According to anatomic data (Table 16-3), pneumothorax can be caused by improper needling in the following areas: (1) the back (from T10 up), (2) the side (from rib 9 and up), (3) the front (from rib 7 and up), (4) the supraclavicular fossa and upper border of sternal notch, and (5) the top of the shoulder. Table 16-3 lists the results from a study of acupuncture-induced pneumothorax conducted in China. These data are for reference only, inasmuch as the average body size among Chinese people is different from that of Westerners.
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This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.