Questions

1. Give the organisational levels of the body.

2. Explain briefly the structure of a typical cell.

3. Name the largest of the organelles and explain its importance.

4. List the three types of cartilage and state where each type is found.

5. Briefly outline the structure of the skin.

6. Explain any four functions of the skin.

7. Describe four ways in which massage will improve the condition of the skin.

8. Explain how you would adapt a body massage for the older client with dry, thin, wrinkled skin.

9. List the bones that form:

(a) The axial skeleton

(b) The appendicular skeleton

10. Draw and label a diagram of a synovial joint.

11. Explain four functions of the skeleton.

12. Give three beneficial effects resulting from massage performed around a joint.

13. List the three types of muscle tissue and state where each is found.

14. Name the muscle tissue that forms the body flesh and produces body movement.

15. Briefly explain how massage will increase the blood supply to a muscle.

16. Explain four effects of massage on muscle tissue.

17. Give the function of the cardio-vascular system.

18. Name the four chambers of the heart.

19. Give three differences between the blood transported in arteries and the blood transported in veins.

20. Massage produces 'hyperaemia' and 'erythema'. Explain what is meant by these terms.

21. List and explain the component parts of the lymphatic system.

22. Name two groups of lymphatic nodes found in the leg and two groups of lymphatic nodes found in the arm.

23. Give four functions of the lymphatic system.

24. Give four effects of massage on the lymphatic system.

25. Briefly explain the four functions of the digestive system.

26. List the parts of the gastro-intestinal tract.

27. Name four accessory organs of digestion.

28. Name and explain the process by which food moves along the digestive tract.

29. Give the function of the respiratory system.

30. List the component parts of the respiratory system.

31. Explain what is meant by:

(a) inspiration

(b) expiration

32. Describe the mechanism of inspiration and expiration.

33. Give the function of the nervous system.

34. Name the three main parts of the nervous system.

35. Select one correct answer to the following statement:

All sensation is felt through the stimulation of ...

(a) motor end plate

(b) receptors

(c) neuroglia

36. Define the following:

(a) reflex arc

(b) reflex action

37. Give the function of the urinary system.

38. List the parts that make up the urinary system.

39. Name the two processes that take place in the nephrons.

40. List the five functions of the kidney.

41. Which of the following statements is correct?

(a) hormones produce effects quickly

(b) hormones produce effects slowly.

42. Name the endocrine glands and give their location.

43. Name one hormone that increases blood sugar levels.

44. Name the gland known as the master gland and state why it is so called.

Part B

Consultation, preparation and massage movements

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