Review Of Efficacy Research Cognitive Therapy

Descriptions of CT for BPD have been available for many years (e.g., Arntz, 1994; Freeman & Fusco, 2004; Layden et al., 1993; Beck et al., 1990),but the first systematic outcome study of CT for BPD, an open, uncontrolled trial, was published only fairly recently (Brown, Newman, Charlesworth, Crits-Christoph, & Beck, 2004). In that study, CT was provided once weekly for 50 weeks, with up to 12 additional sessions to be used as needed during the 1-year period, to 32 patients with BPD (28 women, 4 men), with either recent self-injurious behavior (66%) or some nonzero level of suicidal ideation. Treatment emphasized helping patients to identify and modify mal-

adaptive beliefs and, because of the common problems in therapeutic relationships and unstable, chaotic lifestyles of many patients with BPD, also incorporated specific alliance-building strategies and behavioral skills building (which make it more similar to DBT than most previous accounts of CT for BPD or other PDs). Patients showed significant decreases over the course of treatment on all measures collected, including suicidal ideation, hopelessness, depression, and number of BPD criteria they met. Although there are still no randomized controlled trials of CT for BPD, this uncontrolled trial certainly provides promising data that warrant such a trial.

Exploring EFT

Exploring EFT

EFT stands for Emotional Freedom Technique. It works to free the user of both physical and emotional pain and relieve chronic conditions by healing the physical responses our bodies make after we've been hurt or experienced pain. While some people do not carry the effects of these experiences, others have bodies that hold onto these memories, which affect the way the body works. Because it is a free and fast technique, even if you are not one hundred percent committed to whether it works or not, it is still worth giving it a shot and seeing if there is any improvement.

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