Many factors increase stress on the Achilles tendon. Tension in the tendon fibers is increased by intrinsic structural abnormalities such as tight gastrocnemius and soleus muscles, ankle equinus, and forefoot equinus. Excessive rear-foot pronation also increases stress across the fibers of the Achilles tendon. Because of its insertion medial to the subtalar joint axis, the Achilles tendon has a secondary role in the deceleration of subtalar pronation. Training also may play a role in excessive stress in this area. Increasing pace, uphill training, and running with primary contact on the forefoot all increase the stress on the Achilles tendon.
Treatment should include needling of the inflamed tendon and all the trigger points on the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles. Because of the hypovascularity of the tendon, the reparative process may require more time than for muscle injuries.
Regular de-stressing treatment of the calf muscle reduces the stress on the tendon and may prevent the injury.
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Everything you wanted to know about. How To Cure Tennis Elbow. Are you an athlete who suffers from tennis elbow? Contrary to popular opinion, most people who suffer from tennis elbow do not even play tennis. They get this condition, which is a torn tendon in the elbow, from the strain of using the same motions with the arm, repeatedly. If you have tennis elbow, you understand how the pain can disrupt your day.