Resistance Exercise and General Physical Fitness

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Initial efforts by health professionals to reduce FM involved endurance exercise protocols mainly because of the large impact on total energy expenditure and links to coronary heart disease risk amelioration. More recent efforts using resistance exercise training, or combinations of resistance and endurance exercises, have been tried to maintain the interest of participants as well as to positively affect body composition through stimulation of anabolic stimuli (Grund et al., 2001). Practitioners of speed, power, and resistance exercises can change body composition by means of the muscle-building effects of such exertions. Moreover, exercises that strengthen muscles, bones, and joints stimulate muscle and skeletal development in children, as well as assist in balance and locomotion in the elderly, thereby minimizing the incidence of falls and associated complications of trauma and bed rest (Evans, 1999). While resistance training exercises have not yet been shown to have the same effects on risks of chronic diseases, their effects on muscle strength are an indication to include them in exercise prescriptions, in addition to activities that promote cardiovascular fitness and flexibility.

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Fitness and Exercise

Fitness and Exercise

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