Breathing exercises are given to maintain and improve the expansion of the chest. This increases the amount of oxygen taken into the lungs and increases the amount of carbon dioxide out of the lungs. Breathing in is known as inspiration, and breathing out is known as expiration. As explained in Chapter 2 the muscles of respiration are the external intercostal muscles and the internal intercostal muscles (which lie between the ribs) and the diaphragm, which lies horizontally separating the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity. The contraction of these muscles will increase the capacity of the thorax from side to side, from front to back and longitudinally from top to bottom.
Breathing techniques, like other natural pain relief options, don't involve drugs or require medical supervision. You're in control. They involve the use of practiced, paced breathing during contractions and are another mainstay of self-comforting measures for labor. Concentrating on your breathing during labor and delivery helps distract you from the pain and relaxes your muscles so that tension, which heightens pain, is eased. Deep, controlled, slow breathing can also reduce nausea and dizziness during childbirth. Most important, perhaps, concentrated breathing helps bring oxygen to you and your baby. It's best to learn about and practice breathing techniques before you go into labor. Breathing methods, such as Lamaze, are taught in childbirth classes. Take your labor coach with you to class so that he or she can help you with the techniques during labor. The more you practice, the more natural it will be for you to use these methods once contractions begin. Breathing exercises can...
What if you're already doing six to seven days a week for 45 to 60 minutes, then what At this point, you still have options. You can now simply push yourself harder to burn more calories in the same amount of time. You can only increase intensity up to a point. For most people, when you get up around 85 of your estimated maximal heart rate (about 150-170 beats per minute, depending on age), you approach the anaerobic threshold. This is the point where if you pushed any harder, you would start to lose your breath and you would have to decrease your speed or stop in order to recover the oxygen debt you created. In other words, if you push too hard, too soon, you'll crap out and cut into your duration. If you're working out at around 70 of your estimated maximal heart rate, then you have plenty of room to increase. If you're already at 85 (the top of your target heart zone), then you'll have to use another strategy.
To breathe deeply a portion of the lung may collapse, setting the stage for pneumonia. Approximately 0.1 percent of people undergoing the Roux-en-Y procedure develop pneumonia. Simply breathing deeply following surgery reduces this risk. In order to facilitate deep breathing the hospital staff will teach you to use a handheld plastic device called an incentive spirometer. You will be instructed to inhale deeply with your mouth around the tube attached to the incentive spirometer. The more air you take into your lungs, the more you will move the little ball inside the spirometer. My advice is use it, even if it hurts a little (or a lot).
What can help A white-noise generator that makes a kind of sshhhh sound can help you tune out that noisy world and fall deeply asleep. Soft music on the radio may help lull you to sleep. Some people can benefit from deep-breathing exercises, meditation, or relaxation therapy. (Read Chapter 13 for more information on these techniques.)
Radioactive urea, and then in a few minutes your breath is collected in a bag and analyzed. Normally, you breathe in oxygen and breathe out carbon dioxide. If radioactive carbon dioxide is present in the bag, then H. pylori is present and has digested the radioactive urea. This test is useful because it detects active infection.
Believe it or not, breathing is actually a very good way to estimate whether you're working out in your target fat burning zone. If you're in the target zone, generally, you'll be breathing much heavier than normal, but not so heavily that you're hyperventilating or gasping for air. You should be able to speak full sentences comfortably without having to stop and catch your breath. If you're so out of breath that you can't hold a conversation, or complete a sentence, then you're probably working out of your target zone (this is known as the talk test ). Generally, the harder you're breathing, the higher the intensity and the more fat you'll burn, provided you can sustain the activity for the required amount of time. If you're not breathing hard, you're not working out hard
High intensity interval training, known as HIIT for short, is the technique of alternating 30 to 120 second periods of very high intensity aerobics (sprints, also known as the work interval ) with 30 to 120 second periods of low to moderate intensity (the recovery interval). During the work interval, you actually push yourself outside of your target heart zone (above 85 ) to the point where you begin to lose your breath. You then reduce the intensity enough during the recovery interval so you reclaim the oxygen debt just in time to do another work interval.
Stress-Proofing Your Child Mind-Body Exercises to Enhance Your Child's Health. New York Bantam Books, 1996. This book is highly recommended for all parents. It clearly explains easy ways to teach children techniques such as guided imagery, deep breathing, and meditation to decrease stress, increase a child's sense of control, and boost children's confidence. A wonderful, practical book.
Not attained group support, where individuals support each other in their quit attempts and cognitive restructuring, where smokers are taught to think differently about smoking and cigarettes. Other components include relaxation exercises, coping tactics, visualization and addressing of tempting situations, simple messages to deal with withdrawal symptoms (e.g., deep breathing, delay so the urge will pass, drink water, do something else), and stimulus control (e.g., getting rid of ashtrays, having a smoke-free home). Multicomponent behavioral programs have had much success in helping smokers achieve cessation. Much research suggests that nicotine replacement or pharmacologic approaches without a behavioral component have significantly lower success rates than those with a behavioral component.
The air passages are lined with a mucous membrane that continuously secretes a small quantity of mucus. This moistens the tubes and traps any organisms and particles in the inspired air. Any irritation of this membrane will result in an increase in the production of mucus. This mucus may thicken and become difficult to remove through coughing. Shaking and vibration manipulations performed over the chest can help to loosen these secretions so that they can be coughed up more easily. Deep breathing exercises will also help to move the mucus. See page 232.
Establishing good exercise and dietary habits early in childhood is important to prevent heart disease. Regular activity and proper nutrition decreases reactivity to stress and makes the heart stronger and more efficient. At least thirty minutes of moderate exercise daily is recommended to prevent heart disease. Stress management helps to prevent high blood pressure, which is a major contributor to heart disease. Techniques such as yoga, deep breathing, and meditation may prevent coronary disease by improving resistance to stress. see also Arteriosclerosis Atherosclerosis Cardiovascular Diseases Exercise.
You can work on what's bothering you with talk therapy, by discussing it with a therapist. Another option is to master the art of controlling and changing your own body responses. It's hard to stay upset when your blood pressure and pulse drop, your breathing steadies, and your body temperature stabilizes. The researchers hypothesized that maybe the deep breathing that was part of the relaxation therapy helped people with heartburn feel better. Or maybe the relaxation itself somehow reduced the production of acid.
The degree of movement is infinitesimal so it is never possible to take a picture and see any joint dislocation. But the actual slip is not the problem. The reaction is an instantaneous and massive protective response from the muscles which takes your breath away as they lock up the spine.
Exercise increases the rate and depth of breathing due to the muscle cells requiring more oxygen. The breathing rate can more than double during vigorous exercise. Correct breathing is very important as it ensures that all the body's cells receive an adequate amount of oxygen and dispose of enough carbon dioxide to enable them to function efficiently. It is important to note that breathing affects both our physiological and psychological state. Deep breathing exercises can help to increase the vital capacity and function of the lungs.
Short bursts, then resting for a short period. The length of the intervals is usually one minute and can range from thirty seconds and two minutes (although there are no hard and fast rules when interval training is being done for fat loss). Interval training allows you to push past your normal heart zone (into the 85-100 zone) for a short period, thereby burning an enormous amount of calories, relatively speaking. Then you reduce your intensity just long enough to catch your breath, and repeat for the duration of the workout. Using this method, you can get a very high calorie burn in a fairly short period of time. Even 20-25 minutes of intervals can burn a very high number of calories. Another benefit of interval training is that it increases your metabolic rate dramatically so you continue to burn calories after the workout is over. The higher the intensity, the greater the post-exercise afterburn effect.
Yoga is an ancient Indian discipline designed to integrate the body and mind. The word yoga literally means to yoke or union. The basic components of yoga include breathing techniques (pranayama), relaxation, and performing the different postures or movements called asanas. Movements can be performed while seated, standing, or in a reclined position, and at a slower pace if you have trouble performing certain movements. The benefits of yoga include increased flexibility, balance, muscle strength, and endurance. There are many different styles of yoga, so find the appropriate style that matches your needs.
Childbirth classes are often taught by nurses, who cover more than just breathing techniques used for relaxation during labor, or so-called natural childbirth. They typically address all aspects of labor and delivery, as well as newborn care. You'll likely learn about signs of labor, pain relief options during labor, birthing positions, postnatal care and care of a newborn, including information on breast-feeding.
The fine line to be negotiated when selecting CAM therapies is protection for finances when recommended therapies include benign but costly ineffective or untested treatments. Alternately, persons who have tried CAM therapies with no relief may feel guilty for not improving. A stellar CAM provider, like a stellar allopathic (standard Western medicine) provider, will reassure patients that if therapies are not effective it is not the patient's fault. Continuing to use and promote an unproven therapy that shows no ongoing health advantage to the patient is always unacceptable in any practice of medicine. Well-tested CAM therapies for FM include acupuncture, chiropractic, electrical therapies, and various vitamins, herbs, and nutraceuticals. Although their mechanisms of action have yet to be fully elucidated, they may be due in some part to stress reduction and their ability to elicit the relaxation response. Patients also might learn to elicit the relaxation response without...
Some sessions were devoted to relaxation and breathing exercises to reduce her state of arousal, and she reported benefits. Two sessions focused on reliving the experience of the traumatic event by recalling the details of The remaining sessions focused on in vivo exposure to the real-life triggers of Mary's anxiety. A hierarchical list of triggers was generated in session that included loud voices, customer service lines, and interpersonal situations in which tension may occur. Each week Mary chose an exposure situation of moderate difficulty to try on her own. Instructions were provided about the length of time she should spend in the situation, as well as coping strategies (e.g., breathing exercises, positive coping statements) for dealing with her anxiety. A record form was developed to assist Mary with this task. For example, Mary's first exercise was to return an item she had purchased from a store. Because she tended to avoid listening to strangers out of fear they would say...
Close your eyes and begin deep breathing through your nose, focusing on your breath as it travels in and out of your body. If it helps you maintain your focus, count to 3 as you inhale and then count to 4 as you exhale. At first, you may find yourself easily distracted by outside noises and by your own thoughts, random images, and feelings. Observe any thoughts, images, feelings, and distractions that come up during meditation, but try not to become attached to them. Picture them as clouds floating through your mind. Observe them calmly, but let them go and return to focusing on your breath. As you continue your meditation practice, you will find it easier to remain focused on your breath.f
One's mind, body, and lifestyle practices in general. He advocates diets and yogic exercises based on the type of constitution or dosha one has dosha theory is similar to the Western therapeutic model of humors popular before the advent of biomedicine. Chopra recommends other holistic lifestyle changes in conjunction with changes in diet, including sleeping and waking early, doing deep breathing and other gentle yogic exercises, avoiding alcohol and caffeine and eating freshly prepared food in accordance with one's dosha requirements.
An exhaustive review of the various tests of autonomic function in PD is beyond the scope of this chapter. Briefly, the tests that have been commonly employed in the study of PD autonomic failure include heart rate variation (with deep breathing and valsalva), tilt table testing for orthostatism, sudomotor axon reflex testing, and thermoregulatory sweat testing. Abnormalities may be seen in one or more of these depending on the presenting symptoms. Several studies have suggested that as a group, autonomic failure is more severe in MSA than in PD, but these studies often use the severity of autonomic failure to help assign the diagnosis the more severe the autonomic symptoms, the more likely the patient will be classified as having MSA. Riley and Chelimsky (13) have noted the circular nature of this reasoning and performed a comparative study of autonomic tests in patients with PD and MSA, in whom autonomic failure was not used for diagnosis. They found a high frequency of abnormal...
The only treatment now available for Alzheimer's is to maintain quality of life. Relaxation and deep breathing improve circulation and help memory. Ginkgo biloba has been found to increase the blood flow to the brain affecting cognitive function. High blood levels of vitamin E correlate with improved brain function in older individuals.15 Music therapy has been found to be of great benefit as other abilities decline, sensory stimulation promotes emotional well-being and facilitates a way of communication. Yoga beneficial affects are relaxation and deep breathing which increases blood circulation and oxygen flow.
Deep breathing (relaxation therapy (see Chapter 13), or special relaxing exercises, such as Chinese tai chi (see Chapter 12). The point is, relaxation isn't bad it's absolutely necessary. Yet in our achievement-oriented society, where many people think every nanosecond must be a productive one, relaxation may be a tough concept to accept as being good.
Deep breathing belly exercises strengthen the abdominal tissues responsible for lung expansion. Taking a few deep breaths periodically is like giving your brain a blast of unexpected oxygen. Your neurons will celebrate. Try it, your brain will thank you. I also have suggested that patients breathe in through their nose and determine which nostril is not functioning at full capacity. Plug the one with the most intake, and breathe in the nostril that was functioning less.
You can practice abdominal breathing just about anywhere, anytime. For example, take three minutes at work to concentrate on breathing deeply. You don't even have to lie down (if you do, make sure the boss doesn't see you ). Just sit quietly and breathe while making sure to let your stomach rise more than your chest so that you fill up your lungs more fully. And three minutes will refresh you. With practice, abdominal breathing just may become routine for you.
One of the first things you should do before you begin is thoroughly familiarize yourself with the selectorized weight-training machines that you plan to use in your gym or the dumbbell routine that you will use at home. One of the gym's trainers can show you how to properly position your body for each exercise and can demonstrate appropriate lifting and breathing techniques for both the machines and the dumbbells. He or she can also help you select the proper starting weight for each machine.
It doesn't get any simpler than this breathing technique, and gentle breathing doesn't take much time either. 2. Simply pay attention to your breathing. Be aware of the air as it flows through your nose and into your lungs. Notice how your muscles pull the air gently in and out. 3. Allow your breathing to develop a slow, even flow in and out. 4. Imagine bringing a delicate flower with dainty petals up to your nostrils. Soften your breath so that the petals remain still. 6. Note how focusing on your breathing gradually relaxes and calms you.
To combat your growing discomfort, use your breathing and relaxation techniques. If you have never practiced or learned natural childbirth techniques, your health care team can demonstrate some simple breathing exercises to help you through your contractions. But don't feel you have to use breathing techniques if you're uncomfortable with them or they simply don't relax you.
Some adverse effects from theophylline have been overplayed, particularly in the lay news media where headlines have proclaimed ''Asthma Drug Hard on Kids'' (USA Today, December 2,1986,1), and an advertisement for an ABC Television news show, Prime Time Live, ominously described ''An Asthma Drug that Can Take Your Breath Away, Permanently '' (TV Guide advertisement for Prime Time Live, American Broadcasting Company) aired February 7, 1991. In actuality, severe toxic effects from theophylline are quite rare in clinical practice. In a study as part of the Boston Collaborative Drug Surveillance Program, the frequency of toxicity was assessed among 36,000 patients who filled 225,000 prescriptions for theophylline over nine years. Severe toxicity occurred in only one patient per 1000 patient years of exposure, and seizures occurred in only two patients (one child and one adult) with serum concentrations of about 50 mg mL. Nonetheless, the prescribing clinician needs to be aware that...
This energy-based therapy can help the mind, body, and spirit in people of all ages. Qi-gong is the learning of breathing techniques and movements that stimulate the life force within the body. Stretching in front of the body can enhance lung capacity. Certain exercises will help you to recognize the chi energy within your body. Like acupuncture, qi-gong activates the electrical currents that flow within the pathways of the body and breaks down the energy blocks of the body.
Human beings, it seems, are born with a need for periodic variations in consciousness. The behavior of young children supports this idea. Infants rock themselves into blissful states many children discover that whirling, or spinning, is a powerful technique to change awareness some also experiment with hyperventilation (rapid, deep breathing) followed by mutual chest-squeezing or choking, and tickling to produce paralyzing laughter. Even though these practices may produce some uncomfortable results, such as dizziness or nausea, the whole experience is so reinforcing that children do it again and again, often despite parental objections. Since children all over the world engage in these activities, the desire to change consciousness does not seem to be a product of a particular culture but rather to arise from something basically human. As children grow older they find that certain available
Deep breathing uses the full capacity of the diaphragm, a muscle located below the lungs that contracts when breathing in and allows the lungs to expand with air. Shallow breathing only involves the upper lobes of the lungs. This leaves over a million alveoli, the tiny sacs that absorb oxygen which is then transported by the hemoglobin of the blood to all the cells of the body, empty. The consequence is that the cellular structure does not receive enough oxygen to carry out its work. There are various deep breathing methods but basically the idea is to take a slow deep breath through the nostrils, hold to the count of 7, then exhale through the mouth to the count of 8 or 10 and repeat three more times. This can be practiced several times a day.
The respiratory system consists of the windpipe (trachea) bronchi (respiratory tree), which connects to the lungs diaphragm (the main muscle of breathing) and the intercostal muscles (the muscles between the ribs that are used for coughing and deep breathing) (see Figure 14.1).
Acupressure manipulates the same points as acupuncture but uses the hands and fingers instead of needles. Shiatsu is a Japanese therapy and a form of acupressure. Qigong is practiced by millions in China. It is a system of gentle exercise and breathing techniques that restore the circulation of energy. The theory behind qigong is that the energy or life force that is inherent in all matter has two aspects, yin and yang. Illness, whether physical or emotional, develops when the energy flow between these two opposites moves out of balance or is depleted. Because of its ease and slowness, qigong can be practiced by all ages including the elderly, helping them maintain their strength and agility. Among the conditions that are benefited by the discipline are gastrointestinal ailments, ulcers, arthritis, high blood pressure, and heart disease.
If during your labor you feel the need for medication, don't insist on it immediately. Try holding out for 15 minutes or longer and putting that time to good use, concentrating hard on your relaxation and breathing techniques and taking in all the comfort your labor coach can give you. You may find that with a little support, you can handle the pain. If not, you know you have pain relief options available to you.
After a day or so, your health care provider will probably recommend that you switch to a combination of narcotic and non-narcotic pain relievers and ultimately to non-narcotic pain relievers only. Non-narcotic pain relievers include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen. You can also try relaxation techniques, soft music, dim lights and simple breathing exercises to relieve pain. You can be confident that your health care provider won't recommend any medications that are inadvisable for you or your baby.
Dencies, strengths, weaknesses, and susceptibilities to ill health. Once a diagnosis of the illness has been made, the methods of treatment may include cleansing the body of toxins, whether of an environmental, bacterial or viral nature, appropriate changes in diet, herbal and mineral preparations to rebuild and rejuvenate body tissues, and stress management through activities such as meditation, deep breathing, and sound therapy. The purpose is to balance the doshas within the individual.
There have been 49 incidents and 13 deaths since 1978 caused by having a person's hair sucked into the suction fitting of a spa, hot tub, or whirlpool, holding the victim's head under water. Hair entanglement occurs when a bather's hair becomes entangled in a drain cover as the water and hair are drawn through the drain. In some incidents, children were playing a hold your breath the longest game, which allowed their long hair to be sucked into the drain.
You may also teach relaxation techniques and advise her him to practise these at home. Those with poor posture can be taught corrective exercises. Deep breathing exercises are helpful to everyone as they increase the intake of oxygen and the elimination of carbon dioxide. These techniques are explained in the following text.
Several other techniques for tobacco cessation have failed to show results superior to a non-treatment control group, but may still be useful in treatment programs that employ multiple behavioral techniques. Relaxation or breathing techniques involve deep breathing or meditation in anticipation or response to urges to use tobacco. Programs designed to specifically counter negative affect seek to help the tobacco user to identify negative feelings, assess and appraise the situations that lead to the negative affect, and respond to them realistically and productively. Programs designed to counter increased weight on cessation (on average about seven pounds), have not improved quit rates, and can actually reduce the chances of successfully quitting. Two commercial treatments, hypnosis and acupuncture continue to be popular, but their lack of efficacy and unclear bases for action do not support their use.
Halitosis, or bad breath, can be caused by tooth decay, smoking, gingivitis (see above), indigestion (seepage 234), tonsillitis, sinusitis (see page 226), or fasting. To test whether your breath smells, breathe into the cupped palms of your hands and inhale. SELF-HELP Avoid foods and drinks that leave a strong odor behind or cause indigestion. If you smoke, stop. Visit your dentist regularly and practice good oral hygiene.
Stringy mucus lines the larynx and is hard to expel. Chest pains may spread to the back and shoulders. There may be a dry mouth, painful mouth ulcers, and a yellow tongue, possibly with digestive problems (see below). Symptoms better For warmth for balmy days for lying in a warm bed for movement for expelling mucus at night. Symptoms worse For cold and damp in the morning in the spring and fall for breathing deeply.
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