Visual examination, by observing clinical characteristics and appearance of the lesions, associated to radiographs is able to provide most of necessary information to the clinician for the detection of caries lesions. However, only severe and deep lesions are detected by radiographic examination. Therefore, auxiliary methods can contribute positively in the process of detection and their utilization should be encouraged. However, the clinician should be aware of their correct use and follow the manufacturer instructions. Besides, it should be kept in mind their disadvantages and affecting factors. This could provide more information for treatment decision-making process.
Moreover, it is important to state that the detection of caries lesions is only a part of the process of diagnosis. Other factors might be assessed, such as risk and caries activity, oral hygiene habits and fluoride exposition.
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