Simple Carbohydrates monosaccharides and disaccharides

There are two broad categories of carbohydrates: Simple and complex. Let's talk about the simple ones first. Simple carbohydrates consist of a single sugar molecule (monosaccharide) or two single sugar molecules linked together (disaccharide).

The Monosaccharides include fructose, glucose, and galactose. The two we'll refer to the most are fructose (fruit sugar) and glucose (blood sugar.) Glucose is found naturally in food or it can be produced in the body through the breakdown of complex carbohydrates. Fructose is the type of simple carbohydrate found in fruit.

Disaccharides are formed by the combination of two monosaccharide molecules. Examples include Sucrose (table sugar), which is formed by the combination of fructose and glucose, and Lactose (dairy sugar), which is composed of galactose and glucose.

Types of Simple Carbohydrates (sugars)



Glucose (blood sugar)

Sucrose (table sugar) glucose and fructose

Fructose (fruit sugar)

Lactose (dairy sugar) glucose and galactose


Maltose (malt sugar) glucose and glucose

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Low Carb Diets Explained

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