Dental caries determination

Images were evaluated by trained investigators using a scoring system specifically adapted for use with photographed images (International Caries Detection and Assessment System II; Ismail, 2005). Visible labial surfaces examined included maxillary and mandibular central and lateral incisors, canines, first and second premolars, and first molars. The evaluators scored each visible labial tooth surface before and after orthodontic treatment. The scores were combined to determine the labial caries incidence for each patient. Teeth were examined and scored from first molar to first molar, maxilla and mandible (Fig. 2).

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Fig. 2. Tooth labial surfaces were examined and scored from left first molar to right first molar, maxilla and mandible, before and after orthodontic treatment.

Fig. 2. Tooth labial surfaces were examined and scored from left first molar to right first molar, maxilla and mandible, before and after orthodontic treatment.

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