Geriatric Depression Scale

The 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS; Yesavage et al., 1982-1983) was created primarily for use with older adults to overcome the potential biases that medical illness may introduce in the detection of depression. This reliable instrument is also quite accurate in detecting late-life depression, using a cutoff score of 4 or more (Van Marwijk, Arnold, Bonnema, & Kaptein, 1993). Most older adults find it an acceptable instrument, with an easy answer format and understandable questions (D'Ath, Katona, Mullan, Evans, & Katona, 1994).

Exploring EFT

Exploring EFT

EFT stands for Emotional Freedom Technique. It works to free the user of both physical and emotional pain and relieve chronic conditions by healing the physical responses our bodies make after we've been hurt or experienced pain. While some people do not carry the effects of these experiences, others have bodies that hold onto these memories, which affect the way the body works. Because it is a free and fast technique, even if you are not one hundred percent committed to whether it works or not, it is still worth giving it a shot and seeing if there is any improvement.

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