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Sacral plexus acu-reflex points, 111 Sacroiliac joint dysfunction, and muscle pain, 73 Safety issues, 256-263

acupuncture induced, case analyses in nervous system injuries, 260, 261 peripheral nerve injuries, 261 pneumothorax, 259 syncope, 262-263 visceral injuries, 262 adverse effect prevention in, 256-258, 257t anatomic features of acu-reflex points in, 256. See also Neuroanatomic features. body position in treatment in, 258 disposable needles in, 258 electrical percutaneous stimulation in, 258

needle manipulation in, 257 needle size in, 257 needling time duration in, 257-258 patient medical condition in, 258-259 patient physiologic condition in, 258 short-term physiologic reactions and, 256, 257t

Saphenous acu-reflex point (H4), 113/ Saphenous nerve, motor functions of, 111t Scarring, 54, 55. See also Soft tissue adhesion. reduction of, using electrical acupuncture, 56 Sciatic nerve, motor functions of, 111t Sclerotomes, 126, 126t Secondary homeostatic acu-reflex points, 138/; 139t Segmental acu-reflex points, 122

Segmental axon needling reflex, 65 Segmental axon reflex, spinal, 66-67 Segmental mechanism, of viscerosomatic neuronal reflex, 60 Self-healing potential, 50-51 classification of, 50-51 quantity of homeostatic acu-reflex points and, 76-77 Sensitivity, of acu-reflex points, 75-76 Sensitization of acu-reflex points, 144/ symptomatic pattern, 132-133 systemic pattern, 76, 132 Sensitizing substances, in etiology of trigger points, 149, 149t Sensory axon reflex points, 71 Sensory information, processing of, 12 Sensory nerve fibers, 83 Sensory neurons, 120 Sensory organs, in musculoskeletal mechanics, 33, 34/ Sensory reflexes, in musculoskeletal mechanics, 31-33, 32/ Sequence in appearance, of acu-reflex points, 76-77 Serotonin, 56

role of, in overtraining syndrome, 18 vasoactivity of, 60 Shin splints, 230

in basketball players, 238-239 in runners, 235-236 in soccer players, 244 Short-term memory, 20-21 Shoulder axiohumeral muscles of, 199t axioscapular and axioclavicular muscles of, 198t musculomechanics of, 198-199 scapulohumeral muscles of, 199t Shoulder and upper arm injuries, 216 in baseball players, 240 biceps brachii muscle strain and bruising, 217 biceps brachii tendon rupture, 217 bicipital tendinitis, 218 bursitis, 218-219

clavicle and humeral fractures, 216 in football players, 242-243 frozen shoulder, 219 in golfers, 241-242 pectoral muscle tendinitis, 219 rotator cuff tendonitis, 218 shoulder bursitis, 218-219 shoulder dislocation, 216 shoulder girdle joint separation, 217 shoulder impingement syndrome, 218 shoulder subluxation, 216-217 in skiers, 246

in soccer players, 245-246 in swimmers, 248 in tennis players, 250 in volleyball players, 251-252 Shoulder impingement syndrome, 218 in baseball players, 240

Shoulder joint, forces on, 29, 31/ Shoulder muscle pain, and associated myofascial trigger points, 154t Simons, David G, 147 Skeletal motor system, 9-10 Skeletal muscles, 171, 172/. See also

Muscle(s); Muscle contraction; Musculoskeletal mechanics. Skeletal segmental innervation, 126, 126t Skeletal system, 26-28

forces and stressors in, 27-28 Skier's injuries, 246 Skin, treatment of sports injuries of, 212-213

Skin cleanliness, in dry needling, 258 Skull suture lines, and acu-reflex points, 83

Slow-twitch (type I) fibers, 39 characteristics of, 39, 39t training that develops, 40 Soccer player's injuries, 243-246 Soft tissue(s), 51-52 Soft tissue adhesion, 54 atrophy and, 54

circulatory blockage and, 54, 55 external impact and, 54 internal insults and, 54 musculoskeletal imbalance and, 54 pathology of, 54 scarring and, 54 Soft tissue dysfunction, 1, 51, 212 bone spurs and, 55-56 chronic, 53, 55 compensatory, in disease, 52 histologic features of, 54-55 osteofascial compartment syndrome and, 55 pain of, 64 pathology of, 53-54 restoration of, 1, 68, 77-79 in sports injuries, 4. See also Sports injuries. stages of, 55 symptoms of, 52 types of, 53 Soft tissue therapy, 51-53 Sola, A.E, 133-134 Somatostatin, 56 Spasm. See Muscle spasm. Specificity, of acu-reflex points, 76 Spinal accessory acu-reflex point (H3), 101 Spinal accessory nerve, 128t Spinal cord gray matter of, 120-121 organization of, 120-123, 122/ Spinal cord reflex, 88/ Spinal injuries. See also Back and spinal injuries; cervical entries, thoracic entries, lumbar entries, sacral entries. in basketball players, 239 in cyclists, 238 in golfers, 242

Spinal nerves, 88-92, 88/

acu-reflex points formed by posterior rami of, 115-120 dorsal and ventral rami of, 88, 89/ Spinal segmentation, in acupuncture therapy, 123 Spleen, visceral reflex zones of, 168/ Spontaneous electrical activity, 77 Spontaneous pneumomediastinum, in swimmers, 249 Sport homeostasis, 6-7, 8

central nervous integration of, 11-17 hierarchical maintenance of, 8-11, 9/ restoring, with dry needling therapy,

49-70. See also under Integrative systemic dry needling. Sports and exercise brain plasticity in, 20-25. See also

Brain-body interaction. homeostasis in, 6-19. See also Sport homeostasis. regulating, 8-11, 14-16 and muscle fiber types, 40, 40t muscle physiology in, 36-48.

See also Muscle(s); Muscle contraction. musculoskeletal mechanics in, 26-35. See also Musculoskeletal mechanics. overreaching training in, 45 overtraining stress in, 7-8. See also

Overtraining syndrome. psychologic and physiologic responses to, 16-17 active phase of, 17 preparatory phase of, 16-17 stress in, 7, 16

response to, 11-14. See also Stress response. Sports injuries, 1, 212-213 abdominal, 225

of back and spine, 223-225. See also under Back and spinal injuries. of head and neck, 213-216 of hips, pelvis, and groin, 225-227 of lower limb, 227-228 knee, 228-229 lower leg and foot, 229-233 thigh, 227-228 of skin, 212-213 soft tissue dysfunction in, 1, 4. See also Soft tissue dysfunction. specific, preventive and therapeutic treatment, 234-255 baseball, 240-241 basketball, 238-240 cycling, 236-238 football, 242-243 golf, 241-242 ice hockey, 246-247 other sports, 253

Sports injuries (Continued ) running, 235-236 skiing, 246 soccer, 243-246 swimming, 247-249 tennis, 249-251 volleyball, 251-253 treatment of, 212. See also Integrative systemic dry needling. of upper limb, 216-219

elbow, 219-221. See also Elbow injuries. hand and fingers, 222-223 shoulder and upper arm, 216. See also Shoulder and upper arm injuries. wrist and forearm, 221-222 Sports injury prevention, 207-208, 234, 234-255 case histories of athlete with previous injuries, 209b athlete without previous injuries, 209b clinical procedure for, 208-209, 208t evidence-based research supporting, 210

Static overload, and muscle pain, 73 Stiffness, muscle. See Muscle tension. Stomach, visceral reflex zones of, 167/ Stress. See also Stress response. adaptation to, 7 concepts of, 7 definition of, 7 long-term, 15, 16

overtraining, 7-8. See also Overtraining stress. physical, 16 psychologic, 16 sport and exercise, 7 Stress fracture, 226 foot, 232-233 tibial, 230-231 vertebral, 224-225 Stress response, 8-11

central nervous integration of, 11-17, 12/

endocrine function in, 14-16, 14/ and overtraining syndrome, 17-18.

See also Overtraining syndrome. positive or negative, in physical activity, 17 severe trauma and, 15 Substance P, 56

in neurogenic inflammation, 60 release of, 57 vasoactivity of, 58, 60 Subtalar neutral position, 185-189 Sunburn, 212 Superficial fascia, 81 Superficial fibular nerve, motor functions of, 111t Superficial radial acu-reflex point (H12), 108, 109/

Superficiality, and sensitivity, of acu-reflex points, 81 Superior cluneal acu-reflex point

(H14), 120, 121/ Supraclavicular nerve, 99 Supraorbital acu-reflex point (H23), 98 Suprascapular nerve, 128t acu-reflex point and, 81, 84/ Suprascapular neuropathy, in volleyball players, 252 Sural acu-reflex point (H10), 113, 115/ Swimmer's injuries, 247-249 Sympathetic division, autonomic nervous system, 92, 93/ Sympathetic-adrenal-medullary (SAM)

axis, 46, 47/ Symptomatic acu-reflex points, 76, 79, 86 definition of, 122 identification of, 120-123 Symptomatic pattern, of acu-reflex point sensitization, 132-133 Synaptic integration, in brain-body interaction, 22

Syncope acupuncture induced, 262-263 case analysis of delayed, 263b prevention of, 263 symptoms of, 262-263 Systemic balance, 1 Systemic pattern, of acu-reflex point sensitization, 76, 132

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Top 100 Golf Tips For Every Golfer

Top 100 Golf Tips For Every Golfer

If you want to become a golf player, it is a good idea to watch professional golf players playing the sport. When you watch them, you would become more inspired in getting better with your game. Aside from that, you could also take note how they carry themselves on the field, as well as how they make their swings.

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