The bones of the skeleton

The skeletal system is divided into two parts: the axial skeleton made up of 80 bones and the appendicular skeleton made up of 126 bones. The axial skeleton forms the main axis or central core of the body and consists of the following parts:

• vertebral column

The appendicular skeleton supports the appendages or limbs and gives them attachment to the rest of the body. It consists of the following parts:

• shoulder girdle

• bones of the upper limbs

• bones of the lower limbs

• bones of the pelvic girdle.

Scapula Humerus Ulna Radius Carpals Metacarpals Phalanges Ischium

Scapula Humerus Ulna Radius Carpals Metacarpals Phalanges Ischium

Cervical vertebrae

Scapula

Thoracic vertebrae

Lumbar vertebrae

Sacrum

Coccyx

Cervical vertebrae

Scapula

Thoracic vertebrae

Lumbar vertebrae

Sacrum

Coccyx

Fig 3.2 Bones of the skeleton (anterior and side)

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