The endocrine system

Multiple-choice questions

1 The purpose of the endocrine system is to: a contribute to the reproductive process b produce and secrete hormones to regulate body activities c maintain the body during times of stress d all of the above

2 Which of the following secretes the adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)? a anterior lobe of pituitary b posterior lobe of pituitary c adrenal medulla d adrenal cortex

3 The endocrine gland responsible for secreting the thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) is:

a anterior lobe of pituitary b posterior lobe of pituitary c thyroid d parathyroids

4 Which of the following hormones stimulates the uterus during labour?

a prolactin b oestrogen c progesterone d oxytocin

5 The hormone parathormone regulates the metabolism of:

a carbohydrates b calcium c protein d fats

6 Which of the following hormones increases blood circulation and heart rate?

a noradrenaline b adrenaline c insulin d testosterone

7 The hormone responsible for increasing water reabsorption in the kidney tubules is:

a luteinising hormone (LH)

b aldosterone c anti-diuretic hormone (ADH)

d oxytocin

8 The islets of Langerhans are situated in the: a liver b ovaries c kidneys d pancreas

9 Hyposecretion of the thyroid gland in an adult can lead to a condition called:

a myxoedema b Cushing's syndrome c Addison's disease d cretinism

10 The hormone that is concerned with the development of the placenta is:

a prolactin b progesterone c follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) d oestrogen

11 The glucocorticoids are secreted by the: a adrenal medulla b pancreas c adrenal cortex d pineal gland

12 In puberty the ovaries are stimulated by: a growth hormone b prolactin c gonadotrophic hormones d oxytocin

13 Hyposecretion of oestrogen and progesterone in women can lead to the condition:

a amenorrhea b polycystic ovary syndrome c gynaecomastia d menopause

14 Days 1 to 7 of the menstrual cycle are known as the:

a proliferative phase b secretory phase c menstrual phase d pre-menstrual phase

15 The hormone responsible for helping to dilate the cervix and relax the ligaments and joints to assist labour is:

a relaxin b progesterone c human chorionic gonadotrophic hormone d follicle-stimulating hormone

16 An increased metabolic rate, weight loss, sweating and restlessness are all symptoms of:

a Cushing's syndrome b thyrotoxicosis c myxoedema d diabetes mellitus

17 Dwarfism is a result of:

a hyposecretion of the growth hormone b hypersecretion of the growth hormone c hyposecretion of thyroxine d hypersecretion of thyroxine

18 Which of the following is not secreted by the thyroid gland?

a calcitonin b triodothyronine c melatonin d thyroxine

19 Endocrine glands in the body have a feedback mechanism which is coordinated by which gland? a pineal b thyroid c pituitary d adrenals

20 Increased thirst, increased output of urine, weight loss, and thin skin with impaired healing capacity are all signs of:

a hypoglycaemia b hyperglycaemia c diabetes d gynaecomastia


It is important for therapists to have a comprehensive knowledge of the reproductive system in order to be able to understand the effects of the natural glandular changes in the body.

Diabetes 2

Diabetes 2

Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...

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