In conclusion, day care is an important issue in the United States given the increasing numbers of working mothers. Given the low prevalence of high quality care and the potential effects of low quality care, an important task for workers in early childhood is to increase the availability of high quality care. In addition, parents who choose to use day care must carefully search for and select high quality care for their children.


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Peisner-Feinberg, Ellen, Margaret R. Burchinal, Richard M. Clifford, et al. The Children of the Cost, Quality, and Outcomes Study Go to School Technical Report. Chapel Hill, NC: Frank Porter Graham Child Development Center, 2000. Pungello, Elizabeth P., and Beth Kurtz-Costes. ''Why and How Working Women Choose Child Care: A Review with a Focus on Infancy.'' Developmental Review 19 (1999):31-96.

Smith, Kristin. Who's Minding the Kids? Child Care Arrangements: Fall 1995. Current Population Reports, P70-70. Washington, DC: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000.

U.S. Census Bureau. Record Share of New Mothers in Labor Force, Census Bureau Reports. Press Release, October 24, 2000. Washington, DC: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000.

Elizabeth P. Pungello Daniel J. Bauer

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