Adipose tissue is a connective tissue composed mainly of specialised cells called adipocytes, adapted to store fat. It is found under the skin in the subcutaneous layer and around organs. Fat is the body's energy reserve. It is stored when energy intake is greater than energy output and utilised if energy intake is less than energy output. Therefore, the only way of losing fat is through sensible eating and increasing activity or exercise. However, massage is thought to help the dispersal of fat because the deeper movements stimulate blood flow to the area. This softens the area and may speed up removal via the circulating blood from that area, providing the client also reduces intake of food.
The effects of massage on cellulite (very hard consolidated fat) is dealt with in Chapter 8.
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