What are the important nonpsychiatric differential diagnoses for panic disorders

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A panic disorder develops when the patient has recurrent panic attacks and has anticipatory fear about future panic attacks.


Yes. Evidence does support an upregulation of adrenergic output responsible for stimulating anxiety centers in the brain which predisposes certain people to panic attacks.

Agoraphobia. Patients have anticipatory fear which prevents them from venturing outside alone.

Cognitive behavioral therapy including relaxation techniques

SSRIs (first-line) Tricyclic antidepressant (TCA), monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) (second-line)





Substance-induced intoxication or withdrawal

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Do Not Panic

Do Not Panic

This guide Don't Panic has tips and additional information on what you should do when you are experiencing an anxiety or panic attack. With so much going on in the world today with taking care of your family, working full time, dealing with office politics and other things, you could experience a serious meltdown. All of these things could at one point cause you to stress out and snap.

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