The antimicrobial resistance that emerged in the last century will continue into the current one. The number of multiresistant bacteria for which no effective antibiotics exist at this point will expand. Breeding grounds of resistance in communities, hospitals, nursing homes, and ultimately homes will make both the current and future treatment of infectious diseases ineffective. The patients in hospitals who cannot be treated will become reservoirs of resistant bacteria, leading to further spread unless drastic isolation precautions and quarantines are instituted. Along with resistance genes, bacteria will acquire critical virulence genes that lead to more serious infections. International travel and economic globalization will hasten the exchange of resistant bacteria between countries and continents. A gloomy picture at best.
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