Ankle sprain is a common injury in most sports, as well as in daily life. This injury involves the overstretching and tearing of the ankle ligaments when the foot is rolled medially or laterally, twisted forcefully, or twisted beyond its normal range. This can happen in running, jumping, sprinting, or walking on a surface that is uneven or unpredictable, and it can occur in the movements of basketball, football, and hockey.
All the ligaments of the ankle may suffer from this injury, but the lateral ligaments are more susceptible; in fact, lateral ankle sprain is the most common type. The injury happens when force is applied to the ankle during plantarflexion and inversion, injuring the anterior talofibular ligament. Medial ankle sprains are less common because the medial ligaments, the deltoid ligament, and the bony structure are very strong.
The symptoms are usually classified into three degrees. First-degree sprains are the mildest, with little pain and swelling, and third-degree sprains involve severe pain and swelling, inability to bear weight, and instability in the joint. The symptoms of second-degree sprain are of intermediate severity between those of first- and third-degree sprains.
Dry needling acupuncture is an effective treatment for this injury. Two to three needles per square centimeter can be applied directly into the inflamed, tender, swelling, and painful ligaments. The inflammation and swelling can be easily controlled if dry needling acupuncture is applied immediately after the injury. In addition, the treatment is used to balance the entire musculoskeletal system. Two treatment sessions per week should be provided. A daily treatment can be used to reduce severe swelling.
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