Iliotibial Band Syndrome

The iliotibial band is a nonelastic collagen cord that stretches from the iliac crest, blends with the tensor fasciae latae and gluteus maximus muscles, and then descends to insert into the tubercle on the lateral proximal tibia. The tensor fasciae latae muscle flexes, abducts, and medially rotates the hip joint and stabilizes the knee.

Repetitive hip and knee flexion and extension while the tensor fasciae latae muscle is contracted creates tension and inflammation of the iliotib-ial band, leading to compression or friction of the band on the tissues below. The common symptoms are knee pain over the lateral condyle, especially during knee flexion and extension.

Dry needling acupuncture is an effective treatment for this injury. Needles can be applied directly into the inflamed, tender, swollen, and painful area on the iliotibial band and into related muscles on the hip, thigh, and lower leg. In addition, the treatment is used to balance the entire musculoskeletal system. Two treatment sessions per week should be provided.

SPORTS INJURIES OF THE KNEE

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