Historical roots of cognitive psychology

The year 1956 was critical in the development of cognitive psychology. At a meeting at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Chomsky gave a paper on his theory of language, George Miller presented a paper on the magic number seven in short-term memory (Miller, 1956), and Newell and Simon discussed their very influential computational model called the General Problem Solver (discussed in Newell, Shaw, & Simon, 1958; see also Chapter 15). In addition, the first systematic attempt to consider concept formation from a cognitive perspective was reported (Bruner, Goodnow, & Austin, 1956).

The field of Artificial Intelligence was also founded in 1956 at the Dartmouth Conference, which was attended by Chomsky, McCarthy, Minsky, Newell, Simon, and Miller (see Gardner, 1985). Thus, 1956 witnessed the birth of both cognitive psychology and cognitive science as major disciplines. Books devoted to aspects of cognitive psychology began to appear (e.g., Broadbent, 1958; Bruner et al., 1956). However, it took several years before the entire information-processing viewpoint reached undergraduate courses (Lachman, Lachman, & Butterfield, 1979; Lindsay & Norman, 1977).

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  • claudia
    What is the root of cognitive pstchology?
    1 year ago

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