Signs of Pneumothorax

Mild signs include chest congestion, cough, and chest pain during movement.

Moderate signs include fast and shallow respiration and fast heartbeat; chest congestion; difficulty with respiration; stabbing pain in the costal area; strong and continuous cough; inability to lie down

Thickness of the Body Wall TABLE 16-3 of Paravertebral Acu-Reflex Points Ti to l4*

Level

Left (cm)

Right (cm)

T1

6.29 ± 1.11

6.01 ± 1.10

T2

4.99 ± 1.07

5.01 ± 1.04

T3

4.39 ± 0.85

4.30 ± 1.09

T4

4.01 ± 0.66

4.05 ± 0.33

T5

3.67 ± 0.85

3.77 ± 0.72

T6

3.54 ± 1.11

3.95 ± 0.86

T7

3.34 ± 1.73

3.65 ± 0.77

T8

No measurements

T9

3.40 ± 0.72

3.56 ± 0.58

T10

3.33 ± 0.64

3.32 ± 0.97

T11

3.36 ± 0.72

3.25 ± 0.39

T12

3.42 ± 1.33

3.41 ± 0.45

L1

3.31 ± 0.88

3.77 ± 0.81

L2

3.58 ± 0.82

4.11 ± 1.17

L3

4.11 ± 1.10

4.61 ± 1.11

L4

4.03 ± 1.14

L5

5.26 ± 0.88

5.93 ± 1.03

"Modified from Zhang Ren: Prevention of acupuncture accidents, Shanghai, 2004, Shanghai Science and Technology, p 143.

"Modified from Zhang Ren: Prevention of acupuncture accidents, Shanghai, 2004, Shanghai Science and Technology, p 143.

without pain; and dull pain and reduced range of motion in the shoulder and upper limbs.

Severe signs include fast and shallow respiration and fast heartbeat; strong stabbing pain on the injured side, radiating to the ipsilateral shoulder, upper limb, and abdominal area; severe difficulty with respiration; cold limbs; and sweating. The patient may lose consciousness.

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Reiki 101

Reiki 101

Looked upon as a mysterious practice, reiki originated from Japan, around 1922. Started by a Japanese Buddhist, this practice of purported healing basically uses the palm of an individual to emit positive healing energy unto the patient. Sometimes reiki is referred to as oriental style treatment by professional medical bodies.

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