In establishing the problem list with Ann, the therapist asked Ann to relate a critical incident to illustrate each of the problem areas (Fusco & Freeman, 2004). This allowed the therapist to gain clarity into each of the problem areas as perceived by Ann. For example, when Ann saw her son playing softball in a local school yard, she wanted to move closer to see him (and, presumably, to have him see her), but she stayed in her car and watched him from a distance. This epitomized Ann's behavior—distant and shielded, but still yearning for contact.

The initial focus of treatment was Ann's depression and suicidal thinking. Using traditional CT, the therapist introduced her to the concepts of automatic thoughts, schemas, and cognitive distortions. Ann caught on quickly and read several books on CT, including Feeling Good (Burns, 1980) and Woulda, Coulda, Shoulda (Freeman & DeWolf, 1989). She was intro duced to the three-column technique, and after 6 weeks, Ann's BDI score had dropped to 28. Ann's cores on the BHS and SSI were also lower.

Ann was then asked to switch to a more schematic focus rather than the symptomatic focus used early in the therapy. Ann was agreeable to that, and was able to identify quite clearly the active and operative schemas in her life. Once these were identified, the "subparts" of the schemas could then be elucidated and used in the therapy. For example, Ann believed that "people cannot be trusted." Subparts of this included, "Men cannot be trusted," "People in positions of authority cannot be trusted," "One must always be on the lookout for potential injury," and "People will injure you if they can." With Ann's agreement, the therapist decided that the active schema could best be modified rather than totally reconstructed. The next phase of the therapy focused on the elicited schemas and how they could best be modified to allow Ann maximum flexibility.

Baseball For Boys

Baseball For Boys

Since World War II, there has been a tremendous change in the makeup and direction of kid baseball, as it is called. Adults, showing an unprecedented interest in the activity, have initiated and developed programs in thousands of towns across the United States programs that providebr wholesome recreation for millions of youngsters and are often a source of pride and joy to the community in which they exist.

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