) Mycosis (1 WOI) Nephrosis (f BOU PHR PH2) Ophthalmia (f JLH) Orchosis (f JLH) Osteoporosis (1 FNF) Pain (f BOU) Parkinson's (12 FNF) Pneumonia (f BIB) Pulmonosis (f BIB) Sclerosis (f BIB) Smoking (1 FNF) Sore (f...

Physiotherapy procedures in the management of the patient with prostate cancer

Physiotherapy also assists with postoperative respiratory recovery, early mobilization, lym-phoedema prevention, education and garments if required, as well as the later management of pelvic floor re-education, continence advice and lymphoedema treatment if necessary. Men undergoing RP under a general anaesthetic will be off work for about 6 weeks. Moerover, they will stay in hospital for 5-7 days and have a urinary catheter for 2 weeks. The sphincter valve has gone and the urine leaks without control, day and night until the patient has learned again to use his muscles of the pelvic floor to regain his continence. Concerning ED, when a man wakes up from a RP he will almost certainly have ED initially. If there is going to be a recovery of erectile function, it may take 18-24 months to occur. Approximately 30 of men will recover erectile function and medication (Viagra or Cialis) will usually boost this recovery. However, physiotherapy procedures could be another suitable option...

Chemical Components

Of the steroidal saponins, protodioscin is considered the chief constituent responsible for the plant's effects on libido and sexual functioning. Preliminary observations suggest that Tribulus terrestris grown in different soils does not consistently produce this constituent and considerable variations have been identified in commercial products (Ganzera et al 2001).

Immunomodula Tion

Siberian ginseng appears to exert an immunomodulatory rather than just an immunosuppressive or stimulating action however, evidence for the immune enhancing effects of Siberian ginseng is contradictory. Clinical studies in vitro and in vivo have revealed stimulation of general non-specific resistance and an influence on T-lymphocytes, NK cells and cytokines (Bohn et al 1987, Schmolz et al 2001), although other studies suggest that Siberian ginseng does not significantly stimulate the innate macrophage immune functions that influence cellular immune responses (Wang et al 2003). Alternatively, another in vitro study has demonstrated that activation of macrophages and NK cells does occur and may be responsible for inhibiting tumor metastasis both prophylactically and therapeutically (Yoon et al 2004).

Drugs Metabolised Chiefly By Cyp1a And Cyp2d6

Mixed reports exist as to whether ginseng may act as an inhibitor of cytochrome CYP1A (Gurley et al 2005, Lee et al 2002b, Yu etal 2005) or CYP2D6 (Gurley et al 2005) and if so whether the effect is likely to be clinically significant. Observe for increased drug bioavailability and clinical effects. Ginseng Korean 565 Vi Ginseng increased the mean plasma concentration of the calcium channel blocker nifedipine by 53 at 30 minutes in an open trial of 22 healthy subjects. Effects at other time points were not reported (Smith et al 2001). Caution.

Prevention Of Infection

Due to the herb's ability to directly and indirectly modulate immune responses, it is also used to increase resistance to infection. One double-blind study of 1000 Siberian factory workers supports this, reporting a 50 reduction in general illness and a 40 reduction in absenteeism over a 12-month period, following 30 days' administration of Siberian ginseng (Farnsworth et al 1985). More recently, a 6-month controlled trial in males and females with recurrent herpes infection found that Siberian ginseng (2 g day) successfully reduced the frequency of infection by 50 (Williams 1995). In practice, Siberian ginseng is generally used as a preventative medicine, as administration during acute infections is widely thought to increase the severity of the illness, although this has not been borne out in controlled studies using Siberian ginseng in combination with other herbs. A small RCT demonstrated a significant reduction in the severity of familial Mediterranean fever in children using a...

The importance of the early diagnosis of the prostate cancer

The considerations about the early detection of the PCa is necessary, due to, there is considerable variation in the likely side effects and risks of long-term consequences such as urinary incontinence (UI) and erectile dysfunction (ED) in patients with PCa. With the early diagnosis there is an expectation of curing cancer, minimizing the risk of UI and ED and increasing the quality of life of the patient 38-41 . Penile erection is the consequence of a complex neurovascular process in which nerves, en-dothelium of sinusoids and blood vessels, and smooth muscle cells are involved. Several central nervous and peripheral transmitters and transmitter systems participate in the process and the nitric oxide (NO) is the main mediator of penile erection. It is produced by a group of enzymes called nitric oxide synthase (NOS) which utilizes the amino acid L-argi-nine and molecular oxygen as substrates to produce NO and L-citrulline. The endothelial NOS is constitutively expressed within the...

Can my diabetes affect my sex life If so how and what can I do about it

Diabetes can have a profound effect upon a person's sexual drive, functioning, and satisfaction. This is especially apparent in men, although there is some evidence that some women with diabetes can also experience adverse effects on their sexual responses. The reason for the significant effects on male sexual function arises from the complexity of the penile erection mechanism. This requires satisfactory nerve, blood vessel, and hormone function to be achieved and sustained. Diabetic nerve damage (see Question 32) can be of two main types. One form is damage to the system that serves conscious movement and sensation and the other is damage to the system that serves unconscious or automatic responses, such as bowel contraction and the heart beat. The erectile mechanism is served by the latter, while the sensation of pleasure in sexual performance is served by the former. Since the nerves to the genital area are relatively lengthy, they are prone to the damage described in Question 32....

Reasons for testosterone measurement in prostate cancer

But testosterone measurements are not important only for urologists, who, apart from main reason - decisions related to prostate cancer management, use it for example also for aging male symptomatology and evaluation of patients with erectile dysfunction. Also other medical specialties, like endocrinology, pediatrics, gynecology or oncology use testosterone measurements for their conditions, like diagnosing and monitoring hyper- or hypo- andro-genic disorders in women, like polycystic ovary syndrome, alopecia, acne, hirsutism or hy-poactive sexual desire disorder androgen secreting neoplasms congenital syndromes with ambiguous genitalia Pediatrics and endocrinology were in the past probably most frequent users of testosterone assays, but nowadays most laboratories receive most testosterone requests from urologists.

Medical And Nonmedical Uses

AASs are prescribed by physicians to treat a variety of medical conditions (Bagatell & Bremner, 1996). The most accepted use is for treating boys and men unable to produce normal levels of their own testosterone, a condition known as testosterone deficiency or hypogonadism. AASs are also used to treat a rare skin condition called hereditary angioedema, certain forms of anemia (deficiency of red blood cells), advanced breast cancer, and endometriosis (a painful condition in females in which tissue usually found only in the uterus develops in other body parts). AASs are also combined with female hormones to treat distressing symptoms that can accompany menopause. Experimentally, AASs have been used to treat a condition in which bone loss occurs (osteoporosis), to treat impotency and low sexual desire, and as a male birth control pill. In addition, AASs have been used in the treatment of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) to stimulate appetite, weight gain, strength, and...

Treatment sideeffects and their psychological impact

Men confronted with this treatment decision often need to take into consideration a range of factors, including the potential physical side effects of treatments and their psychological, social and emotional consequences. For example, patients being treated with radical therapies can experience severe side-effects, such as urinary incontinence (UI) and erectile dysfunction (ED), as a result of treatment. UI symptoms can persist years after treatment 8 and this can have an impact on all aspects of an individual's functioning. Men with UI often avoid social situations due to the risk of their incontinence becoming apparent to other people. They can feel embarrassed by their inability to self-control their bodily functions and by the lack of empathy from other people within social situations 9 . Relatively little research has been conducted to examine the relationship between ED and psychological morbidity among men with prostate cancer. Nevertheless, ED has been reported to have a...

Frequency Of Autonomic Dysfunction In Parkinsons Disease

Although the focus of routine follow-up visits between PD patients and neurologists is typically on motor symptoms of the disease, autonomic problems are frequently present and can be identified if patients are specifically asked. In one study of 48 men with PD, 89 had at least one autonomic symptom compared with 43 of elderly control subjects (2). Autonomic symptoms seen in these men with PD included erectile dysfunction (60 ), urinary urgency (46 ), constipation (44 ), dysphagia (23 ), and orthostatism (22 ), and each of these symptoms was more common in PD patients than controls. Siddiqui et al. (3) performed a comprehensive symptom survey of autonomic symptoms in 44 patients with PD, comparing the frequency and severity of these symptoms with 24 aged-matched controls. Using a five point scale to rate symptom severity, the authors tabulated the severity of symptoms in each of five areas GI, urinary, sexual dysfunction, cardiovascular, and thermoregulatory. They found that PD...

Glycaemic Control And Insulinsensitising Effect

Animal studies have indicated a potential for hypoglycaemic effects when used intravenously. Eleutherens A-G exert marked hypoglycaemic effects in normal and alloxan-induced hyperglycaemic mice (Hikino et al 1986) and eleutherosides show an insulin-like action in diabetic rats (Dardymov et al 1978). However, these effects have not been borne out in human studies (Farnsworth et al 1985) and may not relate to oral dosages of Siberian ginseng. A small, double-blind, randomised, multiple-crossover study using 12 healthy participants actually showed an increase in postprandial plasma glucose at 90 and 120 minutes when 3 g Siberian ginseng was given orally 40 minutes before a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (Sievenpiper et al 2004). More recently, oral administration of an aqueous extract of Siberian ginseng was shown to improve insulin sensitivity and delay the development of insulin resistance in rats (Liu et al 2005). As a result further trials in people with impaired glucose tolerance...

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