Depression comprises a combination of somatic and emotional symptoms and affects in all areas of an individual's life (i.e., social, emotional, cognitive, and physical domains). Diagnosing depression in older people can be difficult given the myriad symptoms, both physical and psychological, that can comprise its picture. Accurate identification is key in the successful treatment of depression and prevention of excessive disability. When treating older adults, therapists necessarily need to consider depression within the complex interaction and overlap of sociocultural factors, and physical and cognitive abilities. When working with older adults, therapists must keep in mind the potential confounders of treatment efficacy, such as issues of dis ability, time constraints, and cognitive changes. Evidence-based data indicate that cognitive therapists who use the adaptations discussed in this chapter will have as much success in treating their older patients as they do in treating younger patients.2


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2Additional training in conducting CT and PST with older populations may be obtained online at the 0ver-60 Clinic. For more information, please contact Dr. Heather Bornfeld ([email protected] or Ms. Maura McLane ([email protected]), or by visiting our website at

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Exploring EFT

Exploring EFT

EFT stands for Emotional Freedom Technique. It works to free the user of both physical and emotional pain and relieve chronic conditions by healing the physical responses our bodies make after we've been hurt or experienced pain. While some people do not carry the effects of these experiences, others have bodies that hold onto these memories, which affect the way the body works. Because it is a free and fast technique, even if you are not one hundred percent committed to whether it works or not, it is still worth giving it a shot and seeing if there is any improvement.

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