The skeletal system

The skeletal system is made up of bones, joints and cartilages. The human skeleton is made up of 206 bones. These are grouped into two main divisions: the axial skeleton, which forms the core or axis of the body, and the appendicular skeleton, which forms the girdles and limbs It is important to identify skeletal bones, particularly those with bony points or prominences, which must be avoided when massaging.

Skull

Scapula Humerus

Ulna Radius

Carpals Metacarpals

Phalanges

Key:

Pink = long bone Green = short bone Yellow = flat bone Purple = irregular bone

Figure 2.4 Anterior and side views of the skeleton.

Skull

Skull

Scapula Humerus

Ulna Radius

Skull

Carpals Metacarpals

Phalanges

Das Lymphsystem Des Menschen

Cervical vertebrae

Scapula

Thoracic vertebrae

Lumbar vertebrae

Sacrum Coccyx

Figure 2.4 Anterior and side views of the skeleton.

Cervical vertebrae

Scapula

Thoracic vertebrae

Lumbar vertebrae

Sacrum Coccyx

Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.

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