A

Abortion, 1-3, 3 Abstract reasoning, 3 Accidents and injuries, 210 Acculturation of Hispanic Americans, 189-190

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), 4-7, 6 patients, 6

prenatal development, 331-332 sexual behavior of adolescents, 360 Acting out, 7

See also Aggression; Anger Activity level, 7 ADHD. See Attention Deficit

Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Adler, Alfred, 58, 153 Adolescence, 7-11, 10 AIDS/HIV, 5-6 child maltreatment, 79 cognitive development, 416 dating, 109-110 egocentrism, 375 emotional development, 135-136 employment, 137-140, 435-437 friendship, 157

gender-role development, 164 grief, 115

identity development, 197-198 imaginary audience, 199-200 nutrition, 285, 285-286 parent-child relationships, 292-293 psychoanalytic theory, 415 sexual behavior, 360-361, 361 sexual orientation, 361-362 sleeping patterns, 371 social development, 380 social referencing, 302 stepfamilies, adjustments to, 387 stress, 389, 389-390 suicide, 396-397

Adolescence-limited (AL) pattern

(delinquency), 119 Adoption, 11-14, 13

critical/sensitive period for infant-

caregiver attachment, 103 nature-nurture controversy studies, 184

Adult Attachment Interview, 35

Aerobic fitness, 141

African American Vernacular English

(AAVE). See Black English African-American children, 14-18, After-school programs, 18, 234 Age divorce, coping with, 123 maturational events, 307 memory development, 258 mothers, 247-248 prenatal development, 332 substance abuse, 391-392 Aggression, 18-21, 20

friendships, effects on, 378 observational learning, 239 social development, 378-379 television viewing, 407 Aid to Families with Dependent

Children (AFDC), 432-433 AIDS and HIV. See Acquired Immune

Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) Ainsworth, Mary Dinsmore Salter,

21-23, 22, 411-412 Alcohol use, 331, 392 Alindi, Beverly, 6 Alternate birth centers, 54 Altruism, 23

American Sign Language (ASL), 23,

177-180, 366 Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), 267

Amniocentesis, 23-24, 320

See also Prenatal development Androgyny, 24

See also Gender-role development Anger, 24-25, 134

See also Aggression Anoxia, 332

Antidepressant medications, 313

Antisocial behavior, 25, 117-119

See also Acting out; Aggression Anxiety disorders, 136, 263, 388 Apgar, Virginia, 25, 25-26 APGAR Scoring System, 25-26, 26, 27, 53

Apnea, 26

Aptitude-achievement discrepancy

(learning disabilities), 241 Arousal theory and television viewing, 407

Artificial insemination, 27

See also Reproductive technologies Asian-American children, 27-30, 29 Asthma, 30-32, 31 Athletic programs, 142 Attachment, 32-37, 36, 65, 300-301, 301 Ainsworth and, 22, 411-412 Bowlby and, 64-65, 377 critical/sensitive period, 102-103 day care, 112 failure to thrive, 146, 147 infants, 209 temperament, 301, 411 working mothers, 439-440 See also Parent-child relationships Attachment Q-sort, 35 Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

(ADHD), 37-40, 39, 261-262 Attention span, 40 Auditory system, 356 Authoritarian parenting style, 296 Authoritative parenting style, 296,

438-439 Autism, 40-43, 42, 264-265

facilitated communication, 145 measles, mumps, rubella (MMR) vaccine, 204 Autobiographical memory, 257-258

See also Memory Autonomy adolescent emotional development, 136

social development, 380

Confident Kids

Confident Kids

Although nobody gets a parenting manual or bible in the delivery room, it is our duty as parents to try to make our kids as well rounded, happy and confident as possible. It is a lot easier to bring up great kids than it is to try and fix problems caused by bad parenting, when our kids have become adults. Our children are all individuals - they are not our property but people in their own right.

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