Freestyle swimming requires rotation of the head and neck, and this puts the cervical spine through rotation that repeats on every breathing cycle. Over time, these repetitive stresses overstretch the ligaments at one or more levels of the cervical spine, which can result in a dysfunctional positioning of the vertebrae at the facet joint.45 This causes neck pain, accompanied by muscle spasm.
Such pain can be effectively prevented or treated by dry needling acupuncture. De-stressing treatment should be provided once a week for prevention, and symptom-focused treatment should be provided twice a week to the injured athlete.
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This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.