The Achilles tendon is the largest tendon in the human body, with a length of 15 cm and thickness of 2 cm. It originates from the musculotendinous junction of the calf muscles and inserts into the posterior base of the calcaneus. The force exerted by the Achilles tendon on the calcaneus can be 2.5 times body weight, and the compression force on the tibia is 3.5 times body weight during standing on the tiptoes of one foot.
Achilles tendinitis can be caused by fatigued calf muscles that results from repetitive stress from running and jumping, abnormal gait during running, untreated injuries to the calf or Achilles tendon, and improper footwear. This injury is often found in athletes who participate in sports such as running, basketball, volleyball, and jumping.
Symptoms are pain, swelling, and tenderness in the tendon and difficulty in running or jumping.
Dry needling acupuncture is an effective treatment for this injury. Needles can be applied directly into the inflamed, tender, swelling, and painful tendon and into the triceps surae muscle. In addition, the treatment is used to balance the entire muscu-loskeletal system. Two treatment sessions per week should be provided. Dry needling acupuncture is very helpful for rehabilitation if surgery is required for repair of the injury.
A weekly treatment to balance the musculoskele-tal system may reduce the possibility of this injury.
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