The knee joint

The movements are flexion and extension.

Cup the heel in one hand and place the other hand behind the knee across the popliteal fossa. Give support with this hand to prevent the knee falling into hyperextension. Fully flex the knee and bring the hand from the back of the knee to the front just below the knee to give overpressure. This will also flex the hip joint. The knee is then moved into extension, sliding the hand back to the popliteal fossa for support and preventing hyperextension.

Flexion and extension of the knee can also be performed in the prone lying position with the foot over the edge of the bed. One hand is placed on the lower thigh while the other hand grasps above the ankle. The knee is then flexed and extended.

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