These fractures are caused by direct force on the bones, such that which occurs in landing from a high fall; by violent twisting when the foot is fixed; or by a rotational force on the bones, such as a tackle in football.
The symptoms include extreme pain, inability to move the leg or bear weight on the bones, swelling, and tenderness. Deformity may be observable.
Medical attention and emergency treatment should be obtained without delay. Dry needling acupuncture can be applied to the inflamed, tender, swollen, and painful area after emergency treatment and after surgery. In addition, the treatment is used to balance the entire musculoskeletal system. Two treatment sessions per week should be provided.
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This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.