The reproductive system

Multiple-choice questions

1 The main function of the ovaries is to: a serve as a site for fertilisation b accommodate a growing foetus during pregnancy c receive male sperm d produce mature ova

2 Once an ovum has become fertilised it is known as a: a blastocyst b zygote c embryo d foetus

3 A foetus's gender is distinguishable at: a the end of the first trimester b the end of the first month c a month before birth d eight weeks

4 The function of the fallopian tubes is to:

a convey ova from the ovary to the vulva b prepare for the implantation of a fertilised ovum c convey ova from the ovary to the uterus d secrete mucus

5 The uterus is situated:

a behind the bladder and in front of the rectum b in front of the bladder and behind the rectum c on the lateral walls of the pelvis d at the entrance of the vulva

6 The cervix is:

a an outer covering of the uterus b the largest and main part of the uterus c a thick muscular structure that opens into the vagina d the dome-shaped part of the uterus

7 The inner mucous membrane lining of the uterus is called the:

a perimetrium b endometrium c myometrium d perineum

8 Where in the male reproductive system are sperm cells stored to maturation?

a vasa deferentia b penis c epididymides d Cowper's glands

9 The collective term for male hormones is: a gonads b androgens c vesicles d interstitial secretions

10 Which of the following hormones prepares the lining of the uterus for the implantation of a fertilised egg?

a oestrogen b follicle-stimulating hormone c luteinising hormone d progesterone

11 Where does fertilisation of the ovum take place?

a ovaries b uterus c vagina d fallopian tubes

12 The absence or stopping of menstrual periods is known as:

a dysmenorrhea b amenorrhea c endometriosis d fibroids

13 The ejaculatory ducts are:

a two short tubes which join the seminal vesicle to the urethra b a pair of ducts that open into the urethra at the base of the penis c tubes leading from the epididymis to the urethra d composed of erectile tissue

14 Which of the following factors does not determine the size and shape of the breasts?

a fluid retention b level of ovarian hormones c diet d exercise undertaken

15 The primary function of the testes is to: a store seminal fluid b produce and maintain sperm cells c development of the male secondary characteristics d nourish immature sperm cells

16 Progesterone is produced in which phase of the menstrual cycle?

a first b second c between first and second d third

17 In a vasectomy which part of the male reproductive system is cut?

a epididymis b seminal vesicle c urethra d vasa deferentia

18 A condition where there is an abnormal growth of fibrous and muscular tissue in the wall of the uterus is:

a endometriosis b fibroids c ovarian cyst d ectopic pregnancy

19 The ovary contains numerous small masses of cells called:

a oocytes b fimbrae c follicles d zygotes

20 The first stage of labour is when: a the cervix fully dilates b the placenta is expelled c the cervix begins to dilate d the foetus passes from uterus to vagina

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