Anterior Compartment Syndrome

The tibia and fibula, the interosseous membrane, and the intermuscular fascial septa divide the leg into three compartments: anterior (extensor), lateral (fibular), and posterior (flexor). Each compartment performs a different function. However, the fascia that covers the muscles and encases the compartment and the bone is in the form of inflexible fibrous sleeves. When intramuscular swelling or inflammation occurs as a result of repetitive overuse of the muscles or acute trauma to the muscles that may cause intramuscular bleeding and edema, the intracompartmental pressure increases; this leads to deficiency of the blood flow and dysfunction of the tissues within the compartment.

The anterior compartment is more susceptible to this injury. The symptoms include pain and muscle tightness along the tibial and fibular bone, especially during exercise; decreased sensation on top of the foot over the second toe; and possible weakness and tightness of the foot muscles.

Dry needling acupuncture is the most effective therapy for this injury. Needles can be applied directly into the compartment and into the tissues. In addition, the treatment is used to balance the entire musculoskeletal system. Two treatment sessions per week should be provided. In cases of severe trauma, surgery may be required, but dry needling acupuncture can be used before and after surgery to reduce the pain, inflammation, and swelling.

Prevention is possible if athletes receive regular dry needling acupuncture treatment to reduce chronic stress from overuse or to promote healing in the early stage of acute trauma.

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Acupuncture For Cynics

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