After you have studied this chapter you will be able to:

1. list the five manipulations that belong to this group

2. subdivide and list all forms of kneading

3. describe the technique for each manipulation

4. explain the effects of each manipulation

5. explain the uses of each manipulation

6. identify manipulations for use on specific areas of the body

7. perform each manipulation on specified areas of the body.

The word 'petrissage' comes from the French verb p├ętrir meaning 'to knead'. There are five manipulations in this group, but some can be further subdivided:

^^ kneading

^^ skin and muscle rolling frictions.

All the manipulations in this group apply pressure to the tissues, but each manipulation differs in technique. The true kneading manipulations apply pressure to the tissue and move them over underlying bone in a circular movement. However, other manipulations have evolved where the tissues are lifted away from the bone, squeezed and then released. Some of the manipulations in this group are quite difficult to perform and much practice is needed to perfect them.

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Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.

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