Pain medication list

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Several different names can be used to refer to each of the pain medications. You may hear the same drug referred to by its generic name or by one of several brand names, depending on which doctor, nurse, or pharmacist you are talking to. The list below gives various names of pain medications, and tells you what name to look under in this chapter.

Name

Look Under

Name

Look Under

Codeine

Codeine

Hydromorphone

Hydromorphone

Demerol

Meperidine

Meperidine

Meperidine

Dilaudid

Hydromorphone

Methadone

Methadone

Dolophine

Methadone

Morphine

Morphine

Fentanyl

Fentanyl

Percocet

How given: Intramuscular injection, pills by mouth, liquid by mouth How it works: Codeine is an alkaloid obtained from opium.

Common side effects:

• Light-headedness

Constipation

Infrequent side effects:

Meperidine

Also called: Demerol

How given: Intravenous injection, liquid by mouth, pill by mouth. Oral absorbtion is poor.

How it works: Meperidine is a narcotic similar to morphine.

Common side effects:

• Constipation

Infrequent side effects:

• Nausea and vomiting

• Flushing and excessive sweating

• Respiratory depression

• Decreased blood pressure (hypotension)

• Visual disturbances

Hydromorphone

Also called: Dilaudid

How given: IV injection, pill by mouth, rectal suppository How it works: Hydromorphone is a narcotic pain reliever. Precautions: Hydromorphone can cause respiratory depression.

Common side effects:

Dizziness and light-headedness

• Nausea and vomiting

• Excessive sweating

• Euphoria and other mood alterations

• Constipation

• Respiratory depression

Infrequent side effects:

• Hallucination and disorientation

• Respiratory arrest

• Diminished circulation

• Cardiac arrest

Methadone

Also called: Dolophine

How given: IV injection, pill by mouth, liquid by mouth How it works: Methadone is a narcotic pain reliever.

Common side effects:

• Light-headedness and dizziness

• Nausea and vomiting

• Excessive sweating

• Constipation

Anorexia (loss of appetite)

Infrequent side effects:

• Respiratory depression

• Decreased circulation

Morphine

How given: IV injection, pill by mouth, liquid by mouth

How it works: Morphine is a narcotic derived from the opium plant.

Common side effects:

• Nausea and vomiting

• Drowsiness

• Constipation

Infrequent side effects:

• Reduction in body temperature

• Respiratory depression

Allergic reactions, including hives

Oxycodone

Also called: Percocet, oxycotin

How it works: Oxycodone is a narcotic derived from opium.

Common side effects:

• Light-headedness

• Constipation

• Nausea and vomiting

Infrequent side effects:

• Respiratory depression

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