Venous Catheters

Do what you can, with what you have, where you are.

—Theodore Roosevelt most children with leukemia require intensive treatment, including chemotherapy, intravenous (IV) fluids, IV antibiotics, blood and platelet transfusions, frequent blood sampling, and sometimes IV nutrition. The use of venous catheters has proved to be a very effective method for allowing entry into the large veins for intensive therapy. Venous catheters eliminate the difficulty of finding veins for IVs and allow drugs to be put directly into the heart where they are rapidly diluted and spread throughout the body.

Other names for a venous catheter include: venous access device, right atrial catheter, implanted catheter, indwelling catheter, central line, Hickman, Broviac, Port-a-cath, Medi-port, and PICC (peripherally inserted central catheter) line.

The three types of venous catheter most commonly used in children are the external catheter, the subcutaneous port, and the peripherally inserted central catheter.

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